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DR.K.S.MANJA Visiting Professor Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair University Of Mysore PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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DR.K.S.MANJA Visiting Professor Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair University Of Mysore. Psychological Ethics Economic Ethics Social Ethics Animal Ethics Social Literacy Technological Literacy Scientifically Right Ethically Wrong Laboratory Ethics Sink testing.

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DR.K.S.MANJA Visiting Professor Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair University Of Mysore

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Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

DR.K.S.MANJA

Visiting Professor

Sir.M.Visvesvaraya Chair

University Of Mysore


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Psychological Ethics

  • Economic Ethics

  • Social Ethics

  • Animal Ethics

  • Social Literacy

  • Technological Literacy

  • Scientifically Right

  • Ethically Wrong

  • Laboratory Ethics

  • Sink testing


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Group antagonistic to BT

  • Alter Consumer Perception of facts

  • Gap in scientific and religious group

  • Fear of unknown

  • Risk communication

  • Regulatory bodies- FDA, FSSA

  • Unreasonable demands

  • Impediment to Food BT

  • Is it ethically right

  • Legality ?


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Food Biotech Industry

  • Advancement in Science

  • Govt. regulations

  • Consumer resistance : Eu, Japan ---- US

  • Religious group

  • GM Food 28/2/00

  • Edinburgh. Tony Blair

  • Protest group


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

BT – Sweet Protein

  • Monellin

  • Thaumatin

  • Pentadin

  • Curculin – clone

  • Miraculin – clone

  • 1600 – 3000 times sweeter

  • Disulfide bridge

  • Heat stability

  • Aspartame -Asp& Phy.Alenine

  • Thermo -stable amylases


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Gene Com

  • PFIZER

  • MICROBIAL RENNINS

  • Microbial flavours

  • Coconut flavour - T. viride

  • Plant tissue culture for safron


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Allergens in GM Foods

  • Soya bean - Metheonine

  • Brazil nut

  • Consumer perception

  • Not equivalent to native crops

  • Psychological ethics

  • Milk

  • Nuts

  • Variety of vegetables


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Ethical Aspects

  • Dietary laws

  • Muslim

  • Jews

  • Hindus

  • Vegans

  • Halal

  • Kosher

  • Veg (True / Lacto)


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Muslim foods

  • Humane way

  • Name of Allah

  • Mixing permitted

  • Prohibited

  • Haram

  • Dead

  • Porcine / Swine

  • Blood

  • Other Gods (Carnivorous)


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Ethnic Group

  • Kosher - Jews

  • Four genders

  • Meat

  • Dairy (Cannot be mixed)

  • Neutral (other animals)

  • None of the above

  • Different laws for fasting

  • Fermentation (No mixture)

  • Kosher certification


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Bone China

  • Clothe

  • Pot

  • Prohibited

  • Holiday fast: Wheat, Oat, Rye

  • Prohibited grains

  • Insertion of genes from prohibited grains

  • A warning to BT

  • Products cannot be sold

  • BT are doing unethical for then ?


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Porcine Somatotrophins - No

  • Non bovine rennet - cheese

  • Microbial rennins - yes

  • Jews - Porcine lipase. Cheese - yes

  • Transgenic Products

  • Prohibited mixtures

  • Mules prohibited

  • Bovine genes - vegans ?

  • BST (sheep, goat) - Hindu


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Int. Food Biotech Council

  • Sources of allergens (Ig E)

  • Milk

  • Fish

  • Egg

  • Wheat

  • 160 other food crops

  • Unknown allergic potential

  • Skin prick test

  • Double blind Placebo trial

  • Non food source (gene)

  • Eg. Bacillus


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Ethics of labelling

  • To be labelled or not

  • Pesticide residue

  • Relevant and unstandable

  • Curds with 108 cfu/g (microbes)

  • Sugar with 105 /g (spores)

  • Milk powder / ice cream

  • 90 coliforms/g (intestinal germs)

  • Sambar powder with 107/g

  • Virus and drug resistant genes

  • 10 Rat hairs in one kg rice


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Consumer confidence

  • Right of choice

  • Fear of consequence

  • Things to hide

  • Consumer activist orgn.

  • Campaign of suppression

  • Industry resistance

  • Religious and other groups

  • Codex alimentarius


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Increasing litigation

  • Garibaldi, Australia

  • Criminal charges of murder

  • Time spent by biotechnologists

  • Courts

  • Police

  • Lawyers

  • Look beyond your boundaries

  • Not science alone - ethics also


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Economic ethics

  • “Terminator gene technology”

  • “Gene protection technology”

  • Ribosome Inhibitor Protein

  • Formers

  • Ecological/ Social responsibility

  • Monsanto/Soft milling

  • Seed ownership/dictatorship

  • Bollgard technology

  • Food fascism

  • Second generation is skilled

  • Indian scenario - Ethics

  • Private ownership - Life forms


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Spreading infertility ?

  • Dominance of giant companies

  • Industrial mergers

  • Killing new technologies

  • Patent act 1970 -1999. Amendments

  • TT no agronomic advantage

  • Greater Profit

  • Verminator - No spouting before harvest

  • Poineer

  • Monsanto

  • Novartis


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Monsanto swallowed Ten companies in the last decade

  • Money power - BT

  • Kellogs Breakfast

  • MAHYCO - Monsanto (24 times)

  • Legally right

  • Ethically ?

  • Exchange saved seeds

  • Scientist - Social sensitivity


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Social ethics

  • Test tube baby

  • Stem cell therapy

  • Social matrix

  • Human milk from animal source

  • Human Growth Hormone

  • Gene products across the barrier of species and Sex


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Tissue engineering

  • Small arteries from swine

  • Cornea, Liver

  • Swine stem cell ?

  • Biomaterials for drug delivery

  • Swine heart ?

  • Surgery Trg - Johnson & Johnson

  • Heart valve

  • Cornea

  • Swine flue


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

BT and Biological warfare

  • 1972 BW Convention

  • BWTC

  • Genetically modified pathogens

  • Deliberate contamination

  • Plant pathogens

  • Rabbit - Myxomatosis in Australia

  • Drug resistant strains

  • Great Briton – Gruniard Island

  • Anthrax spores

  • Took 80 years to decontaminate


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Laboratory Ethics

  • Oregon in USA 1984

  • Rajaneeshpuram

  • S. typhimurium

  • Political gain

  • Disgruntled employees

  • Texas medical lab 1996

  • Shigella - Bacillary dysentery


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Animal Ethics - Biotechproducts

  • It is unethical to expose - “Unconsenting

    creatures to harm when the benefit is for others”

  • How successful are animal expt. ?

  • Thalidomide - Teratogeny

  • Eraldin - Blindness

  • Mexafom - Optic nerve

  • Drugs withdrawn

  • Opren, Zomax, Ibufenaeetc


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Legal aspects

  • Rules for hazardous microbes / Genetically

    eng. Microbes 1989. Min. Environ. Forestry

  • Recombinant DNA safety guidelines and

    regulations DBT, Min. Sci. Tecnhnol.

  • Labeling of GM products - codex

  • Food Safety and Standards 2005

  • Min. Food Proc. Industry


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

  • Social literary for Scientists

  • Science and technological literacy for society

  • As the politics is imbibed in the society

  • Science should be imbibed in the same way


Dr k s manja visiting professor sir m visvesvaraya chair university of mysore

Thanks : UGC

University of Mysore

Dept. of Microbiology


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