Gas furnace planned maintenance
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Gas Furnace Planned Maintenance. Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE). Percentage of the annual average efficiency of a furnace All furnaces manufactured after 1992 must have a AFUE of at least 78%. Types of Gas-Fired Furnaces. Natural Draft Induced-Draft Condensing.

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Gas Furnace Planned Maintenance

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Gas furnace planned maintenance

Gas Furnace Planned Maintenance


Annual fuel utilization efficiency afue

Annual Fuel Utilization Efficiency (AFUE)

  • Percentage of the annual average efficiency of a furnace

  • All furnaces manufactured after 1992 must have a AFUE of at least 78%


Types of gas fired furnaces

Types of Gas-Fired Furnaces

Natural Draft

Induced-Draft

Condensing


Natural draft furnaces

Natural Draft Furnaces

  • Rely on the buoyancy of the hot combustion products to create the draft needed to draw combustion products through the heat exchanger and out the vent

  • Difficult to obtain a 78% AFUE rating

  • Not being produced by most manufacturers


Induced draft furnaces

Induced-Draft Furnaces

  • Have an AFUE of at least 78%

  • Use an inducer fan to draw the products of combustion through the heat exchanger

  • Inducer fan restricts the flow of warm air out the vent during the off cycle


Condensing furnaces

Condensing Furnaces

  • Have an AFUE rating of at least 90%

  • Have an additional heat exchanger which removes the latent heat from the flue gas by condensing the water vapor

  • Side wall venting

  • Draws in 100% combustion air from outside


Furnace configurations

Furnace Configurations

Upflow

Downflow

Horizontal

Multipoise


Gas furnace components

Gas Furnace Components

Gas Valve

Gas Manifold and Orifices

Gas Burners

Heat Exchangers

Burner Ignition Devices


Gas valves

Gas Valves

  • Most furnaces will use a combination gas valve

  • The basic function of a combination gas valve is:

    • Automatic and manual shut-off of gas flow to the main burners & pilot

    • Pressure adjustment and regulation of the gas supplied to the gas manifold & pilot


Gas valves continued

Gas Valves continued….

  • Natural gas furnaces use a combination gas valve--it should be adjusted to regulate the outlet gas pressure to 3.2” w.c. to 3.8” w.c.

  • LP furnaces may not have a pressure regulator adjustment; if it does, it should be adjusted to regulate the outlet pressure to 10.5” w.c. to 11” w.c.


Gas manifold orifices

Gas Manifold & Orifices

  • Spuds can be changed in the field to obtain the correct burner input rate

  • The spud controls the flow of gas to each of the burners

  • The exact orifice size of the spud is determined by the manufacturer


Gas burners

Gas Burners

  • Properly mix the gas with the combustion air to the combustion chamber

  • Two types:

    • Multi-port

    • Mono-port

  • The amount of primary air supplied to some multi-port burners can be changed by adjusting the primary air shutter


Burner ignition devices

Burner Ignition Devices

Three basic types

Standing Pilot

Pilot Re-ignition

Direct Ignition


Standing pilot

Standing Pilot

  • Two types of safety devices:

    • Thermocouple

    • Thermally-actuated switch

  • Clean orifice carefully

  • A properly adjusted pilot flame will have a soft blue color with some yellow at the tip

  • Should have a height of 3/8” to 1/2” to impinge on the thermocouple


Standing pilots continued

Standing Pilots continued...

  • Normal output voltage of thermocouple is 26 to 32 millivolts DC

  • The minimum acceptable output voltage is 12 millivolts DC

  • If pilot flame goes out the gas flow to the pilot assembly should drop out within 2-1/2 minutes.


Spark re ignition

Spark Re-ignition

  • Used on mid-efficiency & high-efficiency furnaces

  • Output spark typically 15,000 volts

  • Pilot flame is proved by either a set of thermally-actuated switches or a flame rectification circuit (more common)

  • Never attempt to manually light


Spark re ignition continued

Spark Re-ignition continued...

  • Clean the components of any dirt, scale, soot or carbon using a soft-bristle brush

  • Check high voltage cable for any cracks or poor connections

  • Check safety lockout operation

    • With gas valve off set thermostat to call for heat, see if gas valve shuts down if no flame is proved


Direct ignition hot surface ignitor

Direct Ignition(Hot Surface Ignitor)

  • Used on high efficiency furnaces

  • Hot Surface Ignitor directly lights burners

  • Uses flame rectification circuit to prove flame

  • Made of ceramic - fragile

  • Visually inspect for cracks or breaks

  • At room temperature the resistance should equal 45 to 90 ohms (if over 110 ohms replace)


Vent checks

Vent Checks

  • Visually check for any obstructions

  • Visually check for any worn or damaged pipes

  • If any problems observed, immediately notice the proper personnel

  • Inspect vent pipe to other appliances that may be tied into the furnace(s)


Combustion testing

Combustion Testing


Gas furnace planned maintenance

Category I Appliance


Gas furnace planned maintenance

Category I - Appliance Test Point


Gas furnace planned maintenance

Category I Appliances


Gas furnace planned maintenance

Fan Assisted Furnaces


Gas furnace planned maintenance

Category IV Furnaces


Temperature rise checks

Temperature Rise Checks

  • Determine temperature rise for data plate

  • Generally low-efficiency furnaces will have a temperature rise of 75 to 100 degrees

  • Generally high-efficiency furnaces will have a temperature rise of 40 to 70 degrees

  • Always check supply temperature out of the line of sight of the heat exchanger


Temperature rise checks continued

Temperature Rise Checks continued...

  • Before checking the temperature rise of a furnace make sure the filter is clean and the airflow is not being blocked

  • Use the same type of thermometers for measuring the return and supply temperatures

  • Before checking the temperature rise, compare the accuracy of each thermometer against each other


Safety controls checks

Safety Controls Checks

  • Verify the operation of the high temperature switch.

  • Block return airflow completely and observe the gas valve shutting down and at which temperature

  • On induced draft furnaces remove one end of the rubber hose from the air pressure switch and observe the gas valve shutting down


The end

THEEND


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