The future tense le futur
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The Future tense – Le futur. Talking about events in the future. Le Futur - introduction. In French, as in English, there are three ways to discuss the future Using the present tense with an adverb of time. e.g. ‘We meet tomorrow’

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The Future tense – Le futur

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The Future tense – Le futur

Talking about events in the future


Le Futur - introduction

  • In French, as in English, there are three ways to discuss the future

  • Using the present tense with an adverb of time. e.g. ‘We meet tomorrow’

  • Saying what we are going to do in the immediate future, for definite plans. e.g. ‘We are going to meet.’

  • Saying what we will do in the future, even if our plans are not definite.

    e.g. ‘We will meet’


1. Present + adverb of time

  • This is a form of the future used more in French than in English.

  • You must have

  • a present tense verb

  • an adverb of time

  • We are playing football tomorrow

  • Nous jouons au football demain

  • He is going on holiday next Tuesday

  • Il part en vacances mardi prochain.


Je joue au tennis demain.

Il parle à sa mère lundi prochain

Elle est occupée la semaine prochaine

I am staying at home tomorrow

He is eating at yours next Saturday

I am playing tennis tomorrow

He is speaking to his mother on Monday

She is busy next week

Je reste chez moi demain

Il mange chez toi samedi prochain

PracticeCan you translate the sentences on the left?


2. The immediate future

  • We use the immediate future to talk about future plans that are definitely going to happen

  • We can call this the ‘going to’ future

  • To form the going to future you need:

  • A subjecte.g. je

  • A part of the verb allere.g. vais

  • An infinitivee.g. manger

  • We can find infinitives in the …

    …DICTIONARY


Je

Tu

Il

Elle

Nous

Vous

Ils

Elles

vais

vas

va

va

allons

allez

vont

vont

The immediate future – 2To use this tense you must know the verb aller – to go off by heart!!


Je vais parler

Tu vas boire

Il va rester

Nous allons dormir

Vous allez rire

Ils vont aller

Elles vont jouer au basket

I am going to speak

You are going to drink

He is going to stay

We are going to sleep

You are going to laugh

They are going to go

They are going to play basketball

The immediate future – practiceCan you translate the sentences into English?


I am going to swim

You are going to win

He is going to leave

She is going to go out

We are going to lose (perdre)

They (men) are going to ask

Je vais nager

Tu vas gagner

Il va partir

Elle va sortir

Nous allons perdre

Ils vont demander

Practise -2Can you translate into French?


Le futur – The Future tense

  • The third way to talk about the future expresses what we will do in the future. It is less definite.

  • The tense is easy to form. It uses infinitives of verbs and adds some special endings

  • There are, however, some important exceptions!!


Le futur – formation

  • For –er and –ir infinitives you need only add the correct ending.

  • For –re verbs you must take off the –e and add the same endings onto the -r


Jeparler

Tuparler

Il/Elle/Onparler

Nousparler

Vousparler

Ils/Ellesparler

These sentences translate as … will speak

ai

as

a

ons

ez

ont

-er, -ir and –re verbs


Exceptions to the rule!

  • Although the endings stay the same, you need to learn different stems for some useful verbs.

  • There is no rule, they need simply to be learned!


allerto go

avoirto have

êtreto be

faireto do

savoirto know

devoirto have to

pouvoirto be able to

ir-e.g. J’irai

aur-e.g. J’aurai

ser-e.g. Je serai

fer-e.g. Je ferai

saur-e.g. Je saurai

devr-e.g. Je devrai

pourr-e.g. Je pourrai

Exceptions


Je sortirai

Tu choisiras

Il mangera

Elle jouera

Nous prendrons

Vous attendrez

Ils sauront

Elles feront

I will go out

You will choose

He will eat

She will play

We will take

You will wait

They will know

They will do

Practice – Translate the following sentences


I will win (gagner)

You will dance

He will finish

She will leave

We will drink

You will say

They (men) will be

They (women) will have

Je gagnerai

Tu danseras

Il finira

Elle partira

Nous boirons

Vous direz

Ils seront

Elles auront

Practice – 2 Translate the following sentences


Je joue au cricket demain

Il va aller en France

Nous ferons nos devoirs

Vous mangerez des frites?

Ils vont rester chez moi

I am playing cricket tomorrow

He is going to go to France

We will do our homework

Will you eat the chips?

They are going to stay at my house

The Future – PracticeNow try and translate the following sentences.


I am going to drink

Are you (a friend) swimming tomorrow?

She will play

We will like

They (men) are going to go to town

Je vais boire

Tu nages demain?

Elle jouera

Nous aimerons

Ils vont aller en ville

CONGRATULATIONS – YOU CAN NOW TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE IN FRENCH!!

Practice - continued


Le futur!

  • jejouermangeras

  • tuontregarderboire

  • lireairesternous

  • ferirseraur

  • vousilaons

  • ilsparlerécouterelles

  • ezelledansernager

  • finirchoisirtravaillerporter


Just a small point!

  • The conditional which translates as ‘would’ can be formed very simply when you know the future tense!

  • Instead of adding the future endings, just add the imperfect endings

  • Je jouerais = I would play

  • Il ferait = He would do

  • Easy isn’t it!


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