Ch 30 Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery Review 1. What are the three classifications of burns? . First-degree burn Second-degree burn Third-degree burn. What are the characteristics of a First-Degree Burn?.
A burn that involves the epidermis only (e.g., sunburn); it is referred to as a partial-thickness burn. This type of burn heals within a few days without treatment.
Damage occurs to both the epidermis and the dermis; this also is referred to as a partial-thickness burn. It heals within a few weeks with topical treatment.
This may be an electrical, chemical, or thermal burn. It results in permanent damage to the skin and underlying tissues; it is referred to as a full-thickness burn. These burns require debridement and skin grafting to maintain skin integrity.
For diseased or traumatized tissue to heal, all devitalized or infected areas must be removed. Damaged or dead cells prevent the formation of fibrin, collagen, and other matrix tissue that binds the healing tissues. The process of removing the diseased, damaged, or infected tissue is called debridement.