Family functions and forms
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Family Functions and Forms. Grade 12 Family Studies. What is a Family?. The Vanier Institute of the Family defines “family” as:

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Family Functions and Forms

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Family functions and forms

Family Functions and Forms

Grade 12 Family Studies

What is a family

What is a Family?

The Vanier Institute of the Family defines “family” as:

  • Any combination of two or more persons who are bound together over time by ties of mutual consent, birth and/or adoption or placement and who, together, assume responsibilities for variant combinations of some of the following …”

Family functions

Family Functions

  • Addition of new members through procreation or adoption

    • Society has to maintain itself to survive

    • Population growth = increased wealth

  • Physical maintenance and care of group members

    • Including adults, children, dependent elderly members

    • If families don’t care for their members society must be organized to replace the family

  • Socialization of children

    • Teach skills, knowledge, values and grow into well adjusted adults.

Family functions1

Family Functions

  • Social control of members

    • Control behavior and maintain order in society

    • Monitor and evaluate behavior and provide feedback  protects reputation within society

  • Affective nurturance — love

    • Meeting emotional needs, Maintaining morale, participating in society,

  • Production, consumption, distribution of goods and services

    • Earn income

Family forms

Family Forms

  • Families can take on a number of different forms.

  • Dual Career Family

    • Two parents with offspring living in a common household where both parents work.

    • Strengths

      • Good income  Higher quality of life

      • Shared household tasks and responsibilities

    • Weaknesses

      • Dependence on outside support for childcare, meal preparation, etc.

      • May cause disharmony due to activities and ambitions of both partners.

Family forms1

Family Forms

  • Single Parent Family

    • One parent with children under 18 years old

      • Strengths

        • Greater self-expression (parent is only accountable to the children and not a partner)

        • More stable home environment (if there was previously hostility or abuse)

        • Opens door for children to seek positive role models outside home

      • Weaknesses

        • Need for support systems

        • Strained finances

        • Jeopardized parent role (socialization  peers)

Family forms2

Family Forms

  • Single Career Family

    • Two parents with offspring living in a common household where one person is the financial provider.

      • Strengths

        • Primary source of socialization is by parent(s)

        • Fits demands of corporate jobs asking employees to travel, work long hours, evenings, etc.

      • Weaknesses

        • Difficult to maintain middle class quality of life financially

Family forms3

Family Forms

  • Remarried Nuclear Family (Blended Family)

    • Two parents and offspring from previous marriage living in a common household.

      • Strengths

        • Encourages shared parenting (may have been single parent prior)

        • Improves economic status

      • Weaknesses

        • Can be stressful blending two independent households together

        • May need economic help, counselling

        • Previous relationship commitments (economic and social)

Family forms4

Family Forms

  • Extended Family

    • Family includes members of different generations living in the same household (grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, other relatives)

      • Strengths

        • Maintains family values  generation to generation

        • Lots of adults to fill socialization and household responsibilities

      • Weaknesses

        • Harder to move with more people in family

Family forms5

Family Forms

  • Experimental Family

    • Consists of individuals in multi-adult households (communes) or cohabitating.

      • Strengths

        • Many individuals to support individual needs  good for people in transition

        • Allows people not ready to commit to long-term relationships to share economic and social resources

      • Weaknesses

        • Tends to lack clearly defined responsibilities

Modern family

Modern Family

  • We will be watching an episode of the TV program “Modern Family”.

  • Use your notes from today’s class and the class on “Marital roles” in order to answer the questions about the show.


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