Urinalysis dipstick testing
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URINALYSIS DIPSTICK TESTING PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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URINALYSIS DIPSTICK TESTING. WellOne Primary Medical and Dental Care For Medical Clinical Staff. Click here to move on. WARNING. Conducting this test exposes the operator to potentially infectious material. Standard precautions, including glove use are required for this procedure.

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URINALYSIS DIPSTICK TESTING

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Urinalysis dipstick testing

URINALYSIS DIPSTICK TESTING

WellOne Primary Medical and Dental Care For Medical Clinical Staff

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Warning

WARNING

Conducting this test exposes the operator to potentially infectious material. Standard precautions, including glove use are required for this procedure.

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Urine test strips storage and stability

Urine test strips: Storage and Stability

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Store strips in original container at room temperature (15-30 C) out of direct sunlight

Replace cap immediately after removing a test strip

Do not remove the desiccant from the bottle (small white package that helps to collect excess moistures)


Urine test strips storage and stability1

Urine test strips: Storage and Stability

Replace cap quickly

Do Not expose strips to air

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Considerations

Considerations:

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As with all laboratory test, definitive diagnostic or therapeutic decisions should not be based on any single result or method.

The urinalysis is a screening test and any positive, significant results should be confirmed with a laboratory specimen.

Color changes must be read exactly at the indicated time.

Substances that cause abnormal urine color, such as drugs containing azo dyes (e.g. Pyridium, Azo Gantrisin) and riboflavin, may affect the readability of reagent areas on urinalysis reagent strips. The color development on the reagent pad may be masked, or a color reaction may be produced on the pad that could be interpreted visually and/or instrumentally as a false positive.


Standing order for urinalysis for ma staff

Standing Order for Urinalysis for MA Staff:

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Collect and test urinalysis by dipstick on all children 3 years and older presenting for physical examination, all adult patients annually, and all patients with symptoms of urological involvement, i.e. Blood in urine, burning upon urination, frequent urination, odor of urine, pelvic or abdominal pain, vomiting, or confusion.


Processing the specimen general steps

Processing the Specimen: General Steps

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  • Identify patient using two patient identifiers (name and DOB)

  • Explain procedure to patient in culturally appropriate, age appropriate terms.

  • Perform hand hygiene before and after patient contact; before and after donning gloves.


Specimen collection

Specimen Collection

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Have patient urinate in clean, labeled specimen (name and date of birth) container

Test the specimen as soon as possible: refrigerate specimen if unable to test within two hours and let specimen return to room temperature before testing.


Urinalysis dipstick testing

A freshly voided urine specimen is needed for the urinalysis. If the urine is more than _______ old, it must be refrigerated and allowed to _______________________ prior to testing.

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2 hours, chill on ice

2 hours, return to room temp.

3 hours, return to room temp.


The correct answer is

The correct answer is…..

2 hours

Return to room temp.

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A freshly voided urine specimen is needed for the urinalysis. If the urine is more than _______ old, it must be refrigerated and allowed to _______________________ prior to testing.


Processing the specimen testing procedure

Processing the Specimen: Testing Procedure

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Inspect reagent bottle to ensure the reagent has not expired. Remove one strip from bottle and replace cap promptly. Inspect strip for any signs of deterioration prior to use.

Completely immerse end of strip briefly into the freshly voided urine specimen and remove immediately.

Tap edge of strip against edge of specimen container.


The test strip must be inserted into the urine and removed

The test strip must be inserted into the urine and removed ___________.

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in one minute

in 20 seconds

as quickly as possible


The correct answer is1

The correct answer is…….

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as quickly as possible


Processing the specimen testing procedure1

Processing the Specimen: Testing Procedure

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Hold strip in a horizontal position to prevent possible mixing of chemicals.


Urinalysis dipstick testing

True or False: To avoid mixing of colors, the test strip should be held in a horizontal position after removing from the urine

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True

False


The correct answer is true

The correct answer is true:

Correct

Way to hold strip

Not Correct

Way to hold strip

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Holding horizontally is correct. Holding vertically leads to mixing of chemicals and colors= invalid results


Processing the specimen testing procedure2

Processing the Specimen: Testing Procedure

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 Compare color of dipped end of stick with color chart located on the bottle.

a.read Glucose and Bilirubin at 30 seconds.

b.read Ketone at 30 seconds.

c.read Specific Gravity at 45 seconds.

d.read PH, Protein, Urobilinogen, blood and

nitrate at 60 seconds.

e.read Leukocytes at 2 minutes.

Dispose of strip in regular trash.

 Remove gloves and place in regular trash.

 Perform hand hygiene.

 Document results in patient's record.


Processing the specimen testing procedure3

Processing the Specimen: Testing Procedure

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Test results must be interpreted by comparing the color of the test pad to the color on the bottle for the specific substance EXACTLY at the time indicated on the bottle.

Test results read at times other than that on the bottle are of NO DIAGNOSTIC VALUE


Urinalysis dipstick testing

Just as you are half way done reading a test strip, a coworker approaches and begins talking with you. You are not sure how many seconds have gone by. At this point you must….

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Continue reading the test strip where you left

off

Wash your hands

Discard the test strip and start over with a new

strip


The correct answer is2

The correct answer is:

Test results must be read exactly at the times indicated on the bottle.

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Discard the test strip and start over with a new strip


You are testing this specimen pictured below

You are testing this specimen pictured below

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Urinalysis dipstick testing

At 60 seconds, you record the result as “trace” blood as indicated on the color chart

You look again in about 90 seconds and notice the change in color to indicate “moderate” blood

At this point you should……….

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At this point you should

At this point, you should…..

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Change the results on the

result form to indicate moderate

blood

Record the results as trace blood

but verbally notify the provider of

finding of moderate blood

Record the results as trace blood


The correct answer is3

The correct answer is…..

NEVER INTERPRET RESULTS AFTER THE SPECIFIED TIME

This result read after the specified time must be completely ignored an d not reported

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Change the results on the

result form to indicate moderate

blood

Record the results as trace blood

but verbally notify the provider of

finding of moderate blood

Record the results as trace blood


You have reached the end of this program

You have reached the end of this program…..

Start Over

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Exit

For more information, refer to the manufacturer package insert at: http://diagnostics.siemens.com/siemens/en_GLOBAL/gg_diag_FBAs/files/urinalysis_pdf/clinitek_status/clinitek_status_multistix_10.pdf

Once you are confident that you are comfortable with all the materials presented, proceed to the Urinalysis Dipstick Testing post-test at http://www.classmarker.com/professional/

Your username is the first initial of your first name followed by your full last name. Your password is= nwhealth


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