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THIS SCHEDULE MAY BE MODIFIED DEPENDING UPON SPEAKER AVAILABILITY. Dr Bogardus. Susan Vannoni. Dr Bogardus. This will be a afternoon session covering section 6. Scott Simmons. Covered by pages 1-21. Section 6 Clinical Treatment Planning For External Beam, Brachytherapy & Hyperthermia.

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THIS SCHEDULE MAY BE MODIFIED DEPENDING UPON SPEAKER AVAILABILITY

Dr Bogardus

Susan Vannoni

Dr Bogardus

This will be a afternoon session covering section 6

Scott Simmons

Privileged and Confidential Work Product – Subject to the Attorney – Client Privilege


Section 6 clinical treatment planning for external beam brachytherapy hyperthermia

Covered by pages 1-21 AVAILABILITY

Section 6Clinical Treatment PlanningFor External Beam,Brachytherapy & Hyperthermia

1:30 to 2:00 PM Section 6

010514

40

Modified for 02-21-14

Privileged and Confidential Work Product – Subject to the Attorney – Client Privilege


Cpt codes

5 AVAILABILITY

CPT Codes

77261 - Therapeutic Radiology Treatment Planning;

Simple

77262 - Therapeutic Radiology Treatment Planning;

Intermediate

77263 - Therapeutic Radiology Treatment Planning;

Complex

CODES 77261 – 77263 ARE PROFESSIONAL CODES ONLY

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The Physician AVAILABILITY’s Clinical Treatment Plan is the single most important document in the clinical record

1

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The clinical treatment plan

It is here that the Physician describes in detail the plan of therapy.

The plan lays out the initial logic of the proposed course of treatment.

1

THE CLINICAL TREATMENT PLAN

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Description

2 of therapy.

Description

  • The clinical treatment planning process is a comprehensive cognitive effort performed by the radiation oncologist for every patient.

  • This is a professional service of the physician performed at the beginning of a course of radiation therapy.

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2 of therapy.

The course of therapy should be planned as completely as possible before the first treatment is delivered.

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3 of therapy.

Multiple types of clinical treatment plan formats are available depending upon the proposed mode of therapy to be planned

Each of these has an entirely different set of questions to be answered

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3 of therapy.

It must be understood that treatment planning is usually a one-time charge per course of therapy. CPT does not allow the flexibility of reporting multiple treatment plans for a single course of treatment unless a major change in the course of therapy has occurred.

If the patient develops a new problem, AND A NEW ICD-9 CODE IS NEEDED, then, a new or modified course of radiation therapy will be required, and a new treatment planning code may be reported at that time.

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NIB of therapy.

Second Clinical Treatment Plan Warning

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The original plan may be modified as the course of therapy progresses and the patient’s condition changes

NIB

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Occasionally the clinical treatment plan will be modified more than one time. Each modification may change the intent of the plan but is not a billable event.

NIB

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Occasionally the entire intent of the plan must be changed, more than one time. Each modification may change the intent of the plan still use the addendum format.

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If a change is made in the physicians clinical treatment plan is often a very good idea to also include a note in the weekly progress note outlining that these changes have occurred.

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Additional clinical treatment plans

Absolute CCI edits will prohibit payment for additional plans.

Multiple plans may be required if different modalities are being utilized such as a mixture of photons and electrons.

The physician must establish medical necessity for any additional plans.

Payment may still be denied.

3

Additional clinical Treatment Plans

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Documentation requirements

4-5 plans.

Documentation Requirements

  • Documentation must be maintained in the patient’s medical record to include evidence of the planning process covering, but not limited to:

  • Definition of the field of treatment

  • Selection of the beam energy to be used

  • Selection, or combination, of treatment modalities

  • Identification of the tumor volume

  • Identification of critical structures

  • An indication of the time/dose plan of therapy

  • An indication of the estimated final target dosage

  • An indication of any limiting dosages or dose points

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Rate of occurrence

77261 Simple 3% plans.

77262 Intermediate 1%

77263 Complex 96%

5

RATE OF OCCURRENCE

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Basic definitions as published in cpt 2009

5 plans.

Basic Definitions asPublished in CPT 2009

77261 Simple Treatment Planning

A few advanced disease treatment situations will fall within the category of simple treatment planning:

Small, single ports with simple or no blocking on a patient with a relatively uncomplicated history

Many benign disease treatments.

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Clinical case

6 plans.

- Clinical Case -

Carcinoma of the breast with bone metastasis.

This patient was initially diagnosed four years ago with a carcinoma of the breast. The patient underwent a radical mastectomy followed by multi-drug chemotherapy.

