Seniors housing forum crisis or opportunity
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 69

Seniors Housing Forum - Crisis or Opportunity PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 64 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Seniors Housing Forum - Crisis or Opportunity. Beyond Retirement Villages 29 May 2012 Kenny Annand, Principal Consultant, KGA Consulting Group. Beyond Retirement Villages. Why are Seniors becoming a concern? Baby boom cohort now ageing

Download Presentation

Seniors Housing Forum - Crisis or Opportunity

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Seniors housing forum crisis or opportunity

Seniors Housing Forum - Crisis or Opportunity

Beyond Retirement Villages

29 May 2012

Kenny Annand, Principal Consultant, KGA Consulting Group

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages

Beyond Retirement Villages

Why are Seniors becoming a concern?

  • Baby boom cohort now ageing

    • By 2056, over 25% of Australians will be over 65 years of age

    • Metropolitan Perth

      • 13.2% over age of 65 and over in 2006

      • +121.1% population growth to 2051

      • +236.7% growth in group over 65 to 25.4% of population

      • 375.0% increase in prevalence of dementia to 109,000 (23,000 in 2010)

  • People are living longer

  • Prolonged periods with frailty and disability

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages1

Beyond Retirement Villages

Some Common Misunderstandings:

  • Most older people live in some type of cared accommodation

  • When we get older we are frail and incapacitated

  • We need specialised accommodation in which we all need to live

  • Old people want to be separated from

    the rest of their community

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages2

Beyond Retirement Villages

Some Common Misunderstandings:

  • The majority of older Australians (in 2006 92%) live in private dwellings living as members of family, group or lone-person households

  • Only 8% were usual residents in:

    • non-private dwellings, which include hotels, motels, guest houses, and

    • cared accommodation such as hospitals, aged care homes and supported accommodation offered by some retirement villages.

  • The rest live in the mainstream community

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages3

Beyond Retirement Villages

Some Common Misunderstandings:

  • Not talking about a single homogenous group

  • Seniors are not different – they are just older

  • Being frail is not the same as being ill

  • Not all baby boomers are wealthy – most are “asset rich, cash poor”

    • Major asset is the family home

    • 75% receive some form of pension

  • Seniors are still active and capable of contributing to society

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages4

Beyond Retirement Villages

Seniors’ requirements of

their city are little different

to every other

age group

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages5

Beyond Retirement Villages

Seniors’ requirements of their city :

  • Mainstream community inclusion

  • Strong desire to remain independent at home

  • Only 5 - 7% move to retirement villages

  • Require provision of services not facilities

  • “Age in Place” – remaining at home and in their community

  • Only 4% require intensive nursing home care

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages6

Beyond Retirement Villages


Beyond retirement villages7

Beyond Retirement Villages

Seniors’ requirements of their city :

  • Housing requirements in later stages of life are not dissimilar to those required in early stages of the family life-cycle:

    • smaller,

    • affordable,

    • easy to maintain

  • In later years, adults have built a quality of life that they want to maintain in their downsized housing options

  • Different stage of the cycle

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages8

Beyond Retirement Villages

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages9

Beyond Retirement Villages

Seniors’ requirements of their city :

As well as housing issues:

  • Mobility becomes more of an issue

  • Seniors rely more on public (community) transport

  • Recommended distances to services – 400m

  • Want reasonable access to:

    • Shops

    • Medical facilities

    • Libraries

    • Social centres

  • Keep in contact with friends and social activities

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages10

Beyond Retirement Villages

Importance of location and neighbourhood to foster Community ties

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages11

Beyond Retirement Villages

“Positive ageing seeks greater inclusion of older people in mainstream community life rather than deal with them as a separate group where needs are different, and possibly even incompatible, with those of the broader community ”

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages12

Beyond Retirement Villages

Do we offer today

what is needed

for tomorrow?

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages13

Beyond Retirement Villages

Segregated Communities:

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages14

Beyond Retirement Villages

Birth of the Retirement Community:

  • General thought is that fear increases with age

  • Seniors tend to live alone therefore there is a higher awareness of their vulnerability

  • Less people living in a household the less defensible the space becomes

  • Segregated (gated) communities developed a certain appeal:

    • providing security and companionship

    • providing area seniors feel is “theirs”

    • removed from the mainstream community

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages15

Beyond Retirement Villages

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages16

Beyond Retirement Villages

Gated Communities:

Though they are called communities :

  • “there is no evidence to suggest that social capital [people's sense of trust and inclination to do things for each other -- things that characterise successful communities] is any higher within them than other forms of residential development”.

  • “they are spatially a type of enclave, they are more likely to have negative contributions to the overall social capital of the broader community”

  • “the dilemma seems to be one between personal security in the face of social breakdown and an almost feral youth culture. gated communities exist only for those who can afford them”.

