Essay . Non-Fiction Writing . One of the main focuses this year will be to work on your non-fiction writing (Academic essay) What does non-fiction writing look like? Proposes a claim. Clear thesis Evidence supporting your claim A conclusion . Examples.
One of the main focuses this year will be to work on your non-fiction writing (Academic essay)
What does non-fiction writing look like?
Proposes a claim.
Evidence supporting your claim
The Claim: The students could not learn because it was too hot.
English Class: Unimpeded by clouds, the sun glared upon the school. The students stuck to their chairs like glue while their shirts were soaked in perspiration. The line-up for the water-fountain stretched from hallway to hallway. It was dreadfully clear, it was too hot for the students to learn.
On Tuesday, October 8th, 2014 the students at Collingwood were in school on a day which saw a high of 40 degrees Celsius. Research indicates that the optimal temperature for learning is 18 degrees Celsius. Therefore, it was too hot for the students to learn.
Because the bill was so narrowly passed, Charles thought that if he arrested the leaders of the bill, parliament would be on his side. Clearly there were still some people in parliament who supported him.
With 500 soldiers, Charles stormed parliament to arrest the leading MPs.
However, his scheme hadn’t been so secretive, and the 5 MP had escaped.
This move was in clear violation of the “Privilege of Parliament” so no arrests were made, only new enemies in Parliament.
In retaliation to Charles’s smooth move, open rebellions sprung up in the streets
Thousands of citizens armed themselves and surrounded Parliament. The leading MPs returned to their seats to the cheers of their peers.
Charles, fled London, went North to Nottingham, where he would have support.
The queen, Henrietta Maria, did her job… she brought the royal jewels with her, to help pay for her husband’s army.
In Nottingham, Charles raised his standard, effectively declaring war on Parliament.
Civil War Begins
If you supported the king (Charles I) , you were a..
Answer: Royalist or Cavalier
What is a Cavalier?
Royalists were comprised of..
Noble Families, used to formal riding, experience commanders.
Farmers, townspeople with almost no military experience.
Parliament did control the navy, and the richest part of the country (the south)
Question: Would a longer war best suit the King or the Parliament?
New army for the Parliament, highly disciplined, religious, well-equipped
Oliver Cromwell ?
Commander of the New Model Army 1645
October 23, 1642, London : No clear Winner
Adwalton Moor : June 30, 1643
4,000 Parliamentary soldiers defear 10,000 Royalists,
Marston Moor, July 2, 1644 : Parliament wins
Naseby: June 14, 1645. Parliament wins
Many were left at home to manage lands and estates.
There were often struggles as both armies plundered their homes and farms
Plunder : to take goods by force
Some travelled with the armies to support the cause.
Many women died on these journeys
Temporary Parliament during the Civil War
Composed of Puritans who wanted Charles gone.
Puritans take control of the Parliament through force (Colonel Pride – his Puritan led army
Charge the king of treason and put him on trial
Treason: An act against one’s one nation.
1647 – Charles had signed an agreement with the Scots that he would support Presbyterianism (main religion in Scotland) in exchange for military aid against the parliament .
The Scots did invade parliament - were defeated by Cromwell
Found guilty – sentenced to death by beheading.
Activity : Pretend you’re a lawyer for Charles I and the parliament.
On one side, in full sentences, explain why Charles should NOT be executed, on the other side explain why he should be executed.
Hand it in, and study for the quiz..