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A Confusing Conundrum: Gifted Students with ADHD. Susan Baum, Ph.D. Professor Emeritus College of New Rochelle Director of Professional Development Bridges Academy www.internationalcenterfortalentdevelopment.com. ADHD. Robin Williams  1952-actor, comedian, ADHD.

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A confusing conundrum gifted students with adhd

A Confusing Conundrum: Gifted Students with ADHD

Susan Baum, Ph.D.

Professor Emeritus

College of New Rochelle

Director of Professional Development

Bridges Academy

www.internationalcenterfortalentdevelopment.com



Robin Williams 1952-actor, comedian, ADHD

Early on, Williams applied his inexhaustible hyperactivity to many films


Students with ADD/ADHD

  • Classic manifestations:

  • Creative thinkers

  • Difficulty sustaining attention especially in listening activities

  • Difficulty completing written work,

  • Physical restlessness or feelings of restlessness

  • Impulsivity

  • Difficulty following through on instructions from others (not due to oppositional behavior or failure of comprehension)

  • Need to move to learn



Comorbidity there is an interaction between giftedness and adhd
COMORBIDITY:THERE IS AN INTERACTION BETWEEN GIFTEDNESS AND ADHD

  • 1, OVEREXCITABILITIES

  • 2. ROLE OF DRUGS, STIMULATION, AND THE CURRICULUM

  • 3. HIGH ABILITIES IN SPATIAL AND KINESTHETIC INTELLIGENCES


Sensitivities of the high creative dabrowski s overexcitabilities
Sensitivities of the High-CreativeDabrowski’s “Overexcitabilities”

  • Psychomotor

  • Intellectual

  • Emotional

  • Sensual

  • Imaginational


Psychomotor
Psychomotor

A heightened physical energy that may be expressed as a love of movement, rapid speech, impulsiveness, and/or restlessness.


Sensual
Sensual

Heightened sensory awareness (e.g. touch, taste, smell).  May be expressed as desire for comfort or a sharp sense of aesthetics.


Imaginational

Vivid imagery, use of metaphor, visualizations, and inventiveness.  May also include vivid dreams, fear of the unknown, poetic creativity, or love of fantasy.

Imaginational


Intellectual

Persistence in asking probing questions, love of knowledge, discovery, theoretical analysis and synthesis, independence of thought, and the love of solving the problem.

Intellectual


The role of attention and curriculum
The role of attention and curriculum discovery, theoretical analysis and synthesis, independence of thought, and the


A simple model of how information is processed discovery, theoretical analysis and synthesis, independence of thought, and the

S

E

N

S

OR

Y

I

NP

U

T

Engagement

Enthusiasm

Enjoyment

Short-term

Memory

A

Expression

the ability to focus on a task over time

P

assageway

Attention

UNDERSTANDING

Long-term

Memory

A-V-K

Novelty

Intensity

Personal Relevancy

Application

Critical & Creative thinking

Generalization


How Many Squares Do You See? discovery, theoretical analysis and synthesis, independence of thought, and the


How can we help students sit still and focus

The wrong question: discovery, theoretical analysis and synthesis, independence of thought, and the

“How can we help students sit STILL and focus?”


How long are your students sitting verbal fluency activity are you ready
HOW LONG ARE YOUR STUDENTS SITTING? VERBAL FLUENCY ACTIVITY: ARE YOU READY?

  • CIRCLE TIME?

  • LISTENING?

  • DOING SEATWORK?


  • Research says that sitting and listening and paying attention is developmental.

  • The amount of minutes is related to age up to 15.

  • 10 minutes and attention starts to drift if information is boring monotonous

  • Digital kids listen faster

  • 2E students especially those with ADHD think better when moving


Essential needs
Essential needs attention is developmental.

  • Novelty and appropriate challenge

  • Unlimited use of technology for productivity and learning

  • Active engagement through spatial, kinesthetic and emotional activity

  • Use of movement in the curriculum

  • Infusion of problem based inquiry learning as an outlet for curiosity and creativity

  • Skills to organize and control emotions


s attention is developmental.


