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Qualit y of lif e Seminars 2012. Department of Geography Masaryk University Projekt Inovace výuky geografických studijních oborů CZ 1.07/2.2.00/.15.0222. 1st seminar. The organization of seminar. One lesson a week Compulsory attendance:

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Qualit y of lif e seminars 2012

Quality of lifeSeminars 2012

Department of Geography

Masaryk University

Projekt Inovace výuky geografických studijních oborů CZ 1.07/2.2.00/.15.0222



The organization of seminar
The organization of seminar

  • One lesson a week

  • Compulsory attendance:

    • Missing one lesson without apologise, two with apologise

  • Active participation in lessons (discussion, workshop)

  • Giving off homeworks into folder – odevzdavarna before next lesson


1st homework
1st homework

  • Writingoftheshortessay on thetopicofqualityoflife

    • Whatis a definitionofqualityoflife? Whatdoesthequalityoflifemeanforyou?

  • Preparationofspeech on thenextlesson

    • Whatisanimportanceofthegeography in theresearchofqualityoflife? What (geographical) aspectsofqualityoflife are youinterested in? What are thekeyquestionsoftheresearchofqualityoflifeforgeographers?



Importance of geography for the research on quality of life
Importanceofgeographyfortheresearch on qualityoflife

  • What is an importance of the geography in the research on quality of life?

  • What (geographical) aspects of quality of life are you interested in?

  • What are the key questions of the research of quality of life for geographers?


Importance of geography for the research on quality of life1
Importanceofgeographyfortheresearch on qualityoflife

  • R. Peet: „Geography is the study of relations between society and the natural environment“

  • Geography efforts to understand and interpretate relations between people and their environment

  • Quality of life is multidimensional phenomenon – geography is interdisciplinary science


2nd homework
2nd homework

  • Imaginethatyou are a person wholivessomewhere in thethirdworld

  • Makeupyournewname, occupation, nationality, religion, socialposition, marital status, gender…

  • Thinkaboutyourqualityoflife, whatfactors influence yourqualityoflife (objective x subjectivedimension)

  • Preparethespeechaboutyouandyourqualityoflife on thenextlesson



Your new identity
Your new identity

  • Presentation, introduction

  • What is your name, occupation, nationality, religion, social position, marital status, gender…

  • What affects your quality of life the most?

  • Influences of culture, religion, family relations...

  • Are you happy? Are you satisfied with your life (being)? What is your the meaning of life?


Your quality of life
Your quality of life

  • Take advices from each other

  • Think about how to improve your quality of life

  • Imagine that you can change everything

  • Would you be happy?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CJgumT70FSY&feature=related


3rd homework
3rd homework

  • Choose one another person and give him advices how he can improve his quality of life or change his mind to think about life better (from your point of view)

  • Imagine that everything is possible

  • Write these advices on a half page (to odevzdavarna)



Your quality of life1
Your quality of life

  • Perception of your quality of life - what affects your quality of life the most? Your religion, ideology, culture, family, money…?

  • Is it good to change someone‘s quality of life? Is it moral?

  • Could we measure collective quality of life?


Core attributes of quality of life individual
Coreattributesofqualityoflife (individual)

  • Basic needs and capabilities (food, water, health, housing, environment, security) – avoidance of pain

  • Autonomy of agency

  • Subjective well-being (from satisfaction, positive emotions to personal growth, fulfilling of desires)

  • Flourishing (self-respect, love, deep personal relations)

  • Social inclusion, integration?


Core attributes of quality of life collective
Coreattributesofqualityoflife (collective)

  • Civic integration

  • Equality, trust, reciprocity and other-regarding behaviour

  • Social integration, tolerance and respect for difference

  • Sustainability

  • Social cohesion


3 cases of bad quality of life
3 cases of bad quality of life

  • „green widow“ – womanwholives in a suburb, shespends a lot oftimealone, sheisusuallybored, shesuffersfromdepression…

  • „gipsy man“ – he lives in ghetto, he has a bigfamily, but his brotherowes a lot of money and he wantshim to help, sonow he has problemswith a police (he stole something)

