Mental health
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Mental Health. Neurosis: sufferers experience high levels of anxiety or tension in managing their daily lives Psychosis: sufferers have lost touch with the real world, experiencing delusions and/or auditory, visual hallucinations ex : paranoia, schizophrenia

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Mental Health

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Mental health

Mental Health


Mental disorders

Neurosis: sufferers experience high levels of anxiety or tension in managing their daily lives

Psychosis: sufferers have lost touch with the real world, experiencing delusions and/or auditory, visual hallucinations ex: paranoia, schizophrenia

Anti-Social Personality disorder: sufferers have a habitual pattern of rule breaking and harming others

Neurological Disorders: developmental disorders originating from fetal brain abnormalities and/ or chromosome deficiencies ex: autism, down syndrome

Mental Disorders


Autism

Def'n: a neurodevelopment disorder that results in delays in social interaction and use of language, along with restricted, repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behaviour

Diagnosed by the age of 3

Actually 5 disorders known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD)

1 in 1000 births (National Institute of Mental Health)

Autism


History

First classified in 1943 by psychiatrist Dr. Leo Kanner of John Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore

Wrote a paper The Nervous Child

Studied 11 patients

All the children lacked interest in other people

Term autism comes from the Greek work autos meaning "self"

History


Social development

Do not show interest in faces, lack eye contact

Prefer being alone

Passively accept interaction like hugging, cuddling without reciprocating

Lack a "theory of mind"- the ability to see things from another person's perspective, acknowledge people's feelings and intentions based on social cues (gestures, facial expressions)

May invent imaginary friends, worlds, scenarios

Have difficulty self- regulating their behaviour, resulting in crying, verbal outbursts, self-injurious behaviours

Prefer consistent routines and environments

Social Development


Sensory system

May have oversensitivity or undersensitivity to touch, movement, sights or sound

Physical clumsiness, poor body awareness

Easily distracted

Sensory System


Communication

Some remain mute, or communicate in other ways: images, visual clues, sign language, computer

Those who do speak use language in unusual ways

Use single words only

Repeat a mimicked phrases over and over (songs, jingles, ads- a calming activity, the condition is called echolalia)

Speak in a monologue rather than "give and take" conversation

Communication


Treatment

Important to diagnose autism and begin treatment as early as possible for the greatest benefit

Requires the teamwork of: pediatricians, child psychologists, behaviour analysts, speech therapists, teachers, special education assistants, parents, siblings

There is no known cause, nor one "cure-all" treatment

Issue: treatment costs $60,000 per year; should the provincial government pay for the child's special educational needs like any healthy child?

Treatment


Austistic savant historically called idiot savant

Word origin: the word idiot refers to a simpleton while savant is the French word for "learned one"

What is an "Idiot Savant"?

A person with an IQ under 25

Possess unlimited, specific, accurate information and skills in precise fields like math and music

"When asked a question within their area of expertise, 99% of the time, the idiot savant will answer correctly" (Dr. Joseph Pearce, Evolution's End)

Do not acquire knowledge by learning like we do

Incapable of performing life's basic functions (dressing) and may therefore be institutionalized

"Austistic- Savant"Historically called "Idiot Savant"


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