Warm Up:. Review: The Treatment of Slaves in Rome and China. Vocabulary . Qin Shi Huangdi Han Chang’an Gentry. Questions. What political philosophy was the basis for the Qin dynasty? How was this philosophy applied in China?
Review: The Treatment of Slaves in Rome and China
The Origins of Imperial China, 221 b.c.e.–220 c.e.
A. Resources and Population
- Yellow and Yangzi River Valleys
- Building palaces, temples, roads, excavating and maintaining canals, working on imperial estates, working in mines
3. The Han
Compare and Contrast Confucianism and Legalism
B. Hierarchy, Obedience and Belief
C. The First Chinese Empire 221-207 B.C.E
3. Consolidation of Power
5. Transportation and Protection
- Allowed quick movement of army
- Precursor to the Great Wall
Artist rendering of Shi Huangdi’s Map Room
D. The Long Reign of the Han (206 B.C.E. -220 C.E.)
2. Military Expansion
3. The Emperor
4. The Government
5. The Gentry
- Studied Confucian classics
E. Technology and Trade
5. The Silk Road
F. Decline of the Han
1. High cost of maintaining security along frontiers
2. Nobles and merchants built large landowning's at expense of small farmers
3. System of military conscription broke down
1. The Han and Roman Empires were similar in respect to their family structure and values, their patterns of land tenure, taxation, and administration, and in their empire building and its consequences for the identity of the conquered areas.
2. Both empires faced common problems in terms of defense, and found their domestic economies undermined by their military expenditures.
3. Both empires were overrun by new peoples who were then deeply influenced by the imperial cultures of Rome and of China.
1. In China, the imperial model was revived and the territory of the Han Empire re-unified. The former Roman Empire was never again reconstituted.