Unlimited use of technology
Unlimited use of technology attention is developmental.

  • Word processing

  • Calculators

  • Focus tool: back channeling, accelerated lecture

  • Note-taking

  • Web quests

  • Voice thread

  • Animoto

  • Imovies

  • Digital pen (records and writes)

  • Xtranormal

  • Inspiration


Incorporate movement into activities attention is developmental.


Let s use drama
Let’s Use Drama attention is developmental.

  • Wonderful World of Words


Provide opportunities for movement within curriculum
Provide opportunities for movement within curriculum attention is developmental.

Distance = rate x time

Opposite Board


Movement to support learning
Movement to support learning attention is developmental.

  • The walking lane

  • Travel pair share

  • Transition dancer-size


Wheel of choice
WHEEL OF CHOICE attention is developmental.



Let s get organized down with disorder movement
Let’s get organized: Down with disorder movement attention is developmental.

  • Sales of home-organizing products, like accordion files and label makers and plastic tubs, keep going up and up, from $5.9 billion last year to a projected $7.6

  • billion by 2009, as do the revenues of companies that make closet organizing systems, an industry that is pulling in $3 billion a year, according to Closets magazine.


This is why January is now Get Organized Month, thanks also to the efforts of the National Association of Professional Organizers, whose 4,000 clutter-busting members will be poisedwith clipboards and trash bags--ready to to minister to the 10,000 clutter victims


We need an organized space to think and work
We need an organized space to think and work. to the efforts of the National Association of Professional Organizers, whose 4,000 clutter-busting members will be poisedwith clipboards and trash bags--ready to to minister to the 10,000 clutter victims


Or do you embrace the anti anti clutter movement ny times 2009

. to the efforts of the National Association of Professional Organizers, whose 4,000 clutter-busting members will be poisedwith clipboards and trash bags--ready to to minister to the 10,000 clutter victims

Or do you embrace the anti anti-clutter movement?(NY Times, 2009)

  • This says yes to mess and urges you to embrace your disorder

  • It’s a movement that confirms what you

  • have known, deep down, all along: really neat people are not avatars of the good life; they are humorless and inflexible prigs, and have way too much time on their hands.


Writer s haven
Writer’s haven to the efforts of the National Association of Professional Organizers, whose 4,000 clutter-busting members will be poisedwith clipboards and trash bags--ready to to minister to the 10,000 clutter victims

Einstein’s oft-quoted remark, “If a cluttered desk is a sign of a cluttered mind, of what, then, is an empty desk?”


Creatives claim
Creatives claim: to the efforts of the National Association of Professional Organizers, whose 4,000 clutter-busting members will be poisedwith clipboards and trash bags--ready to to minister to the 10,000 clutter victims

  • It takes time to organize

  • We need to have everything's in front of us.

  • Searching through the piles helps make connections

  • Organization is a form of procrastination

  • Creative thinkers are messy. Creative thinkers tend to have messy desks. In January 2006, a study of hundreds of CEO's indicated that the highest scorers in innovation and risk-taking scored lowest on organizational and neatness skills. Creative people organize their desks intuitively to correspond with the way their minds organize information, and studies suggest that people with messy desks have great career potential.

  • http://EzineArticles.com/?expert=Jennifer_Williamson


Creative space
Creative space to the efforts of the National Association of Professional Organizers, whose 4,000 clutter-busting members will be poisedwith clipboards and trash bags--ready to to minister to the 10,000 clutter victims


Teach to the efforts of the National Association of Professional Organizers, whose 4,000 clutter-busting members will be poisedwith clipboards and trash bags--ready to to minister to the 10,000 clutter victimstime management and organization contextually



Learned experts

Learned experts management skills.

STRATEGIES FOR ORGANIZATION


Work space
Work space management skills.

  • Provide a quiet place for these students to do their homework. A desk in their room away from “noise and activity” is best.


Schedule for organization of homework chores and more
Schedule for organization of homework, chores, and more… management skills.

  • Estimate time needed to allow for but limit intellectual excursions

  • Encourage talking out ideas before beginning assignment or project


Scaffolding
Scaffolding management skills.

