Ec 312
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เศรษฐศาสตร์ มห ภาค EC 312 บทนำ PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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เศรษฐศาสตร์ มห ภาค EC 312 บทนำ. รศ. ดร. สกนธ์ วรัญญูวัฒนา ห้องพัก 754 อาคาร Y ชั้น 7. หมายเหตุเอกสารประกอบการสอนทั้งหมดสามารถ download ได้จาก website คณะฯ และ TU- moodle โดยจะ upload เป็นระยะตามหัวข้อการบรรยาย. อะไรคือเศรษฐศาสตร์.

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Ec 312

EC 312

. .

754 Y 7

download

website TU- moodle upload


Ec 312

Study of mankind in the ordinary business of life; it is

Examines that part of individual and social action

which is most closely connected with the attainment

and with the use of the material requisites of

well-being

Alfred Marshall


Ec 312

(Aggregate Economy)

  • Total Output

  • Price level

  • Employment

  • Interest Rate

  • Wage Rates

  • Foreign Exchange


Ec 312


Ec 312

GDP

  • Gross Domestic Product (GDP): ()

  • GDP (time Trend) (Business Cycles)


Ec 312

:


Ec 312

Hamberger Crisis

: BOT


Ec 312

2550 = 100

Hamberger crisis


Ec 312

: BOT


Ec 312

: BOT,


Ec 312

  • Aggregate productivity

  • Interest Rates

  • Business

  • Credit Markets and the Financial Crisis

  • Inflation

  • Unemployment


Ec 312

    • Qd = f(P, Y,)

      Qs = f(P, Pm )


Ec 312

    • (Factors that Determine levels)

    • (How the variables change over time)

(Policy Oriented)

-


Ec 312

  • (economic Growth)

  • (Economic Stability)

  • - (Output-Unemployment Relationship)

  • (Increase in Price Level)

  • (Increase of Unemployment Rate)


Ec 312

closed economy, market-clearing model

Supply side

  • factor markets (supply, demand, price)

  • / determination of output/income

    Demand side

  • C, I, G

    Equilibrium

  • goods market

  • loanablefunds market


Measurement of macroeconomic variables

(Measurement of Macroeconomic Variables)

  • (National Income Account)

    • (Production Side)

    • (Income Side)


Production side

(Production Side)

  • (Gross Domestic Product: GDP) (Gross National Product: GNP)

  • (K, L) (Production Function)

  • Y = f(K, L)


Income side

(Income Side)

  • (National Income)

  • ()

  • = MPk

  • = MPL


Ec 312

closed economy, market-clearing model

Supply side

  • factor markets (supply, demand, price)

  • / determination ofoutput/income

    Demand side

  • C, I, G

    Equilibrium

  • goods market

  • loanablefunds market


Ec 312

aggregate demand:

C =

I =

G =

()


The loanable funds market

The loanable funds market

  • : loanable funds

    • :

    • :

    • () :


Ec 312

(Economic Model)


Ec 312

  • (World Economy)

  • - (AsiaPacific Economy)

  • (Country Economy)


Ec 312

  • Keynesian Economics

  • Classical Economics

  • Monetarism

  • New Classical Economics

  • Real Business Cycle Theory

  • New Keynesian Theory


Ec 312

  • Classics Keynesian


Ec 312


Ec 312

  • (economic Growth)

  • (Economic Stability)

  • - (Output-Unemployment Relationship)

  • (Increase in Price Level)

  • (Increase of Unemployment Rate)


Ec 312

GDP

  • (Non Economic Activities)

  • (Underground Economy)

  • (Welfare Measure) GDP


Ec 312

GNP = GDP +/-

NNP = GNP (Depreciation)

(Net NationalProduct) ()

NI = NNP

(National Income) (Transfer Payment)

PI = NI Corporate Tax + + +

(Personal Income)

PDI = PI Personal Income Tax +/-

(Personal Disposable Income)


Real nominal

(Real) (Nominal)

  • Nominal GDP GDP

    GDP = X

  • Real GDP


Gdp real gdp

GDP (Real GDP)

  • (Base Year)

    Nominal Real Implicit GDP

    GDP GDP Deflator

    1979 2,566.4 4,912.1 52.2

  • 2,795.6 4,900.9 57.0

    1990 5,803.2 6,707.9 86.5

    1996 7,813.2 7,813.2 100.0

  • 8,781.5 8,508.9 103.2

    2001 10,082.2 9,215.9 109.4

    2002 10,446.2 9,439.9 110.7


Implicit gdp deflator

Implicit GDP Deflator

  • Nominal GDP Real GDP

    GDP Deflator = Nominal GDP

    Real GDP

    Real GDP = Nominal GDP

    GDP Deflator


Ec 312

  • GDP, NNP, NI, PDI

  • NNP NI

  • (Real) (Nominal)


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