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Space, a Force Multiplier in a Network-Enabled Environment. May, 2010. Linda Reiners Vice President Lockheed Martin Space.

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Space, a Force Multiplier in a Network-Enabled Environment

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Space a force multiplier in a network enabled environment


a Force Multiplier in a Network-Enabled Environment

May, 2010

Linda Reiners

Vice President

Lockheed Martin Space

This presentation includes “basic marketing information on function or purpose or general system descriptions” as defined in theITAR (Sec. 120.10, Article (5) and Sec. 120.11) and therefore is not controlled ITAR information. This document is not a proposal or offer.

New paradigms and systems needed for the 21 st century

New paradigms and systems needed for the 21st century

  • Transition from stovepiped platforms and circuit-switched communications to network centric architectures

  • Increased emphasis on standard interfaces to achieve joint interoperability for U.S. and allies

  • Increased reliance on satellite-based remote sensing and increased use of advanced sensors

  • Affordability requires shared technology development byU. S. and allies

  • Integrated architectures with space, UAVs, air and ground tied together with information management technologies

Space systems provide an essential complement to air and ground assets in remote sensing, communications and navigation

Elements of space enabled regional defense

Elements of Space Enabled Regional Defense








Credit: NASA

Dr. Short’s Remote Sensing Tour


Early Warning




Ship and Ground-Based Radars and Air Sensors





Missile Defense

Regional security phases

Regional Security Phases

  • Phase 1: Information Gathering (Remote Sensing)

    • Detect and analyze potential threat

    • Monitor threat & intent

    • Indications and warning

  • Phase 2: Early Warning (Space-Based)

    • Detect launch and generate trajectory

    • Focus sea- and land-based tracking assets for early acquisition

  • Phase 3: Engage

    • Track, target and launch defensive missiles; engage target

Space capabilities are a critical part of

an integrated Net-Centric Security Architecture

Phase 1 space based remote sensing monitor understand threats

Phase 1: Space-Based Remote Sensing- Monitor & Understand Threats

Credit: Space Imaging

Credit: NASA

Dr. Short’s Remote Sensing Tour

IKONOS Supplying over 2,000,000 Images Since 1999

Phase 2 space based infrared missions

Missile Warning / Missile Defense

Missile Warning / Missile Defense





Battlespace Awareness





Phase 2: Space-Based Infrared Missions

  • Missile Warning (MW)

    • Early and reliable reporting to all Users

    • Precise threat Launch and Impact Point determination for accurate Attack Assessment

  • Missile Defense (MD)

    • Alerts start kill chains for attack & intercept

    • Launch locations ID’ed for attack

    • Missile Burnout state vector cues MD systems to intercept inbound threats

  • Battlespace Awareness (BA)

    • Rapid updates for new insight on battlefield

    • Allows more efficient resource management

  • Technical Intelligence (TI)

    • Infrared sensors detect valuable information to characterize threats and tactics

    • Orbital persistence & wide area collection for evolving threat development

Technical Intelligence

  • Missile characterization

  • Space object signaturesand characteristics

  • Phenomenology

  • Other target data

IR Intensity

Event Duration

Mission data processing and dissemination

enables all 4 Space-Based Early Warning missions

Phase 3 space support to missile defense engagement

  • Space-Based Early Warning Functions

  • Acquire In Boost Phase – Provides Launch Warning

  • Track to Near Booster Burnout – Provides State Vector

  • Transmit Messages to C2BMC and GFC

  • Support Radar Cueing and MD Radar Range Extension




Control Station


IR-Cued Tracking Beam


Reduced Range Search Beam

Ballistic Missile

Boost Phase

Launch Point Attack


and GMD Fire

Control Sites



  • Space-Based Early Warning Messages

  • Launch Warning

  • State Vector

Phase 3: Space Support to Missile Defense Engagement

Satcom based internet paradigm provides connectivity

SATCOM-Based Internet Paradigm Provides Connectivity

Integrated Telecommunications Network

A tiered approach to global communications systems provides interoperability

A Tiered Approach to Global Communications Systems Provides Interoperability







Iridium Next

Gps system overview

GPS System Overview

Program Facts

  • 24-satellite constellation/ 34 on-orbit

  • 6 Orbital Planes, Min of 4 Satellites/Plane

  • Semi-Synch Orbit (20,200 km / 10,900 miles)

  • Launched from Cape Canaveral on Delta II/EELV

    • First launch 1978; FOC 1995

  • Prime Contractors

    • Boeing - II, IIA and IIF

    • Lockheed Martin - IIR, IIR-M and III

Program Description

  • Space-based radio-navigation system

  • Satellites broadcast precise time signals to allow users to estimate their own position, velocity, and time

  • Two levels of service

    • Standard Positioning Service (SPS)

    • Precise Positioning Service (PPS)

Current/Future Constellation

  • 34 satellites / 31 healthy to users (As of Jan 1, 2010)

    • 15 IIA

      • 3 inactive spares; set to test mode (LADO)

    • 12 IIR + 7 IIR-M

    • 12 satellites on the watch list

  • 12 IIF

    • planned launch starting in 2009

    • increased capabilities

  • 32 III

    • planned launch starting in 2014

    • increased capabilities

GPS Provides World-wide Location and Timing Information

Lockheed martin summary

Lockheed Martin Summary

  • Providing space and missile systems for five decades

    • Satellite communications

    • Strategic missile programs

    • Missile defense systems

    • Surveillance and navigation

    • Remote sensing and exploration systems

    • Human spaceflight

  • Applying advanced technology solutions to meet our Customer’s security and information needs

  • Mission Success and Operational Excellence

Space a force multiplier in a network enabled environment

PIRA SSC201003010_17 Mar 2010

K0937861_SSC_Overview 12

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