Women marriage motherhood
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Women, Marriage, Motherhood. Women and Motherhood. Post WWII Women married younger than previous years. Domestic role for women emphasized. Average of 2 children in Europe Motherhood occupied less time Birth control usage increased. Women’s Rights. Women at Work

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Women, Marriage, Motherhood

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Women marriage motherhood

Women, Marriage, Motherhood


Women and motherhood

Women and Motherhood

  • Post WWII

    • Women married younger than previous years.

    • Domestic role for women emphasized.

    • Average of 2 children in Europe

    • Motherhood occupied less time

    • Birth control usage increased.


Women s rights

Women’s Rights

  • Women at Work

    • Opportunities for women to earn income from home declined post WWII

    • Sharp increase in the number of married women working post WWII

    • This helps explain the rise of the women’s rights movement and the decline of the birth rate.


Women s rights1

Women’s Rights

  • Simone Beauvoir – The Second Sex (1949)

    • French existentialist

    • Argued that women are free but limited by society’s inflexibility and restraints

    • Women had to assert themselves to escape the role of the “other”. She inspired a generation of women to fight for equal rights.


Women s rights2

Women’s Rights

  • Betty Friedan – The Feminine Mystique (1963)

    • American

    • Influenced by Beauvoir, Friedan argued that middle class women were trapped by society.

    • Said the women had to conform to the idea that they must follow an infantile pattern of femininity compared to their husbands but must live for their husbands and children.

    • Founder of N.O.W.


Women s rights3

Women’s Rights

  • Goals

    • Workplace laws:

      • Forbid discrimination

      • Equal pay for equal work

      • Maternal leave

      • Affordable day care

    • Gender/Familylaws

      • Right to divorce

      • Abortion

      • Protection against rape and violence

      • Protection for single parents (often women)


Women s rights4

Women’s Rights

  • Feminism

    • Women played a role in the civil rights movement, environmental movement, gay rights movement, improving conditions for the impoverished

    • Feminists challenged what they considered to be a male-dominated culture that emphasized lady-like behavior

      • Critical of beauty pageants, male chauvinism, and even burned bras.


Existentialism

Existentialism

  • Born in the 19th C

    • Influenced by the ideas of Friedrich Nietzsche and SorenKierkegaazrd.

      • Nietzsche questioned the emphasis on rational human development

    • Took root after WWII

    • Pessimistic and hopeless view

    • Humans are not in control of their own destiny.

    • Individual has to find meaning in life

    • Most existentialist were athiests

    • Jean Paul Sartre – French – Said that life has no meaning. We just exist. Strongly attracted to communism. Actions are choices independent of religion or ideology


Women marriage motherhood

  • Christian Existentialists

    • Stressed human beings sinfulness and the need for faith and God’s forgiveness

    • Believed Christian faith could help in troubled times.

    • Soren Kierkegaard: Rediscovery of his 19th century works led to the rise of fundamental Christian beliefs.


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