High-Speed Railways
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High-Speed Railways – social infrastructure for stronger development and competitiveness SOU 2009:74. Remit.

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High-Speed Railways – social infrastructure for stronger development and competitiveness

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High speed railways social infrastructure for stronger development and competitiveness

High-Speed Railways

– social infrastructure for stronger development and competitiveness

SOU 2009:74


Remit

Remit

To analyse whether a future development of high-speed railways can help to achieve socially efficient and sustainable transport solutions for an enhanced transport system with better capacity, mobility and accessibility


High speed railways

High-speed railways

  • Separate double track railway for passenger services

  • By definition speeds over 250 km/h

  • Top speed 320 km/h

  • Tracks and trains are constructed in accordance with EU-standards

  • The technique is internationally adopted


High speed railways continued

High-speed railways, continued

The tracks are compatible with the conventional railways

Trains can run on the conventional railways and in other parts of Europe

Larger curve radius

Can cope with larger gradient

Only fly-over junctions


Starting points

Starting points

  • Transport policy objectives

  • Principles for financing infrastructure investments

  • Cost-benefit analyses

  • Rules for market access for rail traffic

  • Track access charges

  • The European high-speed network


Demarcation

Demarcation

  • Stockholm–Göteborg

  • Stockholm–Malmö


Other parts of the country

Other parts of the country

  • Other routes for high-speed railway tracks have been considered (Sundsvall-Stockholm etc.)

  • Important to separate tracks from traffic

  • In the outlined traffic high-speed trains will serve cities outside the high-speed network

  • Also for cities outside the network, for example, Gävle, Uddevalla, Växjö och Kalmar, travel times will be substantially reduced


G talandsbanan

Götalandsbanan

440 kilometres

of new double track railway between Stockholm and Göteborg


Europabanan

Europabanan

Four possible routes have been investigated


Europabanan1

Europabanan

300 kilometres

of new double track railway between Jönköping and Malmö


Stations

Stations


Cost benefit analyses

Cost-benefit analyses

  • The construction cost is calculated at SEK

    125 billion

  • The net benefit-cost ratio has been calculated to +0,15

  • This means that the social benefits of the project are somewhat larger than the investment cost

  • Risks


Cost benefit analyses1

Cost-benefit analyses

Sourse: WSP


Business economics

Business economics

  • A substantial part of the project can be paid for by traffic revenues

  • Calculations show that track access charges can contribute to finance approximately SEK 43 billion


Financing

EU: 4 billion

Regions: 19 billion

Cofinancing

Private financing:

43 billion

SEK 125 billion

State: 59 billion

Appropriations

Loan

Financing


Business model

Business model

The state should set up a project company to coordinate state action

The company should be responsible for planning, design and procurement and for the future management of agreements relating to high-speed railways


Business model1

Business model


Positive effects

Positive effects

  • Marked improvements in the accessibility through shorter travel times and extended capacity

  • Better potential for goods transport when capacity is released in the present railway system

  • Will contribute to strengthen development and competitiveness


Risks

Risks

  • Substantial investment cost

  • Traffic forecasts

  • Encroach and barrier effects

  • The risks of negative impact can be reduced by the choice of location and various adaptive measures


Proposal

Proposal

  • Separate high-speed railways for passenger traffic should be built between Stockholm–Göteborg and Stockholm–Malmö

  • Start of traffic in 2023–2025


Blocks

Blocks


Timetable

Timetable

1

0

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

1

A Järna

Linköping

B Borås

Almedal

2

A Linköping

Jönköping

B Jönköping

Markaryd

C Markaryd

Åkarp

3

Jönköping

Borås

Ongoing works

Planning

Building

1- 2 years

5

7

years

6

8

years


Possible travel times from stockholm

Possible travel times from Stockholm


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