A Call to Arms. 1774-1775. First Continental Congress. Meets in Carpenter’s Hall, September 5, 1774. All colonies except Georgia send delegates. Important Delegates. Sam Adams. John Adams. Important Delegates. Patrick Henry. Richard Henry Lee. Important Delegates. John Jay.
A Call to Arms
Meets in Carpenter’s Hall, September 5, 1774. All colonies except Georgia send delegates.
Richard Henry Lee
March 25, 1775 proclaims, “Give me liberty or give me death!”
Throughout the colonies militias are form. Arms and ammunition are stored.
April 18, 1775 orders troops to march to Concord, MA, and capture arms , supplies, and rebel leaders.
Revere’s Ride Map
Militia who were ready to fight at a moments notice.
77 minutemen led by Colonel John Parker confront the British. A shot is fired, then many. 8 colonists killed. “Shot heard ‘round the world.”
British march on to Concord. Met by patriots at Concord River Bridge. Shots exchanged, 8 British soldiers killed.
Was a 19 mile running gun battle. 73 British killed. 174 wounded. 26 missing.
The clashes at Lexington and Concord were the beginning of what would become an 8 year war, starting near Boston, and ending off the coast of India.
Strategically located at southern end of Lake Champlain, it guarded access to the Hudson River. It also contained scores of cannon and other military supplies.
Unaware of Lexington and Concord, British had one sentry who had fallen asleep. Fort was capture without firing a shot.
Sir Henry Clinton
Sir William Howe
Night of June 16, 1775, Col. William Prescott had his men move from a fort on Bunker Hill to Breed’s Hill, closer to the British.
On June 17, 2,200 British troops attack the American positions. Twice the British are repelled. During the third assault, Americans run out of ammunition and are forced to retreat.
British learn they cannot fight a war this way.
Americans learn Britain is not going to give up America easily
Loyalists or Tories
Patriots or Whigs
Colonists who wanted independence from Great Britain.
One third of the population.