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages17

Beyond Retirement Villages

  • Typical segregated community

  • Gated community

  • Distant from amenities

  • Rows of conjoined houses

  • Poor urban plan

  • Care facility on site

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages18

Beyond Retirement Villages

  • Semi-integrated community

  • Open community

  • Still distant from amenities

  • Individualised, separate houses

  • Good urban plan

  • Care facility on site

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages19

Beyond Retirement Villages

Integration or Segregation?

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages20

Beyond Retirement Villages

Integration or Segregation?

  • Housing developments for seniors can, and most believe should, be integrated into the broader community.

  • There are many thoughts on the strengths and weaknesses of integration however the overall view is that integration should be encouraged.

  • The concept of walled and gated ‘aged segregated communities’ is not regarded as good urban design or social policy.

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages21

Beyond Retirement Villages

Research - Space, Privacy, Freedom:

  • Older Australians believe what is currently being provided for them is not what they want 1

  • They want to remain in their current communities 1

  • Housing options need to be developed to meet these needs 1

  • Potential retirement village clients wanted “space, privacy and freedom” 2

  • Saw their housing move as downsizing rather than segregation 2

1 – Flinders University

2 – Brightwater Care Group

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages22

Beyond Retirement Villages

Overwhelming majority of older Australians desire :-

  • Housing that is located within the broader community

  • Rooted in the neighbourhood and the community in which they have spent their lives.

  • Affordable and provides an opportunity to live well, even if a person’s resources are modest

  • Appropriately designed in that the housing provides a sense of internal space

  • Provides security, but also enables a sense of neighbourliness and encourages social interaction

  • Is accessible to public transport, and particularly general practitioners, post offices, shops and hairdressers

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages23

Beyond Retirement Villages

Housing models they desired were

  • Small lot style houses

  • Comparable to project homes

  • Choice of home styles

  • Smaller blocks for easier maintenance (200m2)

  • Up to 3 bed plus study

  • No common walls

  • Double garages

  • Two toilets/bathrooms

  • Generous mobility

  • Adaptive features

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages24

Beyond Retirement Villages

  • Fully integrated development

  • Open community

  • Still distant from amenities

  • Individualised, separate houses

  • Small cluster groupings

  • Intergenerational community

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages25

Beyond Retirement Villages

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages26

Beyond Retirement Villages

Plan in areas where seniors already live

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages27

Beyond Retirement Villages

Identify small lot development opportunities

With lot sizes ranging from 200-400m2 or less, provision of this size of lot, accompanied by appropriately designed housing product would provide a means for current ageing residents to “downsize” while remaining in their community.

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages28

Beyond Retirement Villages

Work with developers to locate small lots in appropriate locations

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages29

Beyond Retirement Villages

Work with developers to locate small lots in appropriate locations

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages30

Beyond Retirement Villages

Work with developers to locate small lots in appropriate locations

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages31

Beyond Retirement Villages

Cottage lots a quality alternative

While these may have a general appeal they can be particularly attractive to older people looking to downsize.

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages32

Beyond Retirement Villages

Cottage lots a quality alternative

Unfortunately, builders, when designing these homes, do not think about the implications these designs have on seniors and therefore unintentionally introduce barriers, such as standard door widths, door steps, standard corridor widths, limited mobility, particularly in kitchens and bathrooms and lipped recesses for the shower.

While the appeal may be there for older people, these barriers become an impediment as frailty increases and may result in the older person having to move again at a later stage of life.

While ideally all homes should be designed to limit these impediments, certainly small lot designs should be specifically targeted as having to meet the needs of Universal Design building standards.

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages33

Beyond Retirement Villages

Adaptive features

Universally designed:

A universally designed home generally avoids barriers that may discriminate against people living in or visiting the home

Universal housing is designed to be useable by most people over their lifetime without the need for major adaptation or specialised design.

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages34

Beyond Retirement Villages

12 Universal design guidelines:

  • Direct access

  • Space for car parking

  • Wide front door

  • Wide internal doors

  • Wide corridors

  • Main facilities on the ground level

  • Circulation space in the living room

  • Space in the bedroom

  • Bathroom designed for easy and independent access

  • Enough space in the kitchen

  • Enough space in the laundry

  • Low window sills

Design all future homes this way

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages35

Beyond Retirement Villages

If development space is an issue…………….

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages36

Beyond Retirement Villages

Or even…………….

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages37

Beyond Retirement Villages

Creating Communities

for our Seniors

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages38

Beyond Retirement Villages

Create communities for our seniors:

  • Casual socialisation rather than organised activity

  • Close to and accessible to important amenities

  • Business as usual 

  • Mixture of housing options

  • Mixture of affordability's

  • Small group comfort

  • Integrate with amenities

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages39

Beyond Retirement Villages

Apartments and High Rise

  • Egress and safety

  • Parking

  • Overlooking

  • Adaptability

  • Loneliness

Apartments for Life?

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages40

Beyond Retirement Villages

Inner City Living

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages41

Beyond Retirement Villages

Other Options?

