Writing drq responses
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Writing DRQ responses. Ways to develop body in DRQ. First hand evidence Personal experience (sports, technology, theater , education, etc) Anecdotes Knowledge of current events Second hand evidence Research, knowledge of history Expert opinion Data: surveys, polls, census information.

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Ways to develop body in drq
Ways to develop body in DRQ

  • First hand evidence

  • Personal experience (sports, technology, theater, education, etc)

  • Anecdotes

  • Knowledge of current events

  • Second hand evidence

  • Research, knowledge of history

  • Expert opinion

  • Data: surveys, polls, census information


First hand evidence personal experience
First hand evidence--Personal experience

  • appeals to ethos

  • adds a human element

  • Works best if writer can speak as an insider

  • Makes an abstract issue more human

  • Interests readers, draws them in

    However,

  • Cannot stand alone; you will need more than just your perspective


First hand experience anecdotes
First hand experience--anecdotes

  • Includes stories about other people that you have observed or been told about

  • Appeals to pathos


Personal experience current events
Personal experience—current events

  • Stay aware of what is going on in the world, locally, nationally, internationally

  • Be aware of possible bias of reader (ex: English teachers are AP readers, do not alienate them by criticizing today’s educators; readers may be tied philosophically to a political party )


Second hand evidence research reading investigation historical info
Second-hand evidence (research, reading, investigation—historical info

  • Verifiable facts that a writer knows from research

  • Often used to develop a point of comparison or contrast to a more contemporary situation


Second hand experience expert opinion
Second hand experience--Expert opinion investigation—historical info

  • Teacher opinion, education

  • Parent opinion, childrearing


Quantitative evidence
Quantitative evidence investigation—historical info

  • Data, stats, surveys, polls, census information

  • Need not be all percentages


Format possible order of sections of the argumentative essay
Format—possible order of sections of the argumentative essay

  • Intro---introduces reader to subject under discussion

  • Narration—

  • provides factual information and background on the subject at hand, beginning the development paragraphs

  • Or establishes why the subject is a problem that needs addressing

    3. Confirmation---major part of text; includes development or proof needed to prove the case


Format cont
Format (cont) essay

4. Refutation---addresses the counterargument, bridge between writers’ proof and conclusion

However, if opposing views are well known or valued by the reader, address them before addressing your own argument.

5. Conclusion—appeals to pathos

  • Reminds reader of ethos established earlier

  • Brings all writers ideas together and answers question “So what?”


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