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JUMPSTART. Use your 4-block notes from yesterday about “Life in Texas” to complete the Section 1 quiz. You should have five FALSE statements corrected, and two TRUE. Critical Thinking is EXTRA CREDIT (which means you should do it! ). “The Changing Face of Texas”. JUMPSTART:

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Jumpstart
JUMPSTART

  • Use your 4-block notes from yesterday about “Life in Texas” to complete the Section 1 quiz.

  • You should have five FALSE statements corrected, and two TRUE.

  • Critical Thinking is EXTRA CREDIT (which means you should do it!)


The changing face of texas
“The Changing Face of Texas”

JUMPSTART:

  • Review pgs. 292 – 293.

  • Complete the Section 2 quiz, justifying answers.

  • Critical Thinking is EXTRA CREDIT, so DO IT! 


Let s review
Let’s Review

  • A slave or abolitionist is a person who is held as the property of another person.

  • A slave owner had to invest enough money to keep slaves healthy or alive.

  • Slavery was not as widespread in the northern or southern states.

  • Congress had to wait 20 years before it could make it illegal to import or own slaves.

  • The Missouri Compromise or Compromise of 1850 created the Fugitive Slave Act.


Let s review cont
Let’s Review cont.

6. A slave who escaped to a free state became free forever or did not become free.

7. A “necessary evil” is something we need or want but like or don’t like.

8. In 1846, the Supreme Court said black people were not slaves or citizens.

9. Abolitionists tried to keep slavery from spreading or ending.

10. Slaves counted as a whole or three-fifths of a person.


Wedges of separation
Wedges of Separation

  • TX annexation to U.S. meant national problems were now TX problems

  • Tensions increase over the issue of slavery

  • 2 biggest wedges between North and South

  • Slavery

  • States’ Rights

  • By 1861, ¾ of Texans want to secede, or formally withdraw from the U.S.


Slavery in texas
Slavery in Texas

  • Slaves had absolutely NO RIGHTS.

  • As population & economy grow, so does the slave population.

  • By 1860, 1/3 of TX population is enslaved.

  • Most Anglos did not own slaves, but supported the idea for Southern Economy.

  • Germans and Tejanos were STRONGLY against it.


Free african americans in tx
Free African Americans in TX

  • About 150 free African Americans in TX

  • Under Mexican rule, they had rights, but when statehood arrived, they lost them.

  • Most were farmers, but some were wealthy businessmen.

  • William Goyens & Aaron Ashworth

  • BOTH OWNED SLAVES!


Slavery in new u s territories
Slavery in New U.S. Territories

  • Compromise of 1850 solved some slavery disputes.

  • Others were still undecided.

  • Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854 introduced by Douglas would allow these areas to decide the issue.

  • Sen. Houston voted AGAINST it, while Sen. Rusk voted FOR it….Houston won’t be re-elected.

  • Bill passed anyways.


Political parties
Political Parties

  • Houston supported the Know-Nothings who were against Catholic immigrants to the U.S.

  • 2 parties in the U.S. – Democratic and Whig

  • Democrats – Farmers/Laborers (TEXAS!!!)

  • Whigs – Business growth


Houston s race for governor
Houston’s Race for Governor

  • Houston runs for Governor 1857 as an independent.

  • Wants Union to remain WHOLE w/out secession

  • Opponent – Hardin R. Runnels (OPPOSITE)

  • Out of touch – Lost election, but plans for 1859

  • 1859 – Frontier problems enable Houston to defeat Runnels

  • Houston is about to make life very difficult for Texans.


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