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Normality/Abnormality Mental Health Criteria Learning Outcome: Examine the concepts of normality and abnormality. Discuss validity and reliability in diagnosis. Success Criteria: Use of DSM and other avenues to define normality and identify mental disorders. Abnormal Psychology. Normality

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abnormal psychology

Normality/Abnormality

Mental Health Criteria

Learning Outcome: Examine the concepts of normality and abnormality. Discuss validity and reliability in diagnosis.

Success Criteria: Use of DSM and other avenues to define normality and identify mental disorders.

Abnormal Psychology

review

Normality

    • Many ways to define normal
  • Research in normality/abnormality
    • Rosenhan & Seligman (1984)
      • Seven criteria used to decide whether a person or behaviour is normal or not
      • Suffering (individual living)
      • Maladaptiveness (individual living)
      • Irrationality (individual living)
      • Unpredictability (individual living)
      • Vividness & Unconventionality (social judgment)
      • Observer discomfort (social norms)
      • Violation of moral or ideal standards (social norms)
Review
evaluation

Write down a few ideas of potential issues with the 7 criteria to define normality

Write your answers below this line:

Evaluation
mental health criteria

Jahoda (1958)

    • Established abnormal by defining characteristics of normal behaviour
      • Efficient self perception
      • Realistic self esteem & acceptance
      • Voluntary control of behaviour
      • True perception of the world
      • Sustaining relationships & giving affection
      • Self-direction & productivity

What do these mean?

Mental Health Criteria
evaluation of mental health criteria

While we can agree on what makes physiological health, we have a harder time with psychological health.

    • Discuss the following question with a small group:
      • How do we determine what is psychologically normal?
Evaluation of Mental Health Criteria
look at the biological medical model

According to this model, what are the origins of abnormal behaviour?

    • Use of psychopathology (observed symptoms of a patient) to determine treatment
      • What is the type of treatment with this model?
  • Evaluate this model. What are the weaknesses?
Look at the Biological (Medical) Model
dsm iv soon to be v

Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

    • Handbook used by psychiatrists in the US to identify and classify symptoms of psychiatric disorders
    • See handout on Classification of Mental Disorders

Snooki

DSM-IV (soon to be V)
using page 139

Write down what each of the following believe:

    • Tomasz Szasz (1962)
    • Frude (1998)
  • Read the blue box on p. 140 on shy children.
    • Answer the questions at the bottom of the page in a small group.
      • We will discuss this as a larger group.
Using page 139
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