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Rx for Canada: Aboriginal Education in Canada for Non-Aboriginals. Honourable Carolyn Bennett, M.D., M.P. DRAFT. “Canadians have been denied a full and proper education as to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non- Aborginal people”

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Rx for canada aboriginal education in canada for non aboriginals

Rx for Canada: Aboriginal Education in Canadafor Non-Aboriginals

Honourable Carolyn Bennett, M.D., M.P.

DRAFT



2011 housing crisis
2011 Housing Crisis to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-


Chief theresa spence 2012 in the shadow of the parliament buildings
Chief Theresa Spence to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-2012 in the shadow of the Parliament Buildings


Idle no more
IDLE NO MORE to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-

http://idlenomore1.blogspot.ca/


Paternalism has been a total failure nellie cournoyea speaking together 1975
“Paternalism has been a total failure” to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Nellie Cournoyea, ‘Speaking Together’ 1975

First Woman Premier, NWT


1996 to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-

  • 1.7.1

  • The Government of Canada

  • (a) commit to publication of a general history of Aboriginal peoples of Canada in a series of volumes reflecting the diversity of nations, to be completed within 20 years;

  • (b) allocate funding to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council to convene a board, with a majority of Aboriginal people, interests and expertise, to plan and guide the Aboriginal History Project; and

  • (c) pursue partnerships with provincial and territorial governments, educational authorities, Aboriginal nations and communities, oral historians and elders, Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal scholars and educational and research institutions, private donors and publishers to ensure broad support for and wide dissemination of the series.


First the Facts to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-

Library of Parliament

Primer on Aboriginal Issues

http://carolynbennett.liberal.ca/blog/primer-on-aboriginal-issues/


First Nations, Inuit and Métis make up to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-3.8% of Canada’s total population

(1,172,790 people).


First Nation people to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-

(both status &non-status Indians)

account for close to 60% of Canada’s Aboriginal people.


There are approximately to the nature of Aboriginal societies, and the history of the relationship between Aboriginal and non-

630

First Nation communities in Canada.


The Métis share of the Aboriginal population is approximately 30%.

The Inuit make up 4% of the total Aboriginal population.


The Aboriginal population in Canada approximately grew 45% between 1996 and 2006 – six times faster than the non-Aboriginal population.


Almost half ( approximately 48%)of the Aboriginal population is age 24 and under, compared with 31% of the non-Aboriginal population.



In 2006, approximately 50% of the on-reserve First Nations population aged 25 to 64 did not complete high school, compared with 15% for other Canadians.


Overall, approximately 34% of the Aboriginal population, aged 25-64 years, did not have a high school leaving certificate.


8% approximately of Aboriginal people have a Bachelor Degree or higher, compared to 22% of non-Aboriginal Canadians.


In 2004, the Auditor General found that, at current rates of progress, it would take 28 years for First Nations on reserves to reach educational parity with non-Aboriginal Canadians.


The high school graduation rate for students on reserve progress, it would has not improved over the last three years with only about one third of students graduating.


By progress, it would 2031, between 21% and 24% of the population of Saskatchewan is expected to be Aboriginal.

In Manitoba, this proportion is projected to be between 18% and 21%.


In 2006, the median income for Aboriginal peoples was $18,962 – 30% lower than the $27,097 median income for the rest of Canadians.


Non-Aboriginal people working on urban reserves earn $18,962 – 34% more than First Nation workers.

On rural reserves, non-Aboriginals earn 88% more.


23% $18,962 – of Inuit households in Nunavut experience overcrowding, compared to 1.4% of non-Aboriginal households.


First Nations peoples are $18,962 – 5 times more likely than non-Aboriginals to live in overcrowded homes, and 4 times more likely to live in dwellings requiring

major repairs.


The federal government estimates that there is a need for approximately 20,000 to 35,000 new housing units on First Nations reserve.


The Assembly of First Nations estimates that the need for housing on reserve is as high as 85,000 new units.


A federal assessment has found that housing on reserve is as high as 39 percent of First Nations water systems are at high risk of being unsafe.


As of housing on reserve is as high as December 31, 2012, there were 117 First Nations communities under drinking water advisories.


Suicide rates among First Nations are housing on reserve is as high as 5 times higher than the general population.


Suicide rates among Inuit are housing on reserve is as high as 11 times higher than among non-Aboriginal Canadians.


Nunavut reports a suicide rate housing on reserve is as high as 40 times the Canadian average for young Inuit men.


The life expectancy of First Nation citizens is housing on reserve is as high as 5 to 7 years less than non-Aboriginal Canadians.


Among the Inuit in Canada, life expectancy is almost housing on reserve is as high as 15 years lower than the national average.


Nunavut’s infant mortality rate is almost housing on reserve is as high as 4 times higher than the general population.



The rate of tuberculosis among Inuit is 185 times the rate of non-Inuit Canadians.


According to a recent study, nearly 70% of Inuit preschoolers live in households rated as “food insecure.”


In addition to community governments and leaders, Aboriginal peoples are represented by five national organizations (NAOs):


The peoples are represented by five national organizations (NAOs):Assembly of First Nations (AFN) represents First Nations in Canada, in particular “Status Indians” living on reserve.