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages42

Beyond Retirement Villages

Intentional communities

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages43

Beyond Retirement Villages

Cohousing communities

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages44

Beyond Retirement Villages

Pocket Neighbourhoods

  • compromise between cohousing and conventional suburban living

  • have more privacy and less common property than a cohousing community

  • homes are still organised in a way to encourage community interaction

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages45

Beyond Retirement Villages

Sheltered Housing (Ireland)

  • Self contained apartments

  • Caretaker on site

  • Call bells

  • Adaptability

  • Security and companionship

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages46

Beyond Retirement Villages

Sheltered Housing (UK)

  • Self contained apartments

  • Caretaker on site

  • Call bells

  • Adaptability

  • Security and companionship

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages47

Beyond Retirement Villages

Extra Care Housing (UK)

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages48

Beyond Retirement Villages

“Green House” (USA)

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages49

Beyond Retirement Villages

Affordability?

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages50

Beyond Retirement Villages

Affordability

Without sufficient stock of appropriate and affordable housing there will be a crisis in aged support and care, as such housing is critical to both older people’s welfare and quality of life has a major impact on the capacity of other support and care services to deliver effective outcomes. (COTA Australia)

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages51

Beyond Retirement Villages

Affordability

  • Availability and affordability of rental accommodation are major influences on whether they can age in their communities or need to move into residential care

  • Older Australians who rent tend to have less security of tenure and less wealth than home owners

  • The provision of affordable housing which facilitates both independent living and the delivery of home based care for older Australians who have insecure tenure is thus a priority.

  • Evidence suggests more support for housing and rental assistance will be needed to meet significant demand pressures

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages52

Beyond Retirement Villages

Accessory Dwelling Units

  • An ideal form of compact living

  • Affordable Housing Option

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages53

Beyond Retirement Villages

Garage Apartments

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages54

Beyond Retirement Villages

“Granny Flats”

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages55

Beyond Retirement Villages

“Granny Flats”

  • Multiple dwellings

  • Separate entries and living spaces

  • Proximity allows families to support each other

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages56

Beyond Retirement Villages

Financing Options

  • Baby Boomers will resist Life Lease financing arrangements.

  • Used to owning their own home.

  • Green title or Strata options

  • Retain capital growth as part of their investment

  • Reverse mortgage possibility to pay for services

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages57

Beyond Retirement Villages

Virtual Villages?

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages58

Beyond Retirement Villages

Virtual Communities

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages59

Beyond Retirement Villages

Virtual Communities

  • Ashby Village

  • Part of a growing movement of Villages in various stages of development

  • Great majority of Americans want to remain in their own homes as they age

  • Currently few resources to make that possible for most people

  • Village concept is that a community of people can pool resources by paying membership dues and volunteering their skills and time to support the Village infrastructure and to assist one another

  • Aware of the fact that we may increasingly need assistance and support

  • Membership in the Village provides a wide array of supportive resources

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages60

Beyond Retirement Villages

Virtual Communities

"We've grown up in a time when we were really able to, and demanded, the ability to be in charge of our own lives.""Just because one is becoming older or retiring from a lifelong career or even an encore career... it doesn't necessarily diminish the importance of home, family, and community.""We're building community, we're building connections...""This is just the beginning."

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages61

Beyond Retirement Villages

In summary.......

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages62

Beyond Retirement Villages

The Dynamic challenge:

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages63

Beyond Retirement Villages

The Static Dilemma:

  • Many Town Planners and Urban Designers think of cities as static entities

  • They think of our cities as environments comprising a series of lines on paper, tied up with:

    • Structure Plans,

    • Town Planning Schemes,

    • R Codes and set-backs

  • The challenge for public officials is to find ways to allow neighbourhoods to evolve

  • To allow communities to meet the need of residents

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages64

Beyond Retirement Villages

The Static Dilemma:

  • Our cities and communities must be dynamic

  • They must respond to changing demands and conditions.

  • Current planning practices respond poorly to changing demands

  • They assume that factors such as land use density and mix should remain fixed in existing neighbourhood configurations.

  • “Ownership” becomes a barrier to change

  • The challenge for public officials is to find ways to allow neighbourhoods to evolve

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages65

Beyond Retirement Villages

The Static Dilemma:

  • Older homeowners generally do not want to move

  • Easier to stay put than move

    • Emotional investment

    • Financial barriers

    • Physical and psychological resources

  • People need to be educated about

    • Benefits of moving early if current home is not ideal

    • What to anticipate (and demand) in community and housing design for later life

  • Currently sold on housing models that exist but are not popular

  • Need seniors to be more vocal about what they really want

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages66

Beyond Retirement Villages

Opportunities

  • Golden opportunities for mixed use development

  • Concept of integrated communities

  • Good community consultation required –

    • Not very good at this

    • Often pay lip service

    • Input sought “after the fact”

  • Get communities to “plan their communities” before committing to a planning scheme “faite accompli”

  • Universal design meets the needs of the whole community

Guiding your strategies to success


Beyond retirement villages67

Beyond Retirement Villages

Build community for all, seniors will “fit in”

Guiding your strategies to success


  • Login