Underlying causes of the war to end all wars
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Underlying Causes of ‘The War to End all Wars’. “ silly generals and pedantic diplomats” A J P Taylor. The Madrid Convention of 1880. Dogger Bank Incident. The Treaty of Bjorko. First Moroccan Crisis. 1905 – 1906 Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, France, Russia, Spain.

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Underlying causes of the war to end all wars

Underlying Causes of ‘The War to End all Wars’

“ silly generals and pedantic diplomats”

A J P Taylor





First moroccan crisis
First Moroccan Crisis

  • 1905 – 1906

  • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, France, Russia, Spain


Start of the triple entente
Start of the Triple Entente

France tried to bring Russia and GB together, but Dogger Bank incident as well as GB relationship with Japan made things difficult

France, Great Britain, Russia


Germany now circled
Germany now circled?

  • Germany had circled herself out of the great power concert.

  • Only ally is Austria- Hungary


“You English, are mad, mad, mad as March hares.   What has come over you that you are so completely given over to suspicions quite unworthy of a great nation? ... I have said time after time that I am a friend of England ... but you make things difficult for me.... The prevailing sentiment among large sections of the middle and lower classes of my own people is not friendly to England...”

An interview with Kaiser Wilhelm II, published in the Daily Telegraph, 28 October 1908


The bosnian crisis
The Bosnian Crisis has come over you that you are so completely given over to suspicions quite unworthy of a great nation? ... I have said time after time that I am a friend of England ... but you make things difficult for me.... The prevailing sentiment among large sections of the middle and lower classes of my own people is not friendly to England...”


Huh? has come over you that you are so completely given over to suspicions quite unworthy of a great nation? ... I have said time after time that I am a friend of England ... but you make things difficult for me.... The prevailing sentiment among large sections of the middle and lower classes of my own people is not friendly to England...”

“Because of the altered state of affairs in the Ottoman Empire ... I am forced to announce the annexation of Bosnia.”

Letter from Emperor Franz Josef of Austria-Hungary to Kaiser Wilhelm, 29 September 1908.

“In order to raise Bosnia to a higher level of political life ...   The new order of things will be a guarantee that civilization and prosperity will find a sure footing in your home.”

Franz Josef's Proclamation of the Annexation, 6 October, 1908 


The bosnian crisis background
The Bosnian Crisis - Background has come over you that you are so completely given over to suspicions quite unworthy of a great nation? ... I have said time after time that I am a friend of England ... but you make things difficult for me.... The prevailing sentiment among large sections of the middle and lower classes of my own people is not friendly to England...”


The bosnian crisis1
The Bosnian Crisis has come over you that you are so completely given over to suspicions quite unworthy of a great nation? ... I have said time after time that I am a friend of England ... but you make things difficult for me.... The prevailing sentiment among large sections of the middle and lower classes of my own people is not friendly to England...”


Second moroccan crisis agidir crisis
Second Moroccan Crisis has come over you that you are so completely given over to suspicions quite unworthy of a great nation? ... I have said time after time that I am a friend of England ... but you make things difficult for me.... The prevailing sentiment among large sections of the middle and lower classes of my own people is not friendly to England...”(Agidir Crisis)

  • 1911

  • Germany, France, Great Britain


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