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World War I. Treaty of Versailles. America in the War. Duration- Impact- Doughboys- Major Battles- Summer 1918- Chateau Thierry Belleau Wood Meuse- Argonne Offensive. Results of WWI. Death 10 million dead, 21 million wounded Wiped out a “generation” Destruction

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world war i

World War I

Treaty of Versailles

america in the war
America in the War
  • Duration-
  • Impact-
  • Doughboys-
  • Major Battles-
    • Summer 1918-
      • Chateau Thierry
      • Belleau Wood
      • Meuse- Argonne Offensive
results of wwi
Results of WWI
  • Death
    • 10 million dead, 21 million wounded
    • Wiped out a “generation”
  • Destruction
    • Loss of agriculture and industry
  • Debt
    • Taxes increased to pay cost of war/ trade down, so tariffs rise
    • Economic hardship for Germany… political chaos
  • Despair
    • Insecurity and loss of ideals
  • Democracy/ Dictatorships
    • US as world power
    • Many new countries in Europe
fourteen points
Fourteen Points
  • Wilson’s peace plan
  • Deal with causes and achieve peace
  • No one blamed, no one held responsible
    • No secret treaties
    • Freedom of the seas
    • Reduction of arms (consistent with security)
    • Recognize colonial rights – self determination
    • Break up Austria Hungary– self determination
    • Polish Corridor
  • League of Nations for collective security
armistice day
Armistice Day
  • Date:
  • Germans accept believing 14 Points would be the basis for the peace
paris peace conference
Paris Peace Conference
  • January, 1919- May, 1919 at Versailles
  • Big Four
    • Wilson- first president to Europe
      • Brought little staff, no Secretary of State
      • Did most of the negotiating
      • Got sick (Spanish Flu) and yielded to Clemenceau
    • George Clemenceau- France
    • David Lloyd-George- Britain
    • Vitorio Orlando- Italy
paris peace conference1
Paris Peace Conference
  • Issues
    • Wilson- 14 Points
      • Will do anything to keep the LofN
    • Allies- REVENGE
      • Punish Germany
      • National security
        • Buffer states
        • Arms reductions
      • Reparations
      • Colonies/ territories
      • Stop communism
paris peace conference2
Paris Peace Conference
  • Losers:
  • Not invited
  • Treated like a defeated enemy
  • Treated like they started it
treaty of versailles
Treaty of Versailles
  • A victor’s peace
    • Hall of Mirrors
  • Germany
    • 1. Territories
    • 2. Military
    • 3. Reparations
    • 4. War Guilt
  • Discontent with Treaty…
ratification problems
Ratification Problems
  • 1918 Midterms:
  • Failure to consult senators
    • Henry Cabot Lodge- Chair of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
  • Failure to est. bipartisan peace delegation
    • Seems one sided
  • Failure to accept compromises and amendments
    • Reservationists oppose the League of Nations and want the treaty amended
      • Stay out of world affairs; worried about European influence if we join
      • War powers, military strength, expense of League actions
  • Failure of Wilson’s health
    • Stroke
  • Failure to ratify the Treaty/ US doesn’t join LofN
    • Can’t get the 2/3 needed to ratify
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