The kennedy and johnson years
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The Kennedy and Johnson Years. 1960 – 1968. The Election of 1960. John F. Kennedy Mass. Democrat Roman Catholic 43 Richard M. Nixon Cal. Republican Vice President Television Debates http://www.history.com/video.do?name=elections&bcpid=1753161852&bclid=1811598662&bctid=1815667879

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The election of 1960
The Election of 1960

  • John F. Kennedy

    • Mass. Democrat

    • Roman Catholic

    • 43

  • Richard M. Nixon

    • Cal. Republican

    • Vice President

  • Television Debates

    • http://www.history.com/video.do?name=elections&bcpid=1753161852&bclid=1811598662&bctid=1815667879

  • One of the closest election in U.S. History

  • “Camelot”

    • The New Frontier

    • “Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country”




Jfk s cabinet the brain trust
JFK’s Cabinet“The Brain Trust”

  • VP-Lyndon B. Johnson

  • Sec. of State-Dean Rusk

  • Sec. of Defense-Robert McNamara

  • Attorney General-Bobby Kennedy


New frontier
New Frontier

  • The Economy

    • Minimum wage increased

  • Combating Poverty and Inequality

    • Michael Harrington’s The Other America

    • Wants direct aid

    • 24th Amendment (Poll Taxes)

  • The Space Program

    • NASA

    • Alan Shepard

    • John Glenn

    • 1969 – moon landing


Kennedy and the cold war
Kennedy and the Cold War

  • Continues peacetime military build-up

    • Nuclear and conventional weapons

  • Bay of Pigs and Operation Mongoose (1960 – 1961)

    • Failed attempts at invasion of Cuba and assassination of Castro by CIA

  • Peace Corps (est. 1961)

    • Young volunteers to third world countries (very popular)

  • Alliance for Progress (1961)

    • Latin American “Marshall Plan”, failed


Kennedy and the cold war1
Kennedy and the Cold War

  • Berlin Wall

    • Built in August 1961 – “ich bin eine Berliner”

  • Cuban Missile Crisis (October, 1962)

    • Krushchev and Kennedy face off

  • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (July, 1963)

    • Banned atmospheric testing

    • Moscow-D.C. “hotline”


Accomplishments
Accomplishments

  • 1961-Berlin Crisis (“Ich bin ein Berliner”)

  • 1962-Cuban Missile Crisis (Hey, we didn’t all die)

  • 1963-First arms talks with Soviets

  • Mild support for federal civil rights laws

  • Peace Corps




Failures
Failures

  • 1961-Bay of Pigs Invasion (kind of the reason we had to avoid death in the Missile Crisis)

  • Nuclear Build-up

  • No federal civil rights laws passed

  • 16,000 American troops sent to Vietnam

  • Tacit support for the assassination of Ngo Dinh Diem


Kennedy is assassinated
Kennedy is Assassinated

  • November 22, 1963

    • Dallas Texas

  • Warren Commission

    • Lee Harvey Oswald

      • Jack Ruby


Kennedy assassination
Kennedy Assassination

  • http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x3fhw1_jfk-assassination-digitally-remaste_news



The great society
The Great Society

  • LBJ’s Path to the White House

    • 1964 election

      • LBJ to continue Kennedy’s policies

      • Barry Goldwater (R) ran on conservative platform (Reagan 1980)

      • http://www.history.com/video.do?name=elections&bcpid=1753161852&bclid=1811598662&bctid=1815667879

  • Building the Great Society

    • The Tax Cut – economic boom

    • The War on Poverty – cost billions

      • Equal Opportunity Act

      • HUD

    • Aid to Education

    • Medicare (1965) and Medicaid

    • Immigration Reform

      • First come, first serve basis


The great society cont
The Great Society (cont.)

  • Earl Warren

    • Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) – right to a lawyer, even if you can’t afford one

    • Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) – right to a lawyer at time of arrest

    • Miranda v. Arizona (1966) – informed of rights

    • School prayer banned (1962)

  • Effects of the Great Society

    • Mixed Results

    • Nobody did more for the poor and civil rights

    • Costly programs and Vietnam


The great society and war on poverty
The Great Society and War on Poverty

  • Medicare (1965)

  • Department of Transportation

  • Dept. of Housing and Urban Development

  • Immigration and Nationality Services Act of 1965

  • Civil Rights Act of 1964

  • Voting Rights Act of 1965

  • 24th Amendment: no poll taxes

  • Open Housing Act

  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

  • Office of Economic Opportunity, Head Start, Job Corps, minimum wage law

  • Development funds for Appalachia


Lbj s foreign policy
LBJ’s Foreign Policy

  • Vietnam

    • Kennedy increased advisors

    • November 1963 coup in South Vietnam (supported by U.S.) Would Kennedy have withdrawn?

    • Aug. 1964, Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    • 1965 – 184,000 troops

    • 1966 – 385,000 troops

    • 1967 – 485,000 troops

    • 1968 – 538,000 troops


Vietnam
Vietnam

  • Commitment to containment and “domino theory” lead to increasing American involvement

  • 1964-Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

  • 1967-S.Vietnam becomes a democracy

  • 1968-Tet Offensive


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