Best Practices in Single Stream Recycling Susan Kinsella & Richard Gertman Conservatree Environmental Planning Consultants CRRA Conference Workshop August 2006. What is Best Practices?. Recover wasted resources Recover manufacturing feedstocks
Single Stream Recycling
Susan Kinsella & Richard Gertman
Conservatree Environmental Planning Consultants
CRRA Conference Workshop
‘Highest and Best’ Use
Best Practices Manual & Guide
California Department of Conservation
American Forest and Paper Association
American Plastics Council
Forest Products Association of Canada
Glass Packaging Institute
Alameda County Stopwaste.org
Sonoma Co Waste Management Agency
GreenWaste Recovery, Inc.
The Collection Industry
The Rest of Us
Are Playing Catch Up!
Source: American Forest & Paper Assn./Jaakko Poyry/ SERA 2004
Recycling is a
Resource Management System
– do your police drive the Ford Focus?
GOALS: conserve resources
andproduce quality manufacturing feedstocks
The economics of the system should serve, not determine, the goals
Promote your program,
early and often!
Hire a professional promotions firm, not a garbage collector
Tell the public
Target your messages
No one message fits all
is it really being recycled?
Require processors to get feedback about materials quality from the manufacturers who buy your recyclables, and share it with your program
is not the same as
Recycling includes processing
and making new products!
is not the same as
Recycling includes making new products from the recovered materials!
Local government controls the
curbside recycling program
‘Only Marketable Materials’
Higher recovery rates are from
Relative size of garbage carts
and recycling carts is a factor
It’s easier to:
But it’s not as easy for the
processor or the manufacturer
for garbage and recyclables
Don’t wait, automate now !
Broken glass is!
– separate the glass before it breaks
PET and HDPE recovery is higher
if all plastic containers are collected
than if only PET and HDPE are collected
If you are going to collect film plastics,
ask residents to ‘bag-your-bags’
to keep them clean,
and so you can
separate them from the paper
the optimum rate is really 20 TPH,
but facility is probably run at 30 TPH
Don’t overload the system !
- single stream and dual stream
- residential and commercial
‘It’s Good Enough’
is not good enough!
Don’t sort materials
just enough to be sold!
Do sort materials into high quality
feedstocks for manufacturing!
Recycling is a collaborative system
and all of the pieces must fit together
‘Close the Loop’
Richard GertmanEnvironmental Planning ConsultantsA Green Business
1885 The Alameda, Suite 120San Jose, CA 95126-1732408-249-0691
100 Second Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94118 • 415-516-6526 • www.conservatree.org