A bone scan showed metastatic disease in the T1-T2 area. She was treated with radiation therapy and had a good response. She now returns with a painful lumbar spine with a positive MRI scan.

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6 plans.

Metastatic disease to the lumbar spine

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6 Attorney – Client Privilege

Simple treatment planning case

CCN Page 121 – Figure 10.01B 2002

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7 Attorney – Client Privilege

Simple Plan 77261

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Basic definitions as published in cpt 20091

7 Attorney – Client Privilege

Basic Definitions asPublished in CPT 2009

77262 Intermediate Treatment Planning

Two separate treatment areas

Patients with bone metastasis in two different sites, bone and brain metastasis

Uncomplicated lung cancer, whole pelvis irradiation

or other uncomplicated situations

Simple parallel opposed portals

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Clinical case1

7 Attorney – Client Privilege

- Clinical Case -

62-year-old female, twenty years post-menopausal.

Patient recently had a D & C, which showed adenocarcinoma of the endometrium with involvement of 2/3 of the wall of the uterus.

She is now post-hysterectomy and is being planned for radiation therapy to the whole pelvis.

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7 Attorney – Client Privilege

77262

The treatment planning will be at the intermediate level. There are two sets of intermediate blocks, the AP/PA and laterals.

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Basic definitions

9 Attorney – Client Privilege

Basic Definitions

77263 Complex Treatment Planning

The patient may have early or advanced disease, which is complex in its distribution.

The treatment volume may contain multiple critical structures that may require planning of special protection.

Brachytherapy hyperthermia, chemotherapy, or surgery, may be planned.

Three or more areas may require treatment.

20/40

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Clinical case2

9 Attorney – Client Privilege

- Clinical Case -

53-year-old male with a diagnosis of a primary brain tumor, a Glioblastoma multiforme.

Recently operated by the neurosurgeon with subtotal removal of the primary tumor.

The patient is now being seen in Radiation Oncology to be treated postoperatively with IMRT to the high risk area in an attempt to prevent recurrence.

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9 Attorney – Client Privilege

The location in the brain, and the use of complex IMRT treatment makes this a very complex treatment plan.

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Clinical case3

10 Attorney – Client Privilege

- Clinical Case -

53-year-old female with Stage IV carcinoma of the breast, post chemotherapy.

Collapse of T5 due to metastatic disease.

Patient now being treated with Taxol.

Patient cautioned regarding cross toxicity of treatment with concurrent chemotherapy.

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Complex treatment planning case

10 Attorney – Client Privilege

Complex treatment planning case

There may be special circumstances where relatively simple treatment may become complex due to the proximity of critical structures, previous treatment fields, chemotherapy, or other situations. These cases require very thorough documentation as to reason and benefit.

The concurrent use of chemotherapy drives the treatment planning to the complex level.

CCN Page 125 – Figure 10.05 2002

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Historical background

12 Attorney – Client Privilege

Historical Background

The definitions for simple, intermediate, and complex treatment planning, dosimetry, simulation, and treatment delivery slowly evolved over the years from the first mention in AMA/CPT for radiation therapy in the early 1970's.

The ACR/ASTRO User's Guide for 2007 continued to expand and change the definitions of simple, intermediate, and complex until today the literal interpretation of these definitions can placeover 95% of all radiation therapy procedures at the complex level.

25/40

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12 Attorney – Client Privilege

Assignment of the level of treatment planning should not be done until the physician has fully described all of the parameters of the case.

The treatment plan complexity level must be set, dated, and billed prior to the first day of treatment.

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Definitions

13 Attorney – Client Privilege

Definitions

The assignment of the correct CPT Code for all radiation oncology procedures depends not only upon the primaryfactors relating to that procedure, but the complex interrelationship with other procedures performed before, during, or afterwards.

This protocol will allow you to weigh all of these factors and arrive at the correct level of complexity assignment. ONCOCHART performs this function automatically.

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Scoring treatment planning

13-14 Attorney – Client Privilege

Scoring Treatment Planning

There are basic factors that must always be present in treatment planning:

  • These factors form the foundation of a simpleplan.

  • An intermediate group of factors have a higher level of intensity and may require more than one to allow the appropriate elevation of complexity to the intermediate level.

  • There are other factors that carry enough time and work requirements to bring planning into the complex realm.

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14 Attorney – Client Privilege

Start the scoring process at the complex level. If any of these items are found, then the score is complex.

If none are found, then look in the intermediate group.

If none found here, the score will be simple by default as there will always be one or more of the simple items needed for treatment.

