Biodiversity Clearinghouse Mechanism workshop, 11-12 Nov 2010, EEA, Copenhagen EU Clearinghouse on Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation Andr é Jol European Environment Agency (Head of group vulnerability and adaptation). Europe’s key past and projected impacts.
Biodiversity Clearinghouse Mechanism workshop, 11-12 Nov 2010, EEA, Copenhagen
EU Clearinghouseon Climate Change Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation
European Environment Agency
(Head of group vulnerability and adaptation)
Main biogeographic regions of Europe (EEA member countries)
White Paper adopted on 1/4/2009
Commission staff working documentsaccompanying the White Paper
Impact Assessment and executive summary SEC(2009)387-388
Adapting to Climate Change: the Challenge for European Agriculture and Rural Areas SEC(2009)417
Human, Animal and Plant Health Impacts of Climate Change SEC(2009)416
Climate Change and Water, Coasts and Marine Issues SEC(2009) 386
Documents available on:
“Grey” infrastructure approaches
Protective infrastructure and Contingency Plans/Measures – In the light of uncertainties, cost and effectiveness becomes issues
“Green” structural approaches
Strengthen resilience against climate change impacts by improving natural water retention and strengthening biodiversity. “Green infrastructure” (e.g. floodplains, land use changes to improve soil water retention, establishment of ecosystem connectivity etc.)
Advantage of complementary approach: improved potential for ecosystem services (fresh water, food, health), potential to improve cost-effectiveness, reduce costs for future generations and synergies with mitigation (ecosystem absorption of CO2) – possible “no regrets” measures
“Soft” non-structural approaches
Awareness raising, Institutional framework, Economic instruments, etc.
Large difference in progress among the Member States. Initiatives and growing demand at regional and local level
Many climate change impacts AND adaptation measures have a cross-border dimension
Climate impacts and adaptation will affect single market and common policies.
Climate change vulnerabilities and adaptation trigger a new paradigm for solidarity
EU spending programmes could complement the resources spent by the Member States for adaptation.
Potential economies of scale for capacity building, research, information and data gathering, knowledge transfer, etc.
Phase 1: 2009-2012 – Four PILLARS
Working in Partnership with EU, national, regional and local authorities
Step by step approach - based on solid scientific and economic analysis
What are the actual and potential impacts of climate change in the sector?
What are the costs of action/inaction?
How can adaptation objectives be embedded into current EU instruments? Which additional measures should be proposed for action at EU level?
How do proposed measures impact upon and interact with policies at other levels and in other sectors?
Key areas: Water, Coastal & Marine, Agriculture, Health, Transport, Energy etc.
Develop guidelines and further Adaptation Strategies outlining the action required
Source: EEA, 2009; PEER, 2009
Adaptation measures, actions
Extended database of measures
IASG + WG Pillar 1
Contract Implementation phase 1
(Climate, Soils, Forest, Floods, Droughts)
Calls x projects
Other Projects and Platforms (see annex 1)
Shared Environmental Information System (SEIS)
Interoperable Delivery of European eGovernment Services (IDABC)
Generation of vulnerability assessments and indicators (EU or transnational level)
Meta-analysis of vulnerability assessments.
Database of adaptation measures
Tools for the impact assessment of adaptation measures