List and define the 5 themes of geography
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Place- describe what makes a location different from another location; I have different kinds of features such as: water landforms, climate, soil, vegetation, airports, highways, buildings, bridges, and parks.Location - describe where something is found Human Environment Interaction -describe how people impact our earth and environment and how people adapt to live in their surroundings Region- Describes areas that have common featuresMovement- describe how people and things are transported from one place to another


List the three different map types

List the three different map another location; I have different kinds of features such as: water landforms, climate, soil, vegetation, airports, highways, buildings, bridges, and parks.types


Physical maps 2 p olitical maps 3 thematic maps

Physical maps another location; I have different kinds of features such as: water landforms, climate, soil, vegetation, airports, highways, buildings, bridges, and parks.2. Political maps 3. Thematic maps


Which maps show the natural features of the earth

Which maps show the natural features of the Earth? another location; I have different kinds of features such as: water landforms, climate, soil, vegetation, airports, highways, buildings, bridges, and parks.


Physical map

Physical Map another location; I have different kinds of features such as: water landforms, climate, soil, vegetation, airports, highways, buildings, bridges, and parks.


Which maps can represent a variety of information including things like climate, precipitation, vegetation, elevation, population, life expectancy, etc?


Thematic map

Thematic Map things like climate, precipitation, vegetation, elevation, population, life expectancy, etc?


Which maps show how humans have impacted the landscape? For example, city names, roads, country borders, etc. are all part of political maps


P olitical map

P example, city names, roads, country borders, etc. are all part of political mapsolitical Map



Title

Title part of the map you should look at.



Compass rose

Compass Rose east, and west.



Key or legend

Key or Legend triangles representing trees.



Grid triangles representing trees.


These lines run across the globe horizontally

These lines run across the globe horizontally triangles representing trees.


Latitude

Latitude triangles representing trees.



Longitude

longitude triangles representing trees.



Equator

equator hemisphere in half



Prime meridian

Prime Meridian hemisphere in half


What are the 8 key features of a civilization

What are the 8 hemisphere in halfkey features of a civilization


Cities hemisphere in half2. Central Governments3. Complex Religion Stable 4. Food Supplies 5. Job Specialization6. Social Classes7. Arts & Architecture8. Writing


Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in halfUsually originated with priestsInitially used to create calendars and keep records of offerings to the godsGovernment will use writing to keep track of public records – taxes, treaties, “official” documents


Writing

Writing hemisphere in half


Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in halfPeople were ranked in society based on the importance of their jobPriests and warriors were typically considered the most important


Social classes

Social Classes hemisphere in half


Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in halfThis was created in order to express beliefs and to honor important figures and deitiesMost major construction were building for religious purposes – temples, tombs – to honor their gods


Arts architecture

Arts & Architecture hemisphere in half


Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in half A society needs to have enough of this so it can survive, plus some extra to trade.Trading this for goods leads to job specialization


Stable food supplies

Stable Food Supplies hemisphere in half


Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in halfWhen there is a surplus of food people no longer have to hunt and gather all day.They started to focus on the task or craft they were best atArtisans develop techniques and technologies to make their task easier and more efficient


Job specialization

Job Specialization hemisphere in half


Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in halfGods controlled forces of Indus Valley Prayer Statuettes naturePriests were needed to convey the will of the godsIt was everyone’s responsibility to make sure the gods were happy


Complex religion

Complex Religion hemisphere in half


Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in halfNeeded to oversee irrigation projects and other public worksEnsure steady supply of foodCreate and uphold lawsDefend citizens Collect taxes


Central governments

Central Governments hemisphere in half


Which key feature is described below center of trade centers of cultural diffusion

Which key feature is described below: hemisphere in halfCenter of tradeCenters of cultural diffusion


Cities

Cities hemisphere in half



Asia hemisphere in half



Africa

Africa hemisphere in half



Asia hemisphere in half



South america

South hemisphere in halfAmerica



North america

North America hemisphere in half



Asia hemisphere in half



Europe

Europe hemisphere in half



Both hemisphere in half

  • Both used stone tools as well as bones, sticks, shells, and other materials

  • People in both periods had some form of religion.

  • People included both meat and vegetables in their diet

  • Used fire to cook and fire pottery



Paleolithic hemisphere in halfLasted from around 2 million to around 12,000 years ago.People were hunters and gathers; spent lives seeking food.Constant struggle for survival; lives were short.People lived mostly in caves found following migrating animals.Cave paintings/drawings believed to have been part of religious rituals about the hunt.Tombs with bones, food, tools, and weapons indicate belief in life after deathPeople lived in small groups, led by tribal elder or strongest hunter.Women were mainly gatherers and were knowledgeable about plants and herbsDeveloped many new skills including the use and making of fire.NeolithicLasted from about 10,000 until about 4,000 B.C.People farmed, settled in villages, and built permanent homes.No longer need to search for food, so people developed new job skills.Division of labor meant different people did different jobs that contributed to the needs of the community.System of weights and measurements established “payment” of goods and servicesStrong leaders gained power and made laws to protect peopleKings and gods were worshipped; temples were built for formal religious ceremoniesPeople worshiped many godsVillages grew into citiesCities traded goods with other cities





IRAQ fertile for farming



Sumerian akkadian babylonian assyrian

Sumerian fertile for farmingAkkadianBabylonianAssyrian



Tigris and euphrates rivers

Tigris and Euphrates Rivers fertile for farming


How did the city states of mesopotamia use written language in the organization of their societies

How did the city-states of Mesopotamia use written language in the organization of their societies?