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Scoring clinical treatment planning
Scoring Clinical Treatment Planning Attorney – Client Privilege

Complex Factors; If any of these factors are found, Clinical, treatment planning will be scored as 77263

14

Intermediate Factors; If any of these factors are found, clinical treatment planning will be scored as intermediate, 77262.

Minor or Simple Factors; If any or all of these factors are found, clinical treatment planning will be scored as simple 77261

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15 Attorney – Client Privilege

This is a typical radiation oncology prescription form developed by a NCI panel in 1970 and still used today in some

Centers and hospitals.

For clinical conventional treatment planning, the basic questions don’t change

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16 Attorney – Client Privilege

ARIA-VARIAN

PHYSICIAN’S

TREATMENT

PLANNING

DOCUMENT

NOTE THE

SAME SET OF

QUESTIONS

BEING ASKED

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ONCOCHART Attorney – Client PrivilegeTreatment Planning

16

SAME QUESTIONS, DIFFERENT FORMAT

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A Treatment Planning Narrative Should be created Attorney – Client Privilege

To Complement the fill-out

Document for completeness.

19

77263

Note the use of Chemotherapy as well as IMRT.

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Clinical treatment planning

What Attorney – Client Privilege’s it for?

The process utilized by the physician while developing a plan of care.

Who normally documents these codes?

The Physician must produce a written document

When are these codes normally billed?

When the prescription for treatment is written prior to the start of treatment.

What Documentation is suggested for this code?

A written plan or filled out prescription form

What are the common errors identified with these codes?

Inadequate documentation, Wrong level of complexity for the service documented, Incorrect date of service, Multiple billing of this one time per course of therapy code.

20

Clinical Treatment Planning

40/40

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PRINCIPLES OF BILLING, CODING AND COMPLIANCE IN RADIATION ONCOLOGY

BMSi 2014

END SECT 6

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End Section 6 ONCOLOGY

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End Section 6 ONCOLOGY

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7 ONCOLOGY

Four-port whole pelvis

The treatment planning will be at the intermediate level. There are two sets of intermediate blocks, the AP/PA and laterals.

CCN Page 122 – Figure 10.02 2002

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Complex factors

14 ONCOLOGY

Complex Factors

  • Planning for IMRT, 3-D, or mixed beams.

  • Need for PET , MRI, or angiography for planning.

  • Three or more volumes to be planned

  • Moving portals, arcs.

  • Conformal collimation planned

  • Conformal shaped treatment blocks may be planned to more than four ports

  • Conformal MLC blocking

  • Five or more ports planned for a single volume

  • Custom blocked, primary treatment with electrons

  • One or more complex isodose curves required to plan the course of treatment

  • Use of brachytherapy is planned

  • Chemotherapy administered within the three months prior to starting treatment

  • Concurrent chemotherapy planned with the course of treatment

  • Re-treatment of a previous radiation therapy field must be considered

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Intermediate factors

15 ONCOLOGY

Intermediate Factors

  • Two separate areas or volumes to be planned for treatment

  • Custom blocking for relatively simple treatment

  • Intermediate MLC blocking

  • Four or fewer ports per single volume of treatment to be planned

  • The physician must consider the consequences of treating

  • sensitive structures

  • Simple immobilization devices may be required

  • Simple isodose curve to be planned

  • The patient may be preoperative or postoperative

  • Microdosimetry, TLD, diode, etc., planned

  • Wedge or compensator to be planned for relatively simple

  • treatment

  • Custom designed bolus to be planned for relatively simple

  • treatment

  • Use of electrons planned as part of course of treatment

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Minor or simple factors

15 ONCOLOGY

Minor or Simple Factors

  • Single area or volume to be planned for treatment

  • Simple or no blocking or bolus to be planned

  • Simple MLC Blocking

  • No special testing required.

  • Use of a single port or simple parallel opposed ports

  • Simple, unblocked electron port for small skin lesion

  • X-ray photons, any energy, cobalt 60 teletherapy, kilovoltage, any energy

  • A single central axis dose point is all that is required

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THIS SCHEDULE MAY BE MODIFIED DEPENDING UPON SPEAKER AVAILABILITY

Dr Bogardus

Dr Bogardus

This will be afternoon session covering section 6, 5, and9

Susan Vannoni

Scott Simmons

Privileged and Confidential Work Product – Subject to the Attorney – Client Privilege


PRINCIPLES OF BILLING, CODING AND COMPLIANCE IN RADIATION ONCOLOGY

BMSi 2013

END SECT 6

Next Session at 1:30 to 3:00

Section #5 E/M Codes

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