Lecture 3: Shared Workspace and Design Coordination. Dr. Xiangyu WANG. The concept of Shared Workspace. A space for working is a prerequisite for work (both individual and cooperative)
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Endsley (1995) focuses more on the process, proposing a three stage definition:
Level 1: perception of relevant elements of the environment. An actor must first be able to gather perceptual information from the environment, and be able to selectively attend to those elements that are most relevant for the task at hand.
Level 2: comprehension of those elements. An actor must be able to integrate the incoming perceptual information with existing knowledge, and make sense of the information in light of the current situation.
Level 3: prediction of the states of those elements in the near future. To perform well in a situation, an actor must also be able to anticipate changes to the environment and be able to predict how incoming information will change.