Estime project elaboration of country leaflets
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ESTIME project --- Elaboration of country leaflets. Françoise Laville, Jean Thèves Observatory of Science and Technology (OST), Paris, France. Presentation by OST. Methodology used by OST Production of leaflet – model Needs and further work. Presentation by OST.

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ESTIME project --- Elaboration of country leaflets

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Estime project elaboration of country leaflets

ESTIME project ---Elaboration of country leaflets

Françoise Laville, Jean Thèves

Observatory of Science and Technology (OST),

Paris, France

ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


Presentation by ost

Presentation byOST

  • Methodology used by OST

  • Production of leaflet – model

  • Needs and further work

ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


Presentation by ost1

Presentation by OST

  • ESTIME : project devoted to analysis and evaluation of the R&DI system of partner countries

  • OST work : production of indicators on the R&DI system based on OST database

ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


Estime general context 1

ESTIME general context (1)

  • Evaluating the R&DI system of the countries based on:

    • Macro-analysis based on OST indicators

    • Country surveys done by ESTIME researchers ;

    • Exploitation of local data/information sources ;

    • Strategic country reports

ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


Estime general context 2

ESTIME general context (2)

  • Macro-analysis done by OST :

    • Country report based on indicators calculated with OST database;

    • Integrating country local data to produce more complete « leaflets »;

    • Contribution to the strategic country report

ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


Description of a leaflet

Description of a « leaflet »

  • Country report based on quantitative indicators for :

    • In first approach 8 countries of the 12 involved in the project

    • Context countries chosen by ESTIME members

  • Describing the National RDI system in order to get better visibility of the Mediterrean Country Partners

ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


General plan of a leaflet 1

General plan of a leaflet (1)

  • General data on the country studied

  • « Input » indicators:

    • Funding and expenditures for R&D (GERD)

    • R&D personnel and researchers

  • « Output » indicators based on:

    • Scientific publications and co-publications

    • Citations (visibility of the publications)

    • Patents (technology)

  • ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    General plan of a leaflet 2

    General plan of a leaflet (2)

    • Student mobility

      • Number of students of the country enrolled in higher education in other countries (EU25, USA…)

  • European Framework program participations

    • Participations in FP 4 and FP 5

    • Co-participations of the country with EU25 countries

  • ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Methodological aspects publications 1 4

    Methodological aspects : publications (1/4)

    • Database : SCI expanded (from ISI-Thomson Scientific)

      • Set of a few thousand internationally recognised journals (extended version) (without SHS)

      • ISI specialities = set of journals

      • OST disciplines = group of ISI specialities

      • OST sub-disciplines = group of ISI specialities based on citation network

  • Limitations of the source

    • No data for Palestinian Authorities

    • Only country level for MPC (no lab address)

    • No SHS indicators

    • No local journals

  • ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Methodological aspects type of counting 2 4

    Methodological aspects : type of counting (2/4)

    • « Fractionnal » counting : contribution of a country to an article: additionnal

    • « Distinct integer » counting : participation of a country to an article if in the publication: not additionnal

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Methodological aspects leaflet indicators 3 4

    Methodological aspects : Leaflet indicators (3/4)

    • Indicators used in the leaflets:

      • World share of publications:

        • Country total publications / world total

    • Specialisation index:

      • For one country : discipline world share / all disciplines world share

  • Internationalisation of publications:

    • For one country : International co-publications / total publications

    • List of partnerships

  • Visibility indicators:

    • Citation ; impact; etc…

  • ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Methodological aspects visibility indicators 4 4

    Methodological aspects : visibility indicators (4/4)

    • Calculation of articles’ citations in a 2 years window

      • For each article, within 2 years following publication, count of number of times the article was cited.

      • Citation world shares : Country total citations / world total citations

      • Impact index

        • Ratio on citation number to publication number in one discipline and/or country. An impact index is bigger than 1 if in the discipline considered, there are more citations than articles.

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Methodological aspects students

    Methodological aspects : students

    • Foreign students in Higher Education

      • Use of OECD database

      • Data based on national reports from countries ; no systematic report

      • National reports on enrolled foreign students

  • For the leaflets:

    • Tertiary education corresponds to ISCED 5 + ISCED 6

    • No data on degrees awarded for foreign students

  • ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Methodological aspects participations in fp

    Methodological aspects: participations in FP

    • Number of participations in EU framework program (FP4 and FP5):

      • Use of CORDIS database

      • Indicators on co-participation in projects

  • No data on FP6 at that time in the OST database…

  • ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Need of more data for input indicators

    Need of more data for input indicators

    • Data too old (1996 or 1997) or missing

    • Input indicators

      • General characteristics on country (GDP, labor force..)

      • Data on R&D : funding sources, sectors of expenditures

      • Data on human resources (researchers or/and R&D personnel)

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Need of more data for ouput indicators

    Need of more data for ouput indicators

    • For most of the studied countries no data in international patent databases (EPO, WIPO..)

    • Technological production of these countries based on local patenting

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Data used in a leaflet algeria tunisia

    Data used in a leaflet: Algeria, Tunisia

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Input indicators tunisia gerd gdp

    Input indicators: Tunisia: GERD/GDP

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Input indicators tunisia gerd gdp1

    Input indicators: Tunisia: GERD/GDP

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Organisation chart of algeria

    Organisation chart of Algeria

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Science indicators world shares of publications for algeria and context contries

    Science indicators : world shares of publications for Algeria and context contries

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    World shares of scientific publications for algeria 1993 1997 2001

    World shares of scientific publications for Algeria (1993, 1997, 2001)

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Repartition of scientific publications for algeria for 8 disciplines and evolution 1993 1997 2001

    Repartition (%) of scientific publications for Algeria for 8 disciplines and evolution (1993, 1997, 2001)

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Science indicators world specialisation index of publications for algeria 1993 2001

    Science indicators : world specialisation index of publications for Algeria (1993, 2001)

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Science indicators impact index of publications for algeria and context countries

    Science indicators : impact index of publications for Algeria (and context countries)

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Cordis eu indicators participations in 5th fp

    Cordis (EU) indicators : participations in 5th FP

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Oecd indicators algerian students abