A call to arms
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A Call to Arms. 1774-1775. First Continental Congress. Meets in Carpenter’s Hall, September 5, 1774. All colonies except Georgia send delegates. Important Delegates. Sam Adams. John Adams. Important Delegates. Patrick Henry. Richard Henry Lee. Important Delegates. John Jay.

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A Call to Arms

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A call to arms

A Call to Arms

1774-1775


First continental congress

First Continental Congress

Meets in Carpenter’s Hall, September 5, 1774. All colonies except Georgia send delegates.


Important delegates

Important Delegates

Sam Adams

John Adams


Important delegates1

Important Delegates

Patrick Henry

Richard Henry Lee


Important delegates2

Important Delegates

John Jay

George Washington


Results of the congress

Results of the Congress

  • Pledge mutual support of each other.

  • Called for repeal of the 13 Acts passed by Parliament from 1763-1774.

  • Boycott British goods.

  • Not to sell goods to West Indies.

  • Adopted Suffolk Resolves. Militias are formed.

  • Agreed to meet in May, 1775.


Patrick henry

Patrick Henry

March 25, 1775 proclaims, “Give me liberty or give me death!”


Colonists prepare to fight

Colonists Prepare to Fight

Throughout the colonies militias are form. Arms and ammunition are stored.


General thomas gage

General Thomas Gage

April 18, 1775 orders troops to march to Concord, MA, and capture arms , supplies, and rebel leaders.


Rebel leaders

Rebel Leaders

John Hancock

Samuel Adams


Warning riders paul revere william dawes

Warning RidersPaul Revere & William Dawes

Paul Revere

Revere’s Ride Map


Minutemen

Minutemen

Militia who were ready to fight at a moments notice.


Lexington

Lexington

77 minutemen led by Colonel John Parker confront the British. A shot is fired, then many. 8 colonists killed. “Shot heard ‘round the world.”


Concord

Concord

British march on to Concord. Met by patriots at Concord River Bridge. Shots exchanged, 8 British soldiers killed.


British march to boston

British March to Boston

Was a 19 mile running gun battle. 73 British killed. 174 wounded. 26 missing.


A call to arms

War!

The clashes at Lexington and Concord were the beginning of what would become an 8 year war, starting near Boston, and ending off the coast of India.


Fort ticonderoga

Fort Ticonderoga

Strategically located at southern end of Lake Champlain, it guarded access to the Hudson River. It also contained scores of cannon and other military supplies.


Attack on ticonderoga

Attack on Ticonderoga

Ethan Allen

Benedict Arnold


Capture of ticonderoga

Capture of Ticonderoga

Unaware of Lexington and Concord, British had one sentry who had fallen asleep. Fort was capture without firing a shot.


British reaction thousands of troops and four generals will be sent to america

British ReactionThousands of troops and four generals will be sent to America.

Sir Henry Clinton

John Burgoyne


A call to arms

Charles Cornwallis

Sir William Howe


Battle of bunker hill

Battle of Bunker Hill

Night of June 16, 1775, Col. William Prescott had his men move from a fort on Bunker Hill to Breed’s Hill, closer to the British.


British attack

British Attack

On June 17, 2,200 British troops attack the American positions. Twice the British are repelled. During the third assault, Americans run out of ammunition and are forced to retreat.


Results of the battle

Results of the Battle

British learn they cannot fight a war this way.

Americans learn Britain is not going to give up America easily


Choosing sides

Choosing Sides

Loyalists or Tories

Patriots or Whigs

Colonists who wanted independence from Great Britain.

One third of the population.

  • Colonists who wanted to remain loyal to the King.

  • One third of the population.


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