Therapy and change
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

Therapy and Change PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Therapy and Change. Chapter 17. Therapy. Psychotherapy an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties Eclectic Approach

Download Presentation

Therapy and Change

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Therapy and change

Therapy and Change

Chapter 17


Therapy

Therapy

  • Psychotherapy

    • an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties

  • Eclectic Approach

    • an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client’s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy


Psychoanalysis

Psychoanalysis

  • Psychoanalysis

    • Freud believed the patient’s free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences – and the therapist’s interpretations of them – released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight

    • use has rapidly decreased in recent years

  • Resistance

    • blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material


Free association

Free Association

  • School of thought: Psychoanalysis (psychoanalysis is long term – it takes years)

  • During session the client says whatever comes to mind (no filter)

  • Goal – unconscious feels to become conscious

  • Resistance – “drawing a blank,” can’t think of what to say; analyst finds anxieties here


Dream analysis

Dream Analysis

  • School of Thought: Psychoanalysis

  • Finding unconscious thoughts through dreams

  • Manifest content – what you remember about your dream

  • Latent content – hidden meaning of dream (symbolic)

  • www.dreammoods.com


Be careful of

Be careful of:

  • Transference – the client feeling toward a therapist in the way that he/she feels about an important figure in his/her life

  • Countertransference – the therapist feeling toward a client in the way that he/she feels about an important figure in his/her life


Client centered therapy

Client-Centered Therapy

  • School of Thought: Humanist (self-actualization)

  • Nondirective therapy – the client decides what should be discussed and what direction therapy should go through:

    - Active listening – restating what had been said

    - Unconditional Positive Regard – acceptance no matter what


Behavior therapy

Behavior Therapy

  • Behavior Therapy

    • therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

  • Counterconditioning

    • procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors

    • based on classical conditioning

    • includes systematic desensitization and aversive conditioning


Counterconditioning

Counterconditioning

  • Systematic desensitization – Step by step process to overcome fearEx. Fear of spiders

    1. Look at picture of spider.

    2. See spider on TV.

    3. See spider (in a cage).

    4. Touch spider while someone else holds it.

    5. Hold spider.

    • Works well with OCD too

  • Aversive Conditioning

    • type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior

    • nausea ---> alcohol


Systematic desensitization

Systematic Desensitization


Aversive conditioning

Aversive Conditioning

  • type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior

  • nausea ---> alcohol


Token economy

Token Economy

  • an operant conditioning procedure that rewards desired behavior

  • patient exchanges a token of some sort, earned for exhibiting the desired behavior, for various privileges or treats

    (Autism/Asperger’s)


Cognitive therapy

Cognitive Therapy

  • teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting

  • based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions


Rational emotive therapy

Rational – Emotive Therapy

  • Goal is to correct false and self-defeating beliefs

  • Techniques: role playing, humor, ABC method (Activating event, Belief, Consequent Emotion – goal is to change B)


Cognitive behavior therapy

Cognitive-Behavior Therapy

  • Changing behavior by changing the way the client looks at the current situation

  • Emphasis on setting goals and positive thoughts

  • Basically a combination of Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Therapy (most common form of therapy)


Family therapy

Family Therapy

  • Index person – the one who brings everyone to therapy

  • Designed to help increase communication amongst family members so that issues can be resolved in a fair way


Group therapy

Group Therapy

  • Group members work together with people who are struggling with the same issues

  • Advantage – group leaders can help more people

  • Disadvantage – less one on one time (if any)

  • Self-Help Groups – more specific type of group therapy with a professional therapist leading the group (Ex. AA)


Drug therapy

Drug Therapy

  • School of Thought: Biological

  • Antipsychotics – medication to reduce hallucinations, delusions, etc (blocks dopamine)

  • Antidepressants – used to regulate neurotransmitters to decrease depression

  • Lithium – used to reduce symptoms of bipolar disorder

  • Antianxiety drugs – regulates neurotransmitters to reduce anxiety (many antidepressants are used for anxiety patients)


Electroconvulsive therapy

Electroconvulsive Therapy

  • School of Thought: Biological

  • Brief shocks into brain to treat manic episodes, severe depression, and some types of schizophrenia


Psychosurgery

Psychosurgery

  • School of Thought: Biological

  • Very rare (less than 200 done in 1997)

  • Patients who are very violent, have extreme depression or schizophrenia may receive a lobotomy (destroying frontal lobe)

  • This takes away the inability to plan, making the patient less threatening, but also less able to function


Therapists and their training

Therapists and Their Training

  • Clinical psychologists

    • Most are psychologists with a Ph.D. and expertise in research, assessment, and therapy, supplemented by a supervised internship

    • About half work in agencies and institutions, half in private practice


Therapists and their training1

Therapists and Their Training

  • Clinical or Psychiatric Social Worker

    • A two-year Master of Social Work graduate program plus postgraduate supervision prepares some social workers to offer psychotherapy, mostly to people with everyday personal and family problems

    • About half have earned the National Association of Social Workers’ designation of clinical social worker


Therapists and their training2

Therapists and Their Training

  • Counselors

    • Marriage and family counselors specialize in problems arising from family relations

    • Pastoral counselors provide counseling to countless people

    • Abuse counselors work with substance abusers and with spouse and child abusers and their victims


Therapists and their training3

Therapists and Their Training

  • Psychiatrists

    • Physicians who specialize in the treatment of psychological disorders

    • Not all psychiatrists have had extensive training in psychotherapy, but as M.D.s they can prescribe medications. Thus, they tend to see those with the most serious problems

    • Many have a private practice


  • Login