  • Outline/ folders with sub folders

  • Monthly calendar listing due dates.

  • Blank pages for sketching out concepts and post-it notes for jotting down ideas.

  • Pocket pages also help these students to organize extra information that they find on their own about a topic.


Scaffolding1
Scaffolding management skills.

  • Allow music while working. This strategy often helps them to keep their minds from wandering into realms more interesting especially if the assignment is not challenging enough.

  • This can be used for chores as well. Listening to a book on tape while cleaning their room, for instance.


Randoms and organization
Randoms and organization management skills.

  • Tend to misplace things

  • Skip or forget directions,

  • “Post- it” monthly calendar, Backwards planning and deadlines

  • Email assignments back and forth

  • Time management: Come home between 5:45-6:00

  • Piles, stacks, and storage bins


Creative problem solvers

Creative problem solvers management skills.

Strategies for organization


Work space1
Work space management skills.

  • Allow space to spread out and move about

  • Thinking may happene when lying on the floor while tossing a ball in the air.

  • Laptops were made for these students—as they are always on the move.


Schedule for organization of homework chores and more1
Schedule for organization of homework, chores, and more… management skills.

  • Provide ownership and choice for the when and order of task completion.

  • Ask when they plan to start their work and if they need you to remind them. 

  • Have few rules with which you adhere to consistently.

  • Provided few but detailed directions. Do not say clean your room, but rather hang up your clothes and put your games away.


Scaffolding2
Scaffolding management skills.

  • Accept skipping around among their assignments as long as they have a way get everything do.

  • “Post-it daily to-do lists” can provide this structure. They can move them around.

  • When they complete a task, crumpling up the post-it and tossing it in a waste basket is rewarding in and of itself. They can even make a target game out of the process and keep points for accuracy. 

  • Allowing these students to listen to music or have the television on can help them sustain focus as mentioned previously.


Scaffolding3
Scaffolding management skills.

  • Providing a different binder for each subject might make organization easier for them. Piles not files work best.

  • Traveling offices

  • But don’t be surprised if everything is just thrown in together. The good news is that what they need is in one place.


Parents as opportunity makers
Parents as Opportunity Makers management skills.

  • Adventure experiences

  • Drama and performing arts

  • Lego and robotics competitions

  • Gaming and technology—creative productive activities


Competitions
Competitions management skills.

Celebrating the Achievements of ChildrenTM

  • http://www.amazing-kids.org/contests.html

  • Check out the winning stories fromthe Amazing Kids! "Story Starter" Short Story writing contest! Read the winning essays from our "Appreciation" 2002 essay contest in Amazing Kids! eZine #5! Check out the winners of the  "My Amazing Future" 2002 contest! Winners of the first-ever AKPOETRY CONTEST . See who won! (Follow the link at the bottom of the AK eZine #4 page.) Check out theAmazing Kids! Poster Design contest 2001 winners!  "My Amazing Future" 2001 essay contest winnersCheck out the winners of our Animation Contest 2000!  These 6 lucky winners worked with Frank Gladstone, a professional animator from DreamWorks as their mentor! Check out the winners of our Amazing Babies essay contest!Check out the winners of our 1st comics drawing contest!  The grand prize winner, 17 year old Laura Tisdel worked for a year with her mentor, professional cartoonist Guy Gilchrist.  Check out her Amazing Kids! Comic Adventures! Check out the winners of our 1st writing contest!


u management skills.

  • Automatic dog washer

  • Automatic milk dispenser


Oddysey of the mind
Oddysey management skills. of the Mind


Summer opportunities
Summer Opportunities management skills.

  • Camps


The pond problem
The pond problem: management skills.


The pond problem1
The pond problem: management skills.


Edward Hallowell (2005) management skills.

I have learned first and foremost to look for interests, talents, strengths, shades of strengths or the mere suggestion of a talent.

Knowing that a person builds a happy and successful life not on remediated weaknesses but on developed strengths, I have learned to place those strengths at the top of what matters

Susan M. Baum, Ph.D.


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