DR.K.S.MANJA
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 27

DR.K.S.MANJA Visiting Professor Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair University Of Mysore PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 189 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

DR.K.S.MANJA Visiting Professor Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair University Of Mysore. Psychological Ethics Economic Ethics Social Ethics Animal Ethics Social Literacy Technological Literacy Scientifically Right Ethically Wrong Laboratory Ethics Sink testing.

Download Presentation

DR.K.S.MANJA Visiting Professor Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair University Of Mysore

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


DR.K.S.MANJA

Visiting Professor

Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair

University Of Mysore


  • Psychological Ethics

  • Economic Ethics

  • Social Ethics

  • Animal Ethics

  • Social Literacy

  • Technological Literacy

  • Scientifically Right

  • Ethically Wrong

  • Laboratory Ethics

  • Sink testing


  • Group antagonistic to BT

  • Alter Consumer Perception of facts

  • Gap in scientific and religious group

  • Fear of unknown

  • Risk communication

  • Regulatory bodies- FDA, FSSA

  • Unreasonable demands

  • Impediment to Food BT

  • Is it ethically right

  • Legality ?


  • Food Biotech Industry

  • Advancement in Science

  • Govt. regulations

  • Consumer resistance : Eu, Japan ---- US

  • Religious group

  • GM Food 28/2/00

  • Edinburgh. Tony Blair

  • Protest group


BT – Sweet Protein

  • Monellin

  • Thaumatin

  • Pentadin

  • Curculin – clone

  • Miraculin – clone

  • 1600 – 3000 times sweeter

  • Disulfide bridge

  • Heat stability

  • Aspartame -Asp& Phy.Alenine

  • Thermo -stable amylases


  • Gene Com

  • PFIZER

  • MICROBIAL RENNINS

  • Microbial flavours

  • Coconut flavour - T. viride

  • Plant tissue culture for safron


Allergens in GM Foods

  • Soya bean - Metheonine

  • Brazil nut

  • Consumer perception

  • Not equivalent to native crops

  • Psychological ethics

  • Milk

  • Nuts

  • Variety of vegetables


Ethical Aspects

  • Dietary laws

  • Muslim

  • Jews

  • Hindus

  • Vegans

  • Halal

  • Kosher

  • Veg (True / Lacto)


Muslim foods

  • Humane way

  • Name of Allah

  • Mixing permitted

  • Prohibited

  • Haram

  • Dead

  • Porcine / Swine

  • Blood

  • Other Gods (Carnivorous)


Ethnic Group

  • Kosher - Jews

  • Four genders

  • Meat

  • Dairy (Cannot be mixed)

  • Neutral (other animals)

  • None of the above

  • Different laws for fasting

  • Fermentation (No mixture)

  • Kosher certification


  • Bone China

  • Clothe

  • Pot

  • Prohibited

  • Holiday fast: Wheat, Oat, Rye

  • Prohibited grains

  • Insertion of genes from prohibited grains

  • A warning to BT

  • Products cannot be sold

  • BT are doing unethical for then ?


  • Porcine Somatotrophins - No

  • Non bovine rennet - cheese

  • Microbial rennins - yes

  • Jews - Porcine lipase. Cheese - yes

  • Transgenic Products

  • Prohibited mixtures

  • Mules prohibited

  • Bovine genes - vegans ?

  • BST (sheep, goat) - Hindu


Int. Food Biotech Council

  • Sources of allergens (Ig E)

  • Milk

  • Fish

  • Egg

  • Wheat

  • 160 other food crops

  • Unknown allergic potential

  • Skin prick test

  • Double blind Placebo trial

  • Non food source (gene)

  • Eg. Bacillus


Ethics of labelling

  • To be labelled or not

  • Pesticide residue

  • Relevant and unstandable

  • Curds with 108 cfu/g (microbes)

  • Sugar with 105 /g (spores)

  • Milk powder / ice cream

  • 90 coliforms/g (intestinal germs)

  • Sambar powder with 107/g

  • Virus and drug resistant genes

  • 10 Rat hairs in one kg rice


  • Consumer confidence

  • Right of choice

  • Fear of consequence

  • Things to hide

  • Consumer activist orgn.

  • Campaign of suppression

  • Industry resistance

  • Religious and other groups

  • Codex alimentarius


Increasing litigation

  • Garibaldi, Australia

  • Criminal charges of murder

  • Time spent by biotechnologists

  • Courts

  • Police

  • Lawyers

  • Look beyond your boundaries

  • Not science alone - ethics also


Economic ethics

  • “Terminator gene technology”

  • “Gene protection technology”

  • Ribosome Inhibitor Protein

  • Formers

  • Ecological/ Social responsibility

  • Monsanto/Soft milling

  • Seed ownership/dictatorship

  • Bollgard technology

  • Food fascism

  • Second generation is skilled

  • Indian scenario - Ethics

  • Private ownership - Life forms


  • Spreading infertility ?

  • Dominance of giant companies

  • Industrial mergers

  • Killing new technologies

  • Patent act 1970 -1999. Amendments

  • TT no agronomic advantage

  • Greater Profit

  • Verminator - No spouting before harvest

  • Poineer

  • Monsanto

  • Novartis


  • Monsanto swallowed Ten companies in the last decade

  • Money power - BT

  • Kellogs Breakfast

  • MAHYCO - Monsanto (24 times)

  • Legally right

  • Ethically ?

  • Exchange saved seeds

  • Scientist - Social sensitivity


Social ethics

  • Test tube baby

  • Stem cell therapy

  • Social matrix

  • Human milk from animal source

  • Human Growth Hormone

  • Gene products across the barrier of species and Sex


Tissue engineering

  • Small arteries from swine

  • Cornea, Liver

  • Swine stem cell ?

  • Biomaterials for drug delivery

  • Swine heart ?

  • Surgery Trg - Johnson & Johnson

  • Heart valve

  • Cornea

  • Swine flue


BT and Biological warfare

  • 1972 BW Convention

  • BWTC

  • Genetically modified pathogens

  • Deliberate contamination

  • Plant pathogens

  • Rabbit - Myxomatosis in Australia

  • Drug resistant strains

  • Great Briton – Gruniard Island

  • Anthrax spores

  • Took 80 years to decontaminate


Laboratory Ethics

  • Oregon in USA 1984

  • Rajaneeshpuram

  • S. typhimurium

  • Political gain

  • Disgruntled employees

  • Texas medical lab 1996

  • Shigella - Bacillary dysentery


Animal Ethics - Biotechproducts

  • It is unethical to expose - “Unconsenting

    creatures to harm when the benefit is for others”

  • How successful are animal expt. ?

  • Thalidomide - Teratogeny

  • Eraldin - Blindness

  • Mexafom - Optic nerve

  • Drugs withdrawn

  • Opren, Zomax, Ibufenaeetc


Legal aspects

  • Rules for hazardous microbes / Genetically

    eng. Microbes 1989. Min. Environ. Forestry

  • Recombinant DNA safety guidelines and

    regulations DBT, Min. Sci. Tecnhnol.

  • Labeling of GM products - codex

  • Food Safety and Standards 2005

  • Min. Food Proc. Industry


  • Social literary for Scientists

  • Science and technological literacy for society

  • As the politics is imbibed in the society

  • Science should be imbibed in the same way


Thanks : UGC

University of Mysore

Dept. of Microbiology


  • Login