Types of intermittent reinforcement to decrease behavior
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Types of Intermittent Reinforcement to Decrease Behavior . Chapter 7. Purpose. Decrease or eliminate responses by applying reinforcement. Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates (DRL). Reinforcing only low rates of responding Behavior will occur at low rate Limited Responding DRL

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Types of Intermittent Reinforcement to Decrease Behavior

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Types of intermittent reinforcement to decrease behavior

Types of Intermittent Reinforcement to Decrease Behavior

Chapter 7


Purpose

Purpose

  • Decrease or eliminate responses by applying reinforcement


Differential reinforcement of low rates drl

Differential Reinforcement of Low Rates (DRL)

  • Reinforcing only low rates of responding

  • Behavior will occur at low rate

  • Limited Responding DRL

    • Maximum number of allowable responses during an interval

    • Useful when:

      • Some of the behavior is tolerable

      • Less is better

  • Spaced-Responding DRL

    • Behavior does not occur during an interval, after interval passed, behavior must occur for reinforcement

    • Behavior spaced over time

    • Want to reduce a desirable behavior


Differential reinforcement of zero responding dro

Differential Reinforcement of Zero Responding (DRO)

  • Reinforcer presented only if response does not occur within interval

    • If response occurs, timing of interval starts again

    • Differential reinforcement of other responding – reinforced for any other behavior

    • Length of interval increased gradually until

      • Behavior occurring very rarely or not at all

      • A minimum amount of reinforcement is given for nonoccurrence


Differential reinforcement of incompatible responding dri

Differential Reinforcement of Incompatible Responding (DRI)

  • Similar to DRO, but specify an incompatible response

    • Undesired response is not possible when engaged in the incompatible response

    • Reinforce incompatible response


Differential reinforcement of alternate behavior dra

Differential Reinforcement of Alternate Behavior (DRA)

  • Extinction of undesirable behavior

  • Reinforcement of other, topographically dissimilar behavior (not necessarily incompatible one)


Pitfalls

Pitfalls

  • May produce underachievers as too much correct behavior becomes less and less reinforced

    • Learn to respond at a lower rate to receive more reinforcement


Guidelines for effective use

Guidelines for Effective Use

  • Decide which type of schedule will be used

  • Decide which reinforcer to use

  • Record baseline data

  • Follow procedures for the selected schedule

  • If possible, inform the individual of the procedure to be used


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