Qualit y of lif e seminars 2012
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Qualit y of lif e Seminars 2012. Department of Geography Masaryk University Projekt Inovace výuky geografických studijních oborů CZ 1.07/2.2.00/.15.0222. 1st seminar. The organization of seminar. One lesson a week Compulsory attendance:

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Qualit y of lif e Seminars 2012

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Quality of lifeSeminars 2012

Department of Geography

Masaryk University

Projekt Inovace výuky geografických studijních oborů CZ 1.07/2.2.00/.15.0222


1st seminar


The organization of seminar

  • One lesson a week

  • Compulsory attendance:

    • Missing one lesson without apologise, two with apologise

  • Active participation in lessons (discussion, workshop)

  • Giving off homeworks into folder – odevzdavarna before next lesson


1st homework

  • Writingoftheshortessay on thetopicofqualityoflife

    • Whatis a definitionofqualityoflife? Whatdoesthequalityoflifemeanforyou?

  • Preparationofspeech on thenextlesson

    • Whatisanimportanceofthegeography in theresearchofqualityoflife? What (geographical) aspectsofqualityoflife are youinterested in? What are thekeyquestionsoftheresearchofqualityoflifeforgeographers?


2nd seminar


Importanceofgeographyfortheresearch on qualityoflife

  • What is an importance of the geography in the research on quality of life?

  • What (geographical) aspects of quality of life are you interested in?

  • What are the key questions of the research of quality of life for geographers?


Importanceofgeographyfortheresearch on qualityoflife

  • R. Peet: „Geography is the study of relations between society and the natural environment“

  • Geography efforts to understand and interpretate relations between people and their environment

  • Quality of life is multidimensional phenomenon – geography is interdisciplinary science


2nd homework

  • Imaginethatyou are a person wholivessomewhere in thethirdworld

  • Makeupyournewname, occupation, nationality, religion, socialposition, marital status, gender…

  • Thinkaboutyourqualityoflife, whatfactors influence yourqualityoflife (objective x subjectivedimension)

  • Preparethespeechaboutyouandyourqualityoflife on thenextlesson


3rd seminar


Your new identity

  • Presentation, introduction

  • What is your name, occupation, nationality, religion, social position, marital status, gender…

  • What affects your quality of life the most?

  • Influences of culture, religion, family relations...

  • Are you happy? Are you satisfied with your life (being)? What is your the meaning of life?


Your quality of life

  • Take advices from each other

  • Think about how to improve your quality of life

  • Imagine that you can change everything

  • Would you be happy?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJgumT70FSY&feature=related


3rd homework

  • Choose one another person and give him advices how he can improve his quality of life or change his mind to think about life better (from your point of view)

  • Imagine that everything is possible

  • Write these advices on a half page (to odevzdavarna)


4th seminar


Your quality of life

  • Perception of your quality of life - what affects your quality of life the most? Your religion, ideology, culture, family, money…?

  • Is it good to change someone‘s quality of life? Is it moral?

  • Could we measure collective quality of life?


Coreattributesofqualityoflife (individual)

  • Basic needs and capabilities (food, water, health, housing, environment, security) – avoidance of pain

  • Autonomy of agency

  • Subjective well-being (from satisfaction, positive emotions to personal growth, fulfilling of desires)

  • Flourishing (self-respect, love, deep personal relations)

  • Social inclusion, integration?


Coreattributesofqualityoflife (collective)

  • Civic integration

  • Equality, trust, reciprocity and other-regarding behaviour

  • Social integration, tolerance and respect for difference

  • Sustainability

  • Social cohesion


3 cases of bad quality of life

  • „green widow“ – womanwholives in a suburb, shespends a lot oftimealone, sheisusuallybored, shesuffersfromdepression…

  • „gipsy man“ – he lives in ghetto, he has a bigfamily, but his brotherowes a lot of money and he wantshim to help, sonow he has problemswith a police (he stole something)

