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Family Functions and Forms. Grade 12 Family Studies. What is a Family?. The Vanier Institute of the Family defines “family” as:

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family functions and forms

Family Functions and Forms

Grade 12 Family Studies

what is a family
What is a Family?

The Vanier Institute of the Family defines “family” as:

  • Any combination of two or more persons who are bound together over time by ties of mutual consent, birth and/or adoption or placement and who, together, assume responsibilities for variant combinations of some of the following …”
family functions
Family Functions
  • Addition of new members through procreation or adoption
    • Society has to maintain itself to survive
    • Population growth = increased wealth
  • Physical maintenance and care of group members
    • Including adults, children, dependent elderly members
    • If families don’t care for their members society must be organized to replace the family
  • Socialization of children
    • Teach skills, knowledge, values and grow into well adjusted adults.
family functions1
Family Functions
  • Social control of members
    • Control behavior and maintain order in society
    • Monitor and evaluate behavior and provide feedback  protects reputation within society
  • Affective nurturance — love
    • Meeting emotional needs, Maintaining morale, participating in society,
  • Production, consumption, distribution of goods and services
    • Earn income
family forms
Family Forms
  • Families can take on a number of different forms.
  • Dual Career Family
    • Two parents with offspring living in a common household where both parents work.
    • Strengths
      • Good income  Higher quality of life
      • Shared household tasks and responsibilities
    • Weaknesses
      • Dependence on outside support for childcare, meal preparation, etc.
      • May cause disharmony due to activities and ambitions of both partners.
family forms1
Family Forms
  • Single Parent Family
    • One parent with children under 18 years old
      • Strengths
        • Greater self-expression (parent is only accountable to the children and not a partner)
        • More stable home environment (if there was previously hostility or abuse)
        • Opens door for children to seek positive role models outside home
      • Weaknesses
        • Need for support systems
        • Strained finances
        • Jeopardized parent role (socialization  peers)
family forms2
Family Forms
  • Single Career Family
    • Two parents with offspring living in a common household where one person is the financial provider.
      • Strengths
        • Primary source of socialization is by parent(s)
        • Fits demands of corporate jobs asking employees to travel, work long hours, evenings, etc.
      • Weaknesses
        • Difficult to maintain middle class quality of life financially
family forms3
Family Forms
  • Remarried Nuclear Family (Blended Family)
    • Two parents and offspring from previous marriage living in a common household.
      • Strengths
        • Encourages shared parenting (may have been single parent prior)
        • Improves economic status
      • Weaknesses
        • Can be stressful blending two independent households together
        • May need economic help, counselling
        • Previous relationship commitments (economic and social)
family forms4
Family Forms
  • Extended Family
    • Family includes members of different generations living in the same household (grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, other relatives)
      • Strengths
        • Maintains family values  generation to generation
        • Lots of adults to fill socialization and household responsibilities
      • Weaknesses
        • Harder to move with more people in family
family forms5
Family Forms
  • Experimental Family
    • Consists of individuals in multi-adult households (communes) or cohabitating.
      • Strengths
        • Many individuals to support individual needs  good for people in transition
        • Allows people not ready to commit to long-term relationships to share economic and social resources
      • Weaknesses
        • Tends to lack clearly defined responsibilities
modern family
Modern Family
  • We will be watching an episode of the TV program “Modern Family”.
  • Use your notes from today’s class and the class on “Marital roles” in order to answer the questions about the show.