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Warm Up. Look around the room and even in your book bags and on you. Can you identify things that were made in other countries? Why do you think they were? What are some advantages and disadvantages of getting those items from that country?. Essential Standard1.00.

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Warm up

Warm Up

  • Look around the room and even in your book bags and on you. Can you identify things that were made in other countries? Why do you think they were? What are some advantages and disadvantages of getting those items from that country?


Essential standard1 00

Essential Standard1.00

Understand the role of business in the global economy.


Objective 1 03

Objective 1.03

Understand business in the global marketplace.


Topics

Topics

  • Factors and regulations companies have to consider when doing business in the global market place

  • Main entry modes for companies to enter the global marketplace

  • Main international trade organizations


Warm up

Factors and regulations companies have to consider when doing business in the global market place


Domestic vs international businesses

Domestic vs. InternationalBusinesses

  • Domestic business is the making, buying, and selling of goods and service within a country.

  • International business, also called foreign or world trade, refers to business activities needed for creating, shipping, and selling goods and services across national borders.


Business advantage factors

Business Advantage Factors

  • Absolute advantage exists when a country can produce a good or service at a lower cost than other countries.

    • Example: Saudi Arabia-Oil production, Columbia-coffee, Virgin Islands-sand

  • Comparative advantage is a situation in which a country specializes in the production of a good or service at which it is relatively more efficient.

    • Examples: China-manufacturing of clothes and household goods, America-Technology, Japan-Electroncs


  • International trade

    International Trade

    • Imports are items bought from other countries.

      • Examples may include furniture, tax preparation services, or bananas.

  • Exports are goods and services sold to other countries.

    • Examples may include silver, or software.

      http://www.census.gov/indicator/www/ustrade.html

      http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/current_press_release/exh7.pdf

      http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/current_press_release/exh8.pdf


  • Think about it

    Think about it…

    • Make 2 charts comparing advantages and disadvantages for both exporting and importing. Be prepared to share.


    Importing advantages and disadvantages

    ImportingAdvantages and Disadvantages

    • Advantages

      • Some goods would not otherwise be available (diamonds)

      • Lower cost due to lower labor or raw material costs

      • Perceived higher quality of goods (French perfume)

      • Some consumers just like to own foreign goods

    • Disadvantages

      • Some goods would cost more without competition of imported goods.

      • Possibly goods may be unavailable.


    Exporting advantages and disadvantage s

    ExportingAdvantages and Disadvantage(s)

    • Advantages

      • Exporting creates jobs.

      • Exporting provides access to goods usually unavailable.

    • Disadvantage(s)

      • Jobs may depend on global business.


    Measuring of trade relations

    Measuring of Trade Relations

    • What is a way to measure trade relations?

    • Balance of trade or balance of payments

    • Why are measures of trade relations completed?

    • Nations are concerned with balancing income with expenditures.

    • Foreign debt is the amount of money a country owes to other countries.


    Measuring of trade relations continued

    Measuring of Trade Relations continued

    Balance of trade is the difference between a country’s total exports and total imports.

    • If a country exports more than it imports, it has a trade surplus. This is favorable.

    • If a country imports more than it exports, it has a trade deficit. This is unfavorable.


    Practice

    Practice

    http://www.census.gov/foreign-trade/balance/

    • Select 2 countries that you think the U.S. does the most trading with and a third that you are just curious about.

    • Use the above website to find the values of its exports? Imports? Balance of Trade? For the most recent year.

    • Find previous balance of trades to discover a trend.


    Us trade in us dollars

    US Trade in US Dollars


    Measuring of trade relations continued1

    Measuring of Trade Relationscontinued

    Balance of payments is the difference between the amount of money that comes into a country and the amount that goes out of it.

    • If a country receives more money in a year than it pays out, it has favorable balance.

    • If a country sends more money out than it brings in, it has an unfavorable balance.


    Warm up comparative vs absolute advantage

    Warm Up- Comparative vs. Absolute advantage

    • Assume LeBron is both a great basketball player and a great lawn mower. However, LeBron has a young neighbor named Scotty who is willing to mow his lawn. Write the following facts on the board (perhaps in the form of a table):

    • LeBron can mow his lawn in two hours. He could also film a Nike commercial in two hours and make $10,000. So, James' opportunity cost of mowing his lawn is $10,000.

    • Neighbor Scotty can mow LeBron's lawn in four hours. He could also work at McDonald's for four hours and make $8 per hour. So, Scotty's opportunity cost of mowing LeBron's lawn is $32.

    • Who has an absolute advantage in mowing the lawn? (less resources- time)

    • Who has comparative advantage in mowing the lawn? (lower opportunity cost)

    • Would LeBron and Scotty both benefit from a trade? (if ..)

    • http://www.econedlink.org/lessons/index.php?lid=794&type=educator


    International currency exchange rate main factors

    International Currency Exchange Rate Main Factors

    • The foreign exchange market is where banks buy and sell different currencies.

    • The exchange rate is the value of a currency in one country when compared with the value in another.