Writing allowed people to keep records of their transactions People could send messages with couriers to far away lands without travelingWriting allowed people to pass on their accumulated knowledge to future generations



Both Hammurabi's Code and our laws today prescribed specific punishments for citizens who brake the law.



Egypt boarders both the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea making it easy for Trade.There are desserts to the East and West, making it difficult for others to conquer Egypt.And the Niles river flows through Egypt, which creates a good environment for farming.



The Egyptians believed in Egyptians?many gods who controlled different thingsThey built temples and shrines to honor their gods.The Egyptians believed in an “afterlife.”





Language known as hieroglyphics.: HieroglyphicsArchitecture: PyramidsInventions: 365 day calendar, papyrus (paper), irrigation system, mathematics, medicine, weapons, chariotsArt: statues, paintings, jewelry



Monarchy (rule of a king) known as hieroglyphics.Oligarchy (rule of the few) Tyranny (rule by one who ruled without legal authority) Democracy (rule of the people)



Numerous city-statesMOUNTAIN RANGES, which crisscross the peninsula, made it hard for cities to communicate and led to the development of independent city-states.



Only adult males born in responsibilities? Athens were citizens. They were part of the assembly and had the responsibility to vote.



Athens

Athens responsibilities?



Greek Literature & Drama responsibilities? Greek ArchitectureGreek MathematicsGreek PhilosophyGreek Astronomy & GeographyGreek EngineeringGreek Art Greek SculptureGreek Medicine



Rome adapted to it’s geography buy building Roads. The second way is through the use of waterways buy building deep harbors and ships for trade.



Latin Languages influenced American culture today. Roman CalendarRoman LawRoman ArchitectureAqueducts, hot water systemsRoman RoadsSpread of Christianity


Explain the political social economic and military factors that contributed to the fall of rome

Explain the political, social, economic, and military factors that contributed to the fall of Rome.


How did confucianism and daoism create order in ancient china

How did Confucianism and Daoism create order in ancient factors that contributed to the fall of China?


Confucius taught that society worked well when all people behaved well. Values such as respect for elders, proper behavior and love of education became woven into Chinese culture.Daoism taught that people gained happiness and peace by living in harmony with nature. This encouraged rulers to govern less harshly


What were the main ideas of confucianism

What were the main ideas of Confucianism? behaved well. Values such as respect for elders, proper behavior and love of education became woven into Chinese culture.



The Silk Road was a network of routes stretching more than 4,000 miles across Asia’s deserts and mountain ranges, through the Middle East and stopping at the Mediterranean Sea.China grew rich from trading silk with other lands.


What were some of the accomplishments of ancient china

What were some of the accomplishments of Ancient China? 4,000 miles across Asia’s deserts and mountain ranges, through the Middle East and stopping at the Mediterranean Sea.


Paper printing the compass gunpowder kites silk road

Paper 4,000 miles across Asia’s deserts and mountain ranges, through the Middle East and stopping at the Mediterranean Sea.PrintingThe CompassGunpowderKitesSilk Road



India is largely separated from Asia by the Himalayan Mountains in the north and the Hindu Kush Mountains in the west.West of the Himalayas is a vast desert.



- religion? Believe in many gods-Gains Moksha and become on with everything in universe-Believe in existence of the Soul-believed in rebirth/reincarnation-looked to achieve enlightenment



There were 4 social castes religion? Brahmins – Priests, Teachers, Judges; usually don’t own land therefore need other castes to work the land and provide for themKshatriyas – Warriors and Rulers (landowners)Vaisyas – Skilled Traders, Merchants, FarmersSudras – Unskilled Workers—Laborers and Craft workersBelow these four castes are people who belong to no casteUntouchables– Outcastes, Children of God



-No belief in gods religion?

-Gains Nirvana by detaching from everything until nothing remains

-Buddha is the founder

-Does not believe in existence of the Soul

-believed in rebirth/reincarnation -looked to achieve enlightenment



Hinduism religion?

-Belief in gods

-Gains Moksha and become on with everything in universe

-No founder

-Believe in existence of the Soul

Both-Started in India-believed in rebirth/reincarnation-looked to achieve enlightenment

Buddhism

-No belief in gods

-Gains Nirvana by detaching from everything until nothing remains

-Buddha is the founder

-Does not believe in existence of the Soul



Universities religion?

Literature

Painting

Sculpture

Metalwork

Mathematics



The Maya were NOT AN EMPIRE and NOT UNITED politically… and the government of the IncaInca government was well organized and the Sapa Inca(Emperor) was the absolute ruler


Where were the mayan s aztec and inca located

Where were and the government of the Incathe Mayan’s, Aztec, and Inca located?


Aztecs were located in central Mexico, their capital is modern day Mexico city Mayans were located in Yucatan Peninsula- Mexico and Guatemala Inca were located in Peruin the Andes Mountain


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