  • „middle-classwoman“ – sheisabout 50 yearsold, she has boringjob, her childrenworkabroad, sheisdivorcedandnowshedoes not likemen, althoughshe has friends, sheis not satisfied (shegoesshoppingwiththem, butshe has nothing to talkwiththem)


4th homework
4th homework

  • Choose a meta-concept of quality of life (model, construct…) and contextualize your quality of life inside this concept (just prepare a speech)

    • Liveability, health, well-being, environmental quality, happiness, satisfaction…

  • You can have your identity or you can be someone else

  • I recommend you to read and inspire with D. Philip‘s publication Quality of life or I. Andráško‘s presentations



Homework
Homework

  • Choose a meta-concept of quality of life (model, construct…) and contextualize your quality of life inside this concept (just prepare a speech)

    • Liveability, health, well-being, environmental quality, happiness, satisfaction…

  • Is it possible to apply one holistic approach to research on quality of life?


Aplication of concepts
Aplication of concepts

  • Try to findthe most appropriateapproach (concept, model) forresearch on qualityoflife in differentregionsthroughtheworld (generalizethat)

  • Subjective x objectivedimension

  • Indicatorsofobjectivedimension

  • Example – Bhutan – conceptofhappinnessandwell-being – GNH indicator


Gross national happiness
Gross national happiness

  • Economic Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of economic metrics such as consumer debt, average income to consumer price index ratio and income distribution

  • Environmental Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of environmental metrics such as pollution, noise and traffic

  • Physical Wellness: Indicated via statistical measurement of physical health metrics such as severe illnesses

  • Mental Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of mental health metrics such as usage of antidepressants and rise or decline of psychotherapy patients

  • Workplace Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of labor metrics such as jobless claims, job change, workplace complaints and lawsuits

  • Social Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of social metrics such as discrimination, safety, divorce rates, complaints of domestic conflicts and family lawsuits, public lawsuits, crime rates

  • Political Wellness: Indicated via direct survey and statistical measurement of political metrics such as the quality of local democracy, individual freedom, and foreign conflicts.


Research on objective dimension of quality of life
Research on objectivedimensionofqualityoflife

  • Which domains should be included in research on quality of life?

  • Are some aspects more important than the others?

  • Could domains be measured by indicators?


5th homework
5th homework

  • Define 10 indicators for the most important aspects of quality of life

  • Find 10 real indicators which can be measured in SO ORP and which are available on the webpages (czso, mmr, mpsv, chmi…)

  • Write the definitions and sources and upload it into odevzdavarna



Indicators and measurements of quality of life
Indicatorsandmeasurementsofqualityoflife

  • Main domains of quality of life:

    • Economic dimension: financial security, economic freedom, employment, job opportunity…

    • Material dimension: housing, living condition, liveability…

    • Environmental dimension: natural environment, pollution, noise…

    • Physical health: wellness, health care…

    • Political dimension: democracy, freedom, independency…

    • Social dimension: social inclusion, security, stability, trust…

    • Mental health: satisfaction, self-realization, well-being…


Indicators and measurements of quality of life1
Indicatorsandmeasurementsofqualityoflife

  • Aim: to find 10 „ideal“ objective indicators which define and express all these dimensions

  • Are these indicators really objective?

  • Can we use them for measuring of quality of life in different regions?

  • Case study –regions (SO ORP):

    • Prague‘s quarter

    • Region with bigger city

    • Peripheral region


6th homework
6th homework

  • Thinkabout these questions:

    • Which (sub)domains / dimensionsofqualityoflife are not objectivelymeasurable? Whichshouldbeespeciallyincludedintoresearch on subjectivequalityoflife?

    • Whatisrelationbetweenobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsofqualityoflife (according to you)? Whatisrelationbetweenobjectiveandsubjectiveindicatorsofqualityoflife (according to you)? Whichindicators are more importantand more reflective areality? Objectiveorsubjective?



Objective x subjective
Objective x subjective

  • Which (sub)domains / dimensions of quality of life are not objectively measurable? Which should be especially included into research on subjective quality of life?

  • What is relation between objective and subjective indicators of quality of life (according to you)? Which indicators are more important and more reflective areality? Objective or subjective?


Combination of quantitative and qualitative approach
Combinationofquantitativeandqualitativeapproach

  • Example: questionnaire

  • Which aspects (domains) of quality of life are inquired?

