Family Functions and Forms. Grade 12 Family Studies. What is a Family?. The Vanier Institute of the Family defines “family” as:
Family Functions and Forms
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The Vanier Institute of the Family defines “family” as:
Any combination of two or more persons who are bound together over time by ties of mutual consent, birth and/or adoption or placement and who, together, assume responsibilities for variant combinations of some of the following …”
Addition of new members through procreation or adoption
Society has to maintain itself to survive
Population growth = increased wealth
Physical maintenance and care of group members
Including adults, children, dependent elderly members
If families don’t care for their members society must be organized to replace the family
Socialization of children
Teach skills, knowledge, values and grow into well adjusted adults.
Social control of members
Control behavior and maintain order in society
Monitor and evaluate behavior and provide feedback protects reputation within society
Affective nurturance — love
Meeting emotional needs, Maintaining morale, participating in society,
Production, consumption, distribution of goods and services
Families can take on a number of different forms.
Dual Career Family
Two parents with offspring living in a common household where both parents work.
Good income Higher quality of life
Shared household tasks and responsibilities
Dependence on outside support for childcare, meal preparation, etc.
May cause disharmony due to activities and ambitions of both partners.
Single Parent Family
One parent with children under 18 years old
Greater self-expression (parent is only accountable to the children and not a partner)
More stable home environment (if there was previously hostility or abuse)
Opens door for children to seek positive role models outside home
Need for support systems
Jeopardized parent role (socialization peers)
Single Career Family
Two parents with offspring living in a common household where one person is the financial provider.
Primary source of socialization is by parent(s)
Fits demands of corporate jobs asking employees to travel, work long hours, evenings, etc.
Difficult to maintain middle class quality of life financially
Remarried Nuclear Family (Blended Family)
Two parents and offspring from previous marriage living in a common household.
Encourages shared parenting (may have been single parent prior)
Improves economic status
Can be stressful blending two independent households together
May need economic help, counselling
Previous relationship commitments (economic and social)
Family includes members of different generations living in the same household (grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, other relatives)
Maintains family values generation to generation
Lots of adults to fill socialization and household responsibilities
Harder to move with more people in family
Consists of individuals in multi-adult households (communes) or cohabitating.
Many individuals to support individual needs good for people in transition
Allows people not ready to commit to long-term relationships to share economic and social resources
Tends to lack clearly defined responsibilities
We will be watching an episode of the TV program “Modern Family”.
Use your notes from today’s class and the class on “Marital roles” in order to answer the questions about the show.