Mental Health. Neurosis: sufferers experience high levels of anxiety or tension in managing their daily lives Psychosis: sufferers have lost touch with the real world, experiencing delusions and/or auditory, visual hallucinations ex : paranoia, schizophrenia
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Neurosis: sufferers experience high levels of anxiety or tension in managing their daily lives
Psychosis: sufferers have lost touch with the real world, experiencing delusions and/or auditory, visual hallucinations ex: paranoia, schizophrenia
Anti-Social Personality disorder: sufferers have a habitual pattern of rule breaking and harming others
Neurological Disorders: developmental disorders originating from fetal brain abnormalities and/ or chromosome deficiencies ex: autism, down syndrome
Def'n: a neurodevelopment disorder that results in delays in social interaction and use of language, along with restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behaviour
Diagnosed by the age of 3
Actually 5 disorders known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
1 in 1000 births (National Institute of Mental Health)
First classified in 1943 by psychiatrist Dr. Leo Kanner of John Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore
Wrote a paper The Nervous Child
Studied 11 patients
All the children lacked interest in other people
Term autism comes from the Greek work autos meaning "self"
Do not show interest in faces, lack eye contact
Prefer being alone
Passively accept interaction like hugging, cuddling without reciprocating
Lack a "theory of mind"- the ability to see things from another person's perspective, acknowledge people's feelings and intentions based on social cues (gestures, facial expressions)
May invent imaginary friends, worlds, scenarios
Have difficulty self- regulating their behaviour, resulting in crying, verbal outbursts, self-injurious behaviours
Prefer consistent routines and environments
May have oversensitivity or undersensitivity to touch, movement, sights or sound
Physical clumsiness, poor body awareness
Some remain mute, or communicate in other ways: images, visual clues, sign language, computer
Those who do speak use language in unusual ways
Use single words only
Repeat a mimicked phrases over and over (songs, jingles, ads- a calming activity, the condition is called echolalia)
Speak in a monologue rather than "give and take" conversation
Important to diagnose autism and begin treatment as early as possible for the greatest benefit
Requires the teamwork of: pediatricians, child psychologists, behaviour analysts, speech therapists, teachers, special education assistants, parents, siblings
There is no known cause, nor one "cure-all" treatment
Issue: treatment costs $60,000 per year; should the provincial government pay for the child's special educational needs like any healthy child?
Word origin: the word idiot refers to a simpleton while savant is the French word for "learned one"
What is an "Idiot Savant"?
A person with an IQ under 25
Possess unlimited, specific, accurate information and skills in precise fields like math and music
"When asked a question within their area of expertise, 99% of the time, the idiot savant will answer correctly" (Dr. Joseph Pearce, Evolution's End)
Do not acquire knowledge by learning like we do
Incapable of performing life's basic functions (dressing) and may therefore be institutionalized