  • Which method is prefered? Why?

  • What are the results of this research? For who? How could we interpret them?


Methodology of qualitative research
Methodologyofqualitativeresearch

  • Questionnaires

  • In-depth interviews

  • Mental mapping

  • Observation

  • Etnomethodological methods

  • Alternative methods…


How to realize research
How to realize research?

  • Youhave to frame:

    • Researchproblem (qualityoflife?)

    • Researchtopic (Qualityoflife in a region, in somecommunities, Domainsofqualityoflife…)

    • Researchquestion

  • Thenyouhave to define:

    • Goals

    • Focusgroups + focus region

    • Evaluation, interpretation, forwhoitisintented

    • Capacitiesx constraints (time, collaborators, money…)

    • > METHODS


7th homework
7th homework

  • Suggest and write methodical approach to measure subjective dimension of quality of life

  • Follow the points (framing problem, question…) and finally suggest appropriate method

  • Think about innovativeness, feasibility!



Results of research
Results of research

  • How to interpret the outputs of research? Could we generalise the results?

  • Should the geography help people to improve quality of life? Should we participate into this process? How?

  • What is the aim of quality of life‘s science? What is the purpose of science (or life)?


What is the best place for living
What is the best place for living?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I_OC322UeqU&feature=related

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3rNGzD5fWAo


8th homework
8th homework

  • Problem area: Cejl

    • Read articles in various medias about life in Cejl

    • Go to Cejl and think about their quality of life

      -> Prepare research question (unique, original and of course feasible) and goals of research

  • Is it really area with the worst quality of life? Why? Or should we investigate in other area?



Bad quality of life in brno
Bad quality of life in Brno?

  • Problem area: Cejl

  • Is it really area with the worst quality of life? Why? Or should we investigate in other area?

  • What is a focus group of research? Gypsies or non-gypsies?

  • Which are the most significant problems?

  • Which factors cause these problems?


Problem of social exclusion
Problem of social exclusion

  • Spatialsegregation -> social exlusion-> cumulation of socialproblems (conflicts, unemployment, debts, criminality, drugaddiction…)

  • Factorsofsocialexclusion?

    • Spatialfactors

    • Housing, livingcondition

    • Unemployment

    • Education

    • Culture...

  • Whichdomainsofqualityoflifeshouldweinquire? How?


Problem of housing
Problem of housing

  • Bad example:

    • Removal of gypsies into lodging house

    • No paying, cumulation of problem

    • No relation with place

      x

  • Good example:

    • Community planning

    • Parcipation of gypsies into process of reconstruction

    • Relation with place


Conclusion of etnographical research
Conclusionofetnographicalresearch

Právě primární výzkumné zaměření na lokalitu „Cejl“ vede nejen k opomíjení ostatních lokalit, ale také k opominutí faktu, že stále častěji dochází k přesunu obyvatel mimo tyto lokality, tj. že dochází k migraci v rámci města Brna. Vzhledem k plánovaným i realizovaným urbanistickým proměnám je třeba očekávat rozsáhlé změny v lokalitách a zároveň v charakteru a rozsahu zdejšího sociálního vyloučení a jeho přesouvání do lokalit jiných. Pro další výzkumy se tedy jako stěžejní jeví zaměřit se na přesuny ohnisek sociálního vyloučení a mechanismy, které je umožňují. S tímto faktem souvisí také zaměření výzkumu na samotné NNO a jejich činnost přesahující či kopírující hranice lokality, tj. monitoring toho, do jaké míry jsou tyto organizace připraveny reagovat na urbanistické změny a svou činnost směřovat do jiných částí města.

Source: „Dlouhodobý monitoring situace romských komunit v České republice: moravské lokality“ (2008)


9th homework
9th homework

  • Write down text that includes:

    • Review of your research question

    • Reformulation of goals of your research

    • Redefinition of problem localities

    • Methodical approaches



Specific research problem areas of living
Specific research – problemareasofliving

  • Review of your research question

  • Reformulation of goals of your research

  • Redefinition of problem localities

  • Methodical approaches


Real research
Real research

Realization?

Time, space?

Data?

Talking, observation?

Evaluation, interpretation?



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