  • „middle-classwoman“ – sheisabout 50 yearsold, she has boringjob, her childrenworkabroad, sheisdivorcedandnowshedoes not likemen, althoughshe has friends, sheis not satisfied (shegoesshoppingwiththem, butshe has nothing to talkwiththem)


4th homework

  • Choose a meta-concept of quality of life (model, construct…) and contextualize your quality of life inside this concept (just prepare a speech)

    • Liveability, health, well-being, environmental quality, happiness, satisfaction…

  • You can have your identity or you can be someone else

  • I recommend you to read and inspire with D. Philip‘s publication Quality of life or I. Andráško‘s presentations


5th seminar


Homework

  • Choose a meta-concept of quality of life (model, construct…) and contextualize your quality of life inside this concept (just prepare a speech)

    • Liveability, health, well-being, environmental quality, happiness, satisfaction…

  • Is it possible to apply one holistic approach to research on quality of life?


Aplication of concepts

  • Try to findthe most appropriateapproach (concept, model) forresearch on qualityoflife in differentregionsthroughtheworld (generalizethat)

  • Subjective x objectivedimension

  • Indicatorsofobjectivedimension

  • Example – Bhutan – conceptofhappinnessandwell-being – GNH indicator


Gross national happiness

  • Economic Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of economic metrics such as consumer debt, average income to consumer price index ratio and income distribution

  • Environmental Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of environmental metrics such as pollution, noise and traffic

  • Physical Wellness: Indicated via statistical measurement of physical health metrics such as severe illnesses

  • Mental Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of mental health metrics such as usage of antidepressants and rise or decline of psychotherapy patients

  • Workplace Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of labor metrics such as jobless claims, job change, workplace complaints and lawsuits

  • Social Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of social metrics such as discrimination, safety, divorce rates, complaints of domestic conflicts and family lawsuits, public lawsuits, crime rates

  • Political Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of political metrics such as the quality of local democracy, individual freedom, and foreign conflicts.


Research on objectivedimensionofqualityoflife

  • Which domains should be included in research on quality of life?

  • Are some aspects more important than the others?

  • Could domains be measured by indicators?


5th homework

  • Define 10 indicators for the most important aspects of quality of life

  • Find 10 real indicators which can be measured in SO ORP and which are available on the webpages (czso, mmr, mpsv, chmi…)

  • Write the definitions and sources and upload it into odevzdavarna


6th seminar


Indicatorsandmeasurementsofqualityoflife

  • Main domains of quality of life:

    • Economic dimension: financial security, economic freedom, employment, job opportunity…

    • Material dimension: housing, living condition, liveability…

    • Environmental dimension: natural environment, pollution, noise…

    • Physical health: wellness, health care…

    • Political dimension: democracy, freedom, independency…

    • Social dimension: social inclusion, security, stability, trust…

    • Mental health: satisfaction, self-realization, well-being…


Indicatorsandmeasurementsofqualityoflife

  • Aim: to find 10 „ideal“ objective indicators which define and express all these dimensions

  • Are these indicators really objective?

  • Can we use them for measuring of quality of life in different regions?

  • Case study –regions (SO ORP):

    • Prague‘s quarter

    • Region with bigger city

    • Peripheral region


6th homework

  • Thinkabout these questions:

    • Which (sub)domains / dimensionsofqualityoflife are not objectivelymeasurable? Whichshouldbeespeciallyincludedintoresearch on subjectivequalityoflife?

    • Whatisrelationbetweenobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsofqualityoflife (according to you)? Whatisrelationbetweenobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsofqualityoflife (according to you)? Whichindicators are more importantand more reflective areality? Objectiveorsubjective?


7th seminar


Objective x subjective

  • Which (sub)domains / dimensions of quality of life are not objectively measurable? Which should be especially included into research on subjective quality of life?

  • What is relation between objective and subjective indicators of quality of life (according to you)? Which indicators are more important and more reflective areality? Objective or subjective?


Combinationofquantitativeandqualitativeapproach

  • Example: questionnaire

  • Which aspects (domains) of quality of life are inquired?

