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ACCOMMODATING ACCOMMODATIONS. A bridge to the future for GED candidates with learning disabilities and/or ADHD. GEDTS. ©Kathleen Ross-Kidder, Ph.D. Today’s Agenda : LD/ADHD Research &Accommodations. Welcome! Overview Brief Introduction: research policy development Form L-15 model

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Accommodating accommodations

ACCOMMODATING ACCOMMODATIONS

A bridge to the future for GED

candidates with learning disabilities

and/or ADHD.

GEDTS

©Kathleen Ross-Kidder, Ph.D.


Today s agenda ld adhd research accommodations

Today’s Agenda: LD/ADHD Research &Accommodations

  • Welcome!

  • Overview

  • Brief Introduction:

    • research

    • policy development

    • Form L-15

    • model

    • resources


Ged pilot research

GED PILOT RESEARCH


Documentation 1994 5

Documentation-1994-5

  • Requests for accommodations less that 1%.

  • 1996-1997 total requests 7,131

  • 28% increase in 1997

  • Ohio tripled requests for SLD

  • Virginia doubled.

  • Only 30%of requests in 1994 had documentation of potential to pass GED.

  • Less that 10% had measures of educational achievement.


Wais r 1994 1995

WAIS-R (1994-1995)


Wais r 1996 7

WAIS-R(1996-7)


Gender differences

Gender Differences


Correlations with passing ged

Correlations with passing GED


Current research

Current Research

  • WAIS-R-III Factor Scores

  • WAIS-R,III - Academic Achievement

  • Accommodations- Success on GED

  • Evaluation of training session-pre/post training of state administrators


Ged norms

GED NORMS

  • Pass rate set such that 67% of current high school seniors can be expected to pass.

  • Low average potential to above would be predicted to pass.

  • IQ predict-=correlations p.<0001


Data base

Data base

  • Overall potential

  • Significant differences using standard scores

  • VIQ-PIQ

  • subtests scores

  • factor scores

  • IQ-Achievement

  • Model-GED pass rate


Comparison of verbal subtests

Comparison of verbal subtests

  • Information 7.16

  • Digit Span 8.00

  • Vocabulary 7.22

  • Arithmetic 6.70

  • Comprehension 9.55

  • Similarities 8.35


Nonverbal subtests

Nonverbal Subtests

  • Picture Completion 9.38

  • Picture Arrangement 8.44

  • Block Design 8.06

  • Object Assembly 7.98

  • Digit Symbol 7.36


Introducing form l 15

Introducing Form L-15:

  • define policy

  • define program

  • preview video: Accommodating Accommodations!


Legal issues

Legal Issues

  • ADA, 504, IDEA

  • Potential to do task

  • Documented disability

  • Significantly negatively impacts on one of life’s major activities

  • least restrictive


Form l 15 form to request accommodations for ld and or adhd

FORM-L-15: Form to request accommodations for LD and/or ADHD

  • Basic Information: Names, center, etc

  • Documentation

    • qualifications of professionals

    • measurement of potential

    • measurement of information processing

    • measurement of current achievement

  • Accommodations requested


Policy formation timeline

Policy Formation Timeline

  • 1990, ADA

  • Requests begin

  • 1996, Introduction

  • 1996, Fall symposium of experts

  • 1997, GED request clarity and policy

  • 1997 Maryland National Panel


Timeline

Timeline

  • Policy presented at NASSLN

  • Review by Departments of Justice and Education for guidance.

  • Legal review

  • Addition of Neil Sturomski, Educational specialist, January 1998.

  • Mini Pilot Training, 1 day: March, 1998


Training begins september 1998

Training begins: September, 1998

  • Assessment experts review July 11,1998.

  • Advocacy experts review July 17, 1998.

  • State administrators training sessions & certification.


Training sessions

TRAINING SESSIONS

  • Definition

  • Legal Issues

  • Learning Disability/ADHD

  • Form L-15

  • Discrepancy model

  • Appropriate accommodations

  • Resourcing!


Accommodations policy

Accommodations Policy

  • Clear and transparent as possible!

  • Consistent!

  • Encourage outreach!

  • Bridges to the future!

  • Research supported


Educational idea definition

Educational (IDEA) Definition

  • Average to above average intellectual potential (GED broadly defines as 70 or above.

  • Information processing dysfunction

  • Significant discrepancy in academic achievement that is due to information processing dysfunction

  • Not primarily due to emotional or cultural factors.


Form l 15

Form L-15

  • to receive accommodations


Accommodating accommodations

THE SCREENING MODEL:

LEVEL 1

Information Processing

  • VIQ-PIQ= 8 or more

  • Significant factor discrepancy

    • Bannatyne

    • ACID

Intellectual Potential

IQ= 70 or above?

Academic Achievement

Academic achievement significantly

below IQ= 15 points or more?

FORM L-15


Process level 1

Process: Level 1

candidate

psychologist

advocate/teacher/chief administrator

state administrator

educational specialist


Steps in completing

Steps in completing

  • Get Form L-15

  • Gather needed information from psychologists, psychiatrists and/or educators.

  • Present completed Form L-15 to advocate or GED center administrator.

  • Form is forwarded to GED state administrator who approves or not approves.


Accommodating accommodations

THE MODEL:SUMMARY

Level 1

  • approval

  • more information

  • nonapproval

Completed Form L-15

Chief examiner

  • State administrator

Level 2

GED Expert Clinical Review


Process level 2 expert

Process: Level 2:Expert

Level 3: Appeals Panel Clinical Review


Accommodating accommodations

THE REVIEW MODEL: LEVEL 3

Panel Appeal Clinical Review

  • Questions about documentation

  • Candidate’s request for further review

  • Questions about IQ below 70

  • Legal challenge to nonapproval

  • GEDTS Washington, D.C.

Form L-15 and case history from file


The model

The Model

INTELLECTUAL

POTENTIAL

IQ above70?

INFORMATION

PROCESSING

DYSFUNCTION

SIGNIFICANT

ACADEMIC

DISCREPANCY

Verbal IQ-Performance IQ=+8?

Factor Scores: Bannatyne

ACID

IQ-Achievement =15


To review the process

To review: The process

  • the candidate

  • advocate

  • certified professional

  • state administrator

  • GED clinical review


Level 4 review advisory board

Level 4:Review/Advisory Board


Summary

Summary

  • Policy

  • Model

  • Form

  • Training Model

  • Review panel

  • Advisory Board

  • Research


Where to get more information

Where to get more information

  • GED Homepage: http://gwis2.circ.gwu.edu/~kkid/gedhome.htm

  • Accommodations in Higher Education Under the American with Disabilities Act(ADA) edited by Gordon & Keiser, 1998.

  • Training sessions!


  • Login