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Classification . How many species???. Each year, researchers report more than 15,000 new species They estimate there are 8.7 million species on the planet, plus or minus 1.3 million. Taxonomy.

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Presentation Transcript
how many species
How many species???
  • Each year, researchers report more than 15,000 new species
  • They estimate there are 8.7 million species on the planet, plus or minus 1.3 million
taxonomy
Taxonomy
  • Branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their different characteristics.
the diversity of life has unity
The Diversity of Life has Unity
  • All living things have cell
  • All living things have DNA or RNA
rules of binomial nomenclature
Rules of Binomial Nomenclature

Genus

  • First Word
  • Capitalized
  • Underlined or italicized
  • Ex. Acer or Acer
rules of binomial nomenclature1
Rules of Binomial Nomenclature

Specific Epithet (species)

  • Second Word
  • Lower case
  • Underline or italicized
  • Ex. lubricoides or lubricoides
examples
Examples
  • Homo sapiens
  • Homo sapiens
  • If you are writing it by hand it MUST be Underlined
taxon s
Taxon’s
  • categories of organisms grouped by similar characteristics
    • Kingdoms – broadest category (6 kingdoms currently)
    • Species – most specific category
species organism that can reproduce and create viable offspring
Species –organism that can reproduce and create viable offspring
  • Viable means offspring that can also reproduce
  • Exceptions- mule or zebroid
pneumonic device to learn classification system and human
Pneumonic device to learn classification system and human

Kings Play Cards On Fridays Generally Speaking

Kevin Please Come Over For Great Soup

You may use one of these or make you own

create one for the classification of man
Create one for the classification of Man

A___________

C___________

M___________

P___________

H___________

H___________

S____________

taxonomy1

Taxonomy

Started out with 2 categories

Plant or Animal

had a 3 4 5 now use a 6 kingdom system of classification
HAD A 3 -> 4 -> 5 -> NOW USE A 6 Kingdom system of Classification
  • 1 – Eubacteria
  • 2 – Archeabacteria
  • 3 – Protista
  • 4 - Fungi
  • 5 - Plant
  • 6 – Animal
  • It may change to an 8 or 12 kingdom but right now it remains a 6 kingdom system
eubacteria
Eubacteria
  • Bacteria that live in extreme environments
  • Prokaryotes
  • Examples Swamps, hydrothermal vents, seawater evaporating ponds
archeabacteria
Archeabacteria
  • all other types of bacteria
  • Prokaryotes
  • Most are harmless but some may cause disease
protista
Protista
  • Eukaryotes
  • Characteristics of both plant and animal
  • Examples algae, protozoa, and slime molds
fungi
Fungi
  • Eukaryotes
  • No chlorophyll cannot make own food
  • Heterotrophs
  • Mushrooms
plantae
Plantae
  • Multicellular eukaryotes
  • Photosynthetic
  • Nonmotile
animalia
Animalia
  • Multicellular eukaryotes
  • Heterotrophs
  • Usually mobile
  • Most have a nervous system
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