    • http://www.x-rates.com/


    International currency exchange rate main factors continued

    International Currency Exchange Rate Main Factors Continued

    Main factors affecting currency exchange rates are:

    • Balance of payments

      • influenced by demand for a nations goods and services.

      • If the balance of payment is favorable, then usually currency is steady and rising in value.

      • If unfavorable, then usually the currency is declining in value.

    • Economic conditions

      • Inflation decreases buying power of currency

      • Interest rates that are high decreases demand to borrow money.

    • Political stability

      • Could be impacted by changes in government or laws.


    International business environment factors

    International Business Environment Factors

    • The main environmental issues that could impact conducting business in the global marketplace.

    • Cultural influences

      • In a country company executives may prefer to meet with people of the same culture.

  • Economic development

    • A country may have limited transportation methods that may limit travel distances to purchase imported goods.

  • Geography

    • A country with a lot of natural resources may have to rely on exports more.

  • Political-legal issues

    • A country’s government only collects about ¼ of his housing property taxes. This could be a sign of weak government that is ignored by the its citizens.


  • International business environment factors continued

    International Business Environment Factors continued

    Four main factors:

    Geography

    Cultural Influences

    Economic Development

    Political and Legal Concerns


    International business environment factors continued1

    International Business Environment Factors continued

    A country’s geography includes:

    Location

    Climate

    Terrain

    Seaports

    Natural Resources

    The geography of a country could impact its natural resources and export and import of resources.


    International business environment factors continued2

    International Business Environment Factors continued

    Cultural factors that may Influence how business is conducted in the global marketplace:

    Language

    Religion

    Family

    Food

    Values

    Customs

    Social Relationships

    The accepted behavior, customs and values of a society could impact business activities.


    International business environment factors continued3

    International Business Environment Factors Continued

    Key effects of a country’s economics that may influence conducting business in a global marketplace:

    Education and Literacy level

    Inflation

    Technology

    Exchange rate

    Agricultural dependency

    Infrastructure

    Transportation

    Communication

    Utilities systems

    A country’s economic development impacts its citizens standard of living and business activities.


    International business environment factors continued4

    International Business Environment Factors continued

    Political and legal concerns that may influence business activities in a global marketplace:

    Type of Government

    Stability of government

    Government policies for businesses relevant to trade barriers

    Political and legal concerns influence business activities in the global marketplace.


    Main international trade barrier factors

    Main International Trade Barrier Factors

    Embargo

    Government bans the import or export of specified goods.

    Why would a government place an embargo?

    To protect a good or service from too much competition in a global market place more that what a quota or tariff could.

    To protect sensitive goods.

    Quotas

    A limit on the quantity of good that may be imported or exported within a given period to regulate international trade.

    Why would a company or country set a quota?

    To regulate the supply and prices.

    To protect a good or service from too much competition in a global market place.

    Tariffs

    Taxes on certain imported products which increases prices.

    Why would a government use a tariff?

    To protect the supply of goods.


    Encouragement of international trade factors

    Encouragement of InternationalTrade Factors

    Main factors are:

    Common Market: Countries that are members freely invest in one another.

    Examples:

    European Union (EU)

    Latin American Integration Association (LAIA)


    Encouragement of international trade factors continued

    Encouragement of InternationalTrade Factors continued

    Free-Trade Agreement: Countries that are members remove duties and trade barriers on products traded among them to increase trade between members.

    Example

    NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement) between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.


    Encouragement of international trade factors continued1

    Encouragement of InternationalTrade Factors continued

    Free-trade zones: Include selected areas that allow duty-free products to be imported, and then stored, assembled, and/or used in manufacturing. The activities usually occur around a seaport or airport.


    Warm up

    Main entry modes for companies to enter the global marketplace


    Main entry modes to the global marketplace

    Main Entry Modes to the Global Marketplace

    Franchising is allowing a business the rights to use another company’s name or process in a specific way.

    Examples:

    H & R Block

    Dunkin’ Donuts

    Licensing is selling the right to a company to use some intangible property (production process, trademark, or brand name) for a fee or royalty.

    Examples:

    Beyond Juice Cafés


    Main entry modes to the global marketplace continued

    Main Entry Modes to the Global Marketplace continued

    • Joint venture happens when two or more companies agree to share a business project.

      • What are some examples?

        • Cable company and television stations

        • Oil lube and tire service company


    Warm up

    Main international trade organizations


    Main international trade organizations

    Main International Trade Organizations

    • International Monetary Fund (IMF)

    • World Bank

    • World Trade Organization (WTO)


    Main international trade organizations continued

    Main International Trade Organizations continued

    International Monetary Fund (IMF)

    Helps promote economic cooperation and maintain an orderly system of world trade and exchange rates.

    World Bank

    Provides economic aid to developing countries to fund building communications systems, transportation networks, and energy plans.


    Main international trade organizations continued1

    Main International Trade Organizations continued

    World Trade Organization (WTO)

    Settles trade disputes and enforces free-trade agreements among its members.


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