Italy
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Italy PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Italy. From Radio Audizioni Italia (1946) to Silvio Berlusconi’s Mediaset. 1975. Television in Italy consisted of 3 national PUBLIC stations, which were partitioned to the major political parties (lottizzazione). RAI Uno. Dominated by the Christian Democrats. RAI Due.

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Italy

Italy

From Radio Audizioni Italia (1946) to Silvio Berlusconi’s Mediaset


Italy

1975

  • Television in Italy consisted of 3 national PUBLIC stations, which were partitioned to the major political parties (lottizzazione)


Rai uno

RAI Uno

  • Dominated by the Christian Democrats


Rai due

RAI Due

  • Dominated by the Socialists


Rai tre

RAI Tre

  • Dominated by the Communist Party (now the Democratic Party of the Left)


1976 1984

1976-1984

  • RAI had a monopoly of national broadcasting, but LOCAL broadcasting was permitted

  • In the early 1980s Silvio Berlusconi brought up local stations throughout Italy and provided a common schedule


Italy

1984

  • Berlusconi owned three linkages that IN FACT amounted to 3 national channels

    • CANALE 5

    • RETE 4

    • ITALIA 1


Broadcasting act of 1990

Broadcasting Act of 1990

  • Placed a limit on the number of networks that could be privately owned at 3, legitimizing Berlusconi’s ownership of 3 national channels


Italy

1994

  • Forza Italia (a totally new political party) was formed by Berlusconi 3 months before the national election

  • Forza Italia won and Berlusconi became prime minister

  • His government collapsed in 8 months


2001 to the present

2001 to the Present

  • Berlusconi’s party won the national election in May, 2001 and he became Prime Minister again


Controversies

Controversies

  • “What can happen when the political power of, for example, George Bush is united with the media control of Rupert Murdoch with the wealth of Ross Perot or Steve Forbes in the same person?”


Conflicts of interest

Conflicts of Interest

  • The media and the business empire


Corruption charges

Corruption Charges

  • The statute of limitations keeps running out

  • Laws are passed to give him immunity from prosecution while in office


Controversial statements

Controversial Statements

  • On Islamic Culture

  • On Mussolini

  • On available Nazi roles

  • On President Obama’s deep tan


Free press issues

Free Press Issues

  • Media control and censorship

  • Resignations and firings

  • Libel suits


April 2006

April 2006

  • Berlusconi’s party loses the election

    • But he refuses to step down

  • Romano Prodi becomes prime minister again


New legislation proposed

New Legislation Proposed

  • Conflict of interest law

  • New media law

    • 45% ceiling on advertising for any one broadcaster

    • RAI and Mediaset must transfer one of their analog channels to digital, making 2 channels free for new investors


Murdoch steps up to invest

Murdoch Steps Up to Invest


Berlusconi in the news again

Berlusconi in the News Again


Prodi resigns

Prodi Resigns


Prodi given chance to form new government

Prodi Given Chance to Form New Government

  • “It wasn’t love or even any real faith that they could stick together long. Rather, it seems, a singular frightening thought pushed nine bickering parties to agree . . . To come together again: that Silvio Berlusconi might soon lead Italy again.” [NYT, 2/24/07]


April 2008

April 2008

  • Italy returns Berlusconi to power


And the marital drama continues

And the Marital Drama Continues

  • Veronica sues for divorce (April 2009)

  • Berlusconi invites himself and appears on a TV show

    • “Veronica will have to publicly apologize to me. And I don’t know if that will be enough.”


Italy

  • The Latest Scandal

    • Berlusconi is accused of

      • Paying money for sex with a 17 year old girl

      • Abuse of power in trying to get her released from custody (charges of theft)

        • Berlusconi claimed the intervention was based on information he had that she was the niece of Hosni Mubarak

        • In fact, she in Moroccan, but claims to have invented “a parallel life” as an Egyptian


Italy

  • Berlusconi used his media empire to attack

    • The judiciary

    • The center left coalition of the Italian government

    • Anyone prying into his private life

  • In the press, both Berlusconi and “Ruby” deny having sexual relations


Italy

  • Wiretaps reveal contradictions

    • “Ruby” reveals she has attended parties at Berlusconi’s villa since she was 16

    • She has asked for $6.7 mil to keep quiet

    • She claims he called her and said, “Ruby, I’ll give you as much money as you want, I’ll pay you, I’ll cover you in gold, but the important thing is that you hide everything; don’t tell anyone anything.”


Italy

  • Other young women have spoken out

    • They prostituted themselves to him in return for

      • Cash

      • Rent-free housing


Italy

  • On April 6, 2011 the prostitution trial was set to begin in Milan

  • Berlusconi did not appear, occupied by a meeting on the Libya crisis

  • “Ruby did not appear

  • The trial has been postponed until the end of May


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