  • Which method is prefered? Why?

  • What are the results of this research? For who? How could we interpret them?


Methodologyofqualitativeresearch

  • Questionnaires

  • In-depth interviews

  • Mental mapping

  • Observation

  • Etnomethodological methods

  • Alternative methods…


How to realize research?

  • Youhave to frame:

    • Researchproblem (qualityoflife?)

    • Researchtopic (Qualityoflife in a region, in somecommunities, Domainsofqualityoflife…)

    • Researchquestion

  • Thenyouhave to define:

    • Goals

    • Focusgroups + focus region

    • Evaluation, interpretation, forwhoitisintented

    • Capacitiesx constraints (time, collaborators, money…)

    • > METHODS


7th homework

  • Suggest and write methodical approach to measure subjective dimension of quality of life

  • Follow the points (framing problem, question…) and finally suggest appropriate method

  • Think about innovativeness, feasibility!


8th seminar


Results of research

  • How to interpret the outputs of research? Could we generalise the results?

  • Should the geography help people to improve quality of life? Should we participate into this process? How?

  • What is the aim of quality of life‘s science? What is the purpose of science (or life)?


What is the best place for living?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_OC322UeqU&feature=related

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3rNGzD5fWAo


8th homework

  • Problem area: Cejl

    • Read articles in various medias about life in Cejl

    • Go to Cejl and think about their quality of life

      -> Prepare research question (unique, original and of course feasible) and goals of research

  • Is it really area with the worst quality of life? Why? Or should we investigate in other area?


9th seminar


Bad quality of life in Brno?

  • Problem area: Cejl

  • Is it really area with the worst quality of life? Why? Or should we investigate in other area?

  • What is a focus group of research? Gypsies or non-gypsies?

  • Which are the most significant problems?

  • Which factors cause these problems?


Problem of social exclusion

  • Spatialsegregation -> social exlusion-> cumulation of socialproblems (conflicts, unemployment, debts, criminality, drugaddiction…)

  • Factorsofsocialexclusion?

    • Spatialfactors

    • Housing, livingcondition

    • Unemployment

    • Education

    • Culture...

  • Whichdomainsofqualityoflifeshouldweinquire? How?


Problem of housing

  • Bad example:

    • Removal of gypsies into lodging house

    • No paying, cumulation of problem

    • No relation with place

      x

  • Good example:

    • Community planning

    • Parcipation of gypsies into process of reconstruction

    • Relation with place


Conclusionofetnographicalresearch

Právě primární výzkumné zaměření na lokalitu „Cejl“ vede nejen k opomíjení ostatních lokalit, ale také k opominutí faktu, že stále častěji dochází k přesunu obyvatel mimo tyto lokality, tj. že dochází k migraci v rámci města Brna. Vzhledem k plánovaným i realizovaným urbanistickým proměnám je třeba očekávat rozsáhlé změny v lokalitách a zároveň v charakteru a rozsahu zdejšího sociálního vyloučení a jeho přesouvání do lokalit jiných. Pro další výzkumy se tedy jako stěžejní jeví zaměřit se na přesuny ohnisek sociálního vyloučení a mechanismy, které je umožňují. S tímto faktem souvisí také zaměření výzkumu na samotné NNO a jejich činnost přesahující či kopírující hranice lokality, tj. monitoring toho, do jaké míry jsou tyto organizace připraveny reagovat na urbanistické změny a svou činnost směřovat do jiných částí města.

Source: „Dlouhodobý monitoring situace romských komunit v České republice: moravské lokality“ (2008)


9th homework

  • Write down text that includes:

    • Review of your research question

    • Reformulation of goals of your research

    • Redefinition of problem localities

    • Methodical approaches


10th seminar


Specific research – problemareasofliving

  • Review of your research question

  • Reformulation of goals of your research

  • Redefinition of problem localities

  • Methodical approaches


Real research

Realization?

Time, space?

Data?

Talking, observation?

Evaluation, interpretation?


Thank you for your attention and feedback!


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