World war i
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World War I. Treaty of Versailles. America in the War. Duration- Impact- Doughboys- Major Battles- Summer 1918- Chateau Thierry Belleau Wood Meuse- Argonne Offensive. Results of WWI. Death 10 million dead, 21 million wounded Wiped out a “generation” Destruction

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World War I

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World war i

World War I

Treaty of Versailles


America in the war

America in the War

  • Duration-

  • Impact-

  • Doughboys-

  • Major Battles-

    • Summer 1918-

      • Chateau Thierry

      • Belleau Wood

      • Meuse- Argonne Offensive


Results of wwi

Results of WWI

  • Death

    • 10 million dead, 21 million wounded

    • Wiped out a “generation”

  • Destruction

    • Loss of agriculture and industry

  • Debt

    • Taxes increased to pay cost of war/ trade down, so tariffs rise

    • Economic hardship for Germany… political chaos

  • Despair

    • Insecurity and loss of ideals

  • Democracy/ Dictatorships

    • US as world power

    • Many new countries in Europe


Fourteen points

Fourteen Points

  • Wilson’s peace plan

  • Deal with causes and achieve peace

  • No one blamed, no one held responsible

    • No secret treaties

    • Freedom of the seas

    • Reduction of arms (consistent with security)

    • Recognize colonial rights – self determination

    • Break up Austria Hungary– self determination

    • Polish Corridor

  • League of Nations for collective security


Armistice day

Armistice Day

  • Date:

  • Germans accept believing 14 Points would be the basis for the peace


Paris peace conference

Paris Peace Conference

  • January, 1919- May, 1919at Versailles

  • Big Four

    • Wilson- first president to Europe

      • Brought little staff, no Secretary of State

      • Did most of the negotiating

      • Got sick (Spanish Flu) and yielded to Clemenceau

    • George Clemenceau- France

    • David Lloyd-George- Britain

    • Vitorio Orlando- Italy


Paris peace conference1

Paris Peace Conference

  • Issues

    • Wilson- 14 Points

      • Will do anything to keep the LofN

    • Allies- REVENGE

      • Punish Germany

      • National security

        • Buffer states

        • Arms reductions

      • Reparations

      • Colonies/ territories

      • Stop communism


Paris peace conference2

Paris Peace Conference

  • Losers:

  • Not invited

  • Treated like a defeated enemy

  • Treated like they started it


Treaty of versailles

Treaty of Versailles

  • A victor’s peace

    • Hall of Mirrors

  • Germany

    • 1. Territories

    • 2. Military

    • 3. Reparations

    • 4. War Guilt

  • Discontent with Treaty…


Ratification problems

Ratification Problems

  • 1918 Midterms:

  • Failure to consult senators

    • Henry Cabot Lodge- Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee

  • Failure to est. bipartisan peace delegation

    • Seems one sided

  • Failure to accept compromises and amendments

    • Reservationists oppose the League of Nations and want the treaty amended

      • Stay out of world affairs; worried about European influence if we join

      • War powers, military strength, expense of League actions

  • Failure of Wilson’s health

    • Stroke

  • Failure to ratify the Treaty/ US doesn’t join LofN

    • Can’t get the 2/3 needed to ratify


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