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Drugs. By: Nick Butts, Jack Carmusin , Mark Blauer , Charles Sporn. What are drugs?. Drugs are chemicals that change the way a person's body works. The types of drugs that average people are in everyday contact with are medicinal drugs, illegal drugs, cigarettes and alcohol.

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By: Nick Butts,

Jack Carmusin, Mark Blauer, Charles Sporn

What are drugs

What are drugs?

  • Drugs are chemicals that change the way a person's body works.

  • The types of drugs that average people are in everyday contact with are medicinal drugs, illegal drugs, cigarettes and alcohol.

Medicinal drugs

Medicinal Drugs

  • Medicines are legal drugs, meaning doctors are allowed to prescribe them for patients, stores can sell them, and people are allowed to buy them.

  • It is not legal, or safe, for people to use these medicines any way they want or to buy them from people who are selling them illegally.

Cigarettes and alcohol

Cigarettes and Alcohol

  • Cigarettes and alcohol are two other kinds of legal drugs. (In the United States, adults 18 and older can buy cigarettes and those 21 and older can buy alcohol.)

  • Of course, these two things are very bad for your health and should not be done in excess.

Illegal drugs

Illegal drugs

  • When people talk about a "drug problem," they usually mean abusing legal drugs or using illegal drugs.

  • These drugs include: marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy, heroin, and LSD.

  • Illegal drugs can damage the brain, heart, and other important organs

Consequences of illegal drug use

Consequences of illegal drug use

  • Illegal drugs -- such as heroin, marijuana, cocaine and methamphetamine -- inflict serious damage upon America and its citizens every year. Accidents, crime, domestic violence, illness, lost opportunity, and reduced productivity are the direct consequences of substance abuse.

  • Illegal drugs cost our society approximately $110 billion each year.

  • Spreading of infectious diseases, Cost of drug abuse to workplace productivity, Homelessness

Substance abuse

Substance abuse

  • Substance abuse is characterized by the use of a mood- or behavior-altering substance in a maladaptive pattern resulting in significant impairment or distress.

  • Specific disorders are named for their etiology, such as alcohol abuse and anabolic steroid abuse. DSM-IV includes specific abuse disorders for alcohol, amphetamines or similar substances, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, PCP or similar substances, and sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics.

How to overcome substance abuse

How to overcome substance abuse

  • Develop an Education Based Model

  • Provide Treatment on Demand

  • Teachers and Parents: Recognize the Symptoms

  • Alert Children to Negative Consequences



  • Consequences of illegal drug use. (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2010, from      http://www.ncjrs.gov/ondcppubs/publications/policy/99ndcs/ii-b.html

  • Koolbreeze, A. L., III. (2010, November 3). Ways to fight drug abuse. Retrieved      from http://www.ehow.co.uk/list_7443243_ways-fight-drug-abuse.html

  • Research Library. (n.d.). Dorland's medical dictionary for healthcare consumers.      Retrieved from http://www.mercksource.com/pp/us/cns/      cns_hl_dorlands_split.jsp?pg=/ppdocs/us/common/dorlands/dorland/one/      000000464.htm

  • What you need to know about drugs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://kidshealth.org/      kid/grow/drugs_alcohol/know_drugs.html

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