Shawn A-in-chut Atleo is National Chief of the AFN

www.afn.ca


The peoples are represented by five national organizations (NAOs):Métis National Council (MNC) represents the Métis of the historic Métis Nation.

The MNC President is

Clément Chartier

www.metisnation.ca



The peoples are represented by five national organizations (NAOs):Native Women’s Association of Canada (NWAC) represents First Nations women across Canada.

NWAC’s President is Michelle Audette

www.nwac.ca


The peoples are represented by five national organizations (NAOs):Congress of Aboriginal Peoples (CAP) describes its constituency as including Métis, non-registered and off-reserve First Nations.

Betty Ann Lavallé is CAP’s National Chief.

http://www.abo-peoples.org/e


The peoples are represented by five national organizations (NAOs):National Association of Friendship Centres (NAFC) manages and administers federal funding for friendship centers in urban communities.

The President of NAFC is Vera Pawis Tabobondung.

www.nafc.ca


On June 11, 2008, the Prime Minister offered a peoples are represented by five national organizations (NAOs):Statement of Apology to the former schools of the Indian Residential Schools on behalf of the Government of Canada.


The Indian Residential Schools education system saw more than 150,000 Aboriginal children taken to boarding schools, to be “civilized,” educated and converted

to Christianity.


Special obligation to first peoples
Special Obligation to than First Peoples

  • In the Haida and Taku River decisions in 2004, and the Mikisew Cree decision in 2005, the Supreme Court of Canada held that the Crown has a duty to consult &, where appropriate, accommodate when the Crown contemplates conduct that might adversely impact potential or established Aboriginal or Treaty rights. The Court explained that the duty stems from the Honour of the Crown and the Crown’s unique relationship with Aboriginal peoples.

www.carolynbennett.ca


Special obligations to first peoples
Special Obligations to than First Peoples

“free, prior and informed consent”

www.carolynbennett.ca


The than United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples was adopted by the UN in 2007.

Canada endorsed the Declaration on November 12, 2010.


United nations
United Nations than

James Anaya, Special Rapporteur


Dr. Cindy than Blackstock


Recommendations
Recommendations than

  • 4) The Commission recommends that each provincial

  • and territorial government undertake a review of the

  • curriculum materials currently in use in public schools

  • to assess what, if anything, they teach about residential

  • schools.

  • 5) The Commission recommends that provincial and

  • territorial departments of education work in concert

  • with the Commission to develop age-appropriate

  • educational materials about residential schools for use

  • in public schools.

  • 6) The Commission recommends that each provincial

  • and territorial government work with the Commission

  • to develop public-education campaigns to inform

  • the general public about the history and impact of

  • residential schools in their respective jurisdiction.


New zealand
New Zealand than

  • Maori 20% population

  • Maori Studies K-8, optional in high school

  • Maori culture part of identity of every Kiwi


Progress in canada curricula
Progress in Canada: curricula than

  • Nunavut

  • Saskatchewan – important work of Human Rights Commissioner – curricula

  • Ontario –

    • OISE –Suzanne Stewart

    • Bruce Stonefish


2005 than

CAUSES

CAUSES

of the

CAUSES


First peoples as leaders
First Peoples as LEADERS than

  • Environment:

    • Obvious stewards of our Natural Resources

  • Health :

    • Medicine wheel vs medical model

  • Education

    • Learning by doing

  • Governance/Leadership

    • Asking not telling

  • Seniors

    • Elders vs Elderly, acknowledge the wisdom



http://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiativehttp://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative

http://ww3.tvo.org/video/171108/canadian-aboriginals-or-out


http://www.canadianroots.ca/http://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative

Dr. Cynthia Wesley-Esquimaux


GoodMinds.comhttp://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative


www.afn.cahttp://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative

www.nwac.ca

www.abo-peoples.org/

www.itk.ca

www.nafc.ca

www.metisnation.ca


Motion 402
Motion 402http://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative

  • That this House agree with the findings of the Interim report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commisssion that “Canadians have been denied a full and proper education as to the nature of Aboriginal societies and the relationship between Aboriginal and non-aboriginal peoples”


Motion 4021
Motion 402http://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative

  • That

    • Government active role in promoting awareness and public education – generally and specifically about residential schools

    • Work with TRC and FN’s, Inuit, Metis organizations to implement funding programme

      • Public education, develop curricula

      • Available to PT, Aboriginal govts, non-profits, CBO’s

    • Educate non-aboriginals about these issues


Eradicate the ignorance
“eradicate the ignorance”http://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative

  • Provinces and Territories Curricula

  • Perfect fit- Rotary

    • Eg Guelph, Iqaluit

  • Church groups, KAIROS

  • Scouts, Guides, Boys and Girls Clubs, Summer Camps


Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peopleshttp://ww3.tvo.org/video/171107/paul-martin-aboriginal-initiative

http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/LOP/ResearchPublications/prb9924-e.htm

UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People

http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/unpfii/documents/DRIPS_en.pdf

Shannen’s Dream

http://www.fncfcs.com/shannensdream/

Jordan’s Principle

http://www.fncfcs.com/jordans-principle

  • I am a witness

  • http://www.fncfcs.com/fnwitness/

  • Kelowna Accord – 2005

  • http://www.health.gov.sk.ca/aboriginal-first-ministers-meeting

    Truth and Reconciliation Commission

    http://www.trc.ca



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