G-14: The Courts. The U.S. Supreme Court. Chapter 14- The Courts. (1). Examine roles of the Constitution & Congress in creating the Federal Courts.
The U.S. Supreme Court
(Both kinds of Jurisdiction*)
Appeals & others
Which Courts are Article
III & which are Article I?
State ?_________ Courts
US Circuit Courts
What happens when Judicial Review is taken to extreme?
Who serves on the Court?
The Characteristics of the Court
Different paths to taken the Supreme Court (Box 14-1)
Civil & Criminal
Roe v. Wade
G. W. Bush
Ginsburg & Breyer
Result: Narrow Rulings
Often 5 to 4 split
In 2008: 10,000
Compare with number actually heard by Supreme Court & lower courts
Writ of ?_________
Rule of ?_________
A Supreme Court order for a lower court to send it the records of a case–the first step in reviewing a lower court case
The Supreme Court rule that at least ?_____ justices must decide that a case merits a review before it goes on the Court's schedule
Literally, friend of the court. A brief filed with the court by a person or group who is not directly involved in the legal action but who has views on the matter.
*Doctrine that previous
Court Decision should
be allowed to ?_________
The document announcing and usually explaining the Supreme Court's decision in a case.
A statement from one or more Supreme Court justices agreeing with a decision in a case, but giving an alternative explanation for it.
A statement from one or more Supreme Court justices explaining why they disagree with a decision in a case.
The Court’s caseload has increased steadily to a current total of more than 10,000
cases on the docket per Term. The increase has been rapid in recent years. In 1960, only
2,313 cases were on the docket, and in 1945, only 1,460. Plenary review, with oral arguments
by attorneys, is granted in about 100 cases per Term.
Formal written opinions are delivered in 80 to 90 cases. Approximately 50 to 60 additional cases are disposed of without granting plenary review. The publication of a Term’s written opinions, including concurring opinions, dissenting opinions, and orders, approaches 5,000 pages. Some opinions are revised a dozen or more times before they are announced.
[The foregoing was taken from a booklet prepared by the Supreme Court of the United States,
and published with funding from the Supreme Court Historical Society.]