Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam
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Supports to Develop Rubber Smallholders in Vietnam. Conference on “Lessons learnt from support programs to smallholder rubber plantations” Phnom Penh, 24 June 2009. Dr. TRAN Thi Thuy HOA Secretary General The Vietnam Rubber Association. Overview of NR Development in Vietnam.

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Supports to Develop Rubber Smallholders in Vietnam

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Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam

Supports to Develop Rubber Smallholders in Vietnam

Conference on “Lessons learnt from support programs to smallholder rubber plantations”Phnom Penh,24June 2009

Dr. TRAN Thi Thuy HOA

Secretary General

The Vietnam Rubber Association


Overview of nr development in vietnam

Overview of NR Development in Vietnam


Current situation of nr producing in vietnam

Current Situation of NR Producing in Vietnam

  • NR: 3rd largest exported agricultural commodity behind rice and coffee in Vietnam.

  • Vietnam: the 4th NR largest exporter in the world.

  • In 2008:

    - NR Export: 619,300 tons = US$ 1.6 billion

    2.5% of Vietnam total export turnover

    - Rubber planted area: 618,600 ha

    - NR Production: 662,900 tons

    - NR Yield: 1661 kg/ha


Area and production of rubber tree in vietnam 2008

Area and Production of rubber tree in Vietnam, 2008

NORTHWEST: 4,730 ha (0.8%)

COASTAL REGION: 62,034 ha (10%)

1,178 kg/ha / 28,517 tons (4.3%)

HIGHLANDS: 154,226ha (24.9 %)

1,343 kg/ha / 118,661 tons (17.9%)

SOUTHEAST: 397,610 ha (64.3%)

1789 kg/ha / 515,723 tons (77.8%)

TOTAL: 518,600 ha

662,900 tons


Trend of rubber area and production in vietnam 1976 2008

Trend of Rubber Area and Production in Vietnam, 1976 - 2008

2008: 618,600 ha/ 662,900 tons

2000: 412,000 ha/ 290,800 tons

1990: 221,700 ha/ 57,900 tons

1980: 87,700 ha/ 41,100 tons

Source: VN General Statistics Office, compiled by VRA


Trend of nr productivity in vietnam 1980 2008

Trend of NR productivity in Vietnam1980-2008

2008: 1661 kg/ha

Source: VN General Statistics Office, compiled by VRA


Area production and yield of rubber plantations in vietnam 2006 2008

Area, Production and Yield ofrubber plantations in Vietnam, 2006-2008

Source: VN General Statistics Office, compiled by VRA


Overview of rubber smallholding development in vietnam

Overview of Rubber Smallholding Development in Vietnam


Historically development of rubber smallholding in vietnam

Historically Development of Rubber Smallholding in Vietnam

  • Before 1975: Self-Investment of farmers for smallholder rubber plantations.

  • Since 1990: Government’ Policy has encouraged to develop rubber smallholder plantations under the Reforestation Project 327 and other Projects of Provinces (Daklak, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue...)

  • 1996: Starting Extension Program carried out by RRIV (Rubber Research Institute of Vietnam) under the fund of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.


Historically development of rubber smallholders in vietnam

Historically Development of Rubber Smallholders in Vietnam

  • 1998 – 2006: The Agricultural Diversification Project under the long-term credit of WB and AFD to develop 30,000 ha of new planting and 17,000 ha of rehabilitation for rubber smallholders (phase 1):

    • VRG (Vietnam Rubber Group or Geruco): Technical Assistance: Rubber Experts for 9 province, providing planting material.

    • RRIV: Research for Rubber Smallholders: testing and recommending clones and techniques, inspection of planting material.


Historically development of rubber smallholders in vietnam1

Historically Development of Rubber Smallholders in Vietnam

  • Since 2007: Vietnam Rubber Group (VRG) has established joint-stock companies in the Northeast with farmers who contribute in land and labors. Companies ensure finance, materials, technical assistance, processing and marketing.

  • 2008: Feasibility Study for Rubber Smallholder Rubber Development under the long-term AFD (phase 2).


Area of rubber smallholding and estates in vietnam 1995 2008 ha

Area of Rubber Smallholding and Estates in Vietnam, 1995-2008 (ha)

Source: Provincial Dept of Agriculture and Rural Development, compiled by VRA


Trend of development on rubber smallholding and estates in vietnam 2006 2008

Trend of Development on Rubber Smallholding and Estates in Vietnam, 2006-2008

42.7%

45.6%

47.7%

32.2%

36.2%

38.2%

Source: Provincial Dept of Agriculture and Rural Development, compiled by VRA


Area production and yield of rubber smallholding plantations by region in vietnam 2008

Area, production and yield of Rubber Smallholding Plantations by region in Vietnam, 2008

Source: Provincial Dept of Agriculture and Rural Development, compiled by VRA


Area production and yield of rubber smallholding plantations in some provinces of vietnam 2008

Area, Production and Yield of Rubber Smallholding Plantations in some Provinces of Vietnam, 2008


Distribution of rubber plantations according to size 2001 and 2006

Distribution of rubber plantations according to size, 2001 and 2006

Source: Vietnam General Statistics Office, compiled by VRA


Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam

Managing and Supporting

Rubber Smallholding

  • Individual rubber smallholders

    • Self-investment

    • Extension program provided by RRIV under the fund of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

    • Voluntary Cooperatives by farmers

    • Experience from close state-owned rubber companies

  • Organized rubber smallholders

    • Long-term loan and technical assistance of rubber companies (Dak Lak Province)

    • Long-term loan and technical assistance of WB and AFD Project (Highlands and Coastal areas, 1998-2006, 30.000 ha of new planting and 17,000 ha of rehabilitation)


2004 2005 planting recommendation for rubber smallholders by rriv

2004-2005 Planting Recommendation for Rubber Smallholders by RRIV


Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam

Intercrops (groundnut) in Rubber Smallholding Plantations


Intercrops groundnut and pineapple in rubber smallholding plantations

Intercrops (groundnut and pineapple) in Rubber Smallholding Plantations


Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam

Intercrops (upland rice) in Rubber Smallholding Plantations


Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam

Intercropping combined with no-tillage technique

Intercropping combined with no-tillage technique on hilly land


About the vietnam rubber association vra

Aboutthe Vietnam Rubber Association (VRA)


Roles of vra

ROLES of VRA

  • VRA has operated in national scale since the end of 2004.

  • VRA is a voluntary organization and legal entity which represents enterprises and organizations related to the rubber industry in Vietnam.


Main objectives of vra

Main Objectives of VRA

  • Support and Protection of Members’ Rights and Interests

  • Trade and Development Promotion for the Vietnam Rubber Industry

  • Providing information on rubber market and development

  • Representative of Members in Coordination with Government Institutions and Supporting Organizations in Vietnam

  • Representative of Members in Coordination with Rubber International Organizations


Recent support activities of vra and vrg for rubber smallholding development

Recent Support Activities of VRA and VRG for Rubber Smallholding Development


Participating of vra in the conference to improve the capacity of rubber smallholder plantations

Participating of VRA in the Conference to improve the capacity of rubber smallholder plantations


Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam

Recent Support Activities of VRA and VRG for Rubber Smallholding Development: Feasibility Study for phase 2008-2013


Supports to develop rubber smallholders in vietnam

  • Participating in 2008 Feasibility Study for the Smallholder Rubber Development Project sponsored by AFD (phase 2 of Agricultural Diversification Project, 2008-2013)


Introduction of rubber technical books for planters

Introduction of Rubber Technical Books for Planters


Proposed activities of vra to support rubber smallholders

Proposed Activities of VRA to support rubber smallholders

  • Inform the policy and regulations of Government to develop NR industry and rubber smallholder plantations.

  • Provide information on advanced techniques and suitable planting material.

  • Notify NR prices on local and international market.

    (Through the VRA’s website, distribution of books and leaflets of relevant organizations)

  • …..


Proposed activities of vra to support rubber smallholders1

Proposed Activities of VRA to support rubber smallholders

  • …..

  • Encourage to establish and strengthen cooperatives of small processors and farmers.

  • Organize and support visits and seminars for farmers to learn experiences of rubber cultivation.

  • Recommend members to buy NR from farmers for stockpiling in case of too low prices or strongly declined demand to help farmers’ income.


Proposed activities of vrg to support rubber smallholders

Proposed Activities of VRG to support rubber smallholders

  • Provide high quality planting material.

  • Train technical practices such as tapping at the Rubber Industry College.

  • Buy rubber from farmers (field latex and coagulum) with competitive prices to process and export.

  • Establish joint-stock companies where farmers are shareholders and contribute in land and labors, VRG’ members ensure finance, materials, technical assistance, processing and marketing.

  • Buy rubber from farmers for stockpiling in case of too low prices or strongly declined demand to help farmers’ income.


Thank you for your attention

Thank you for your attention

Presentation compiled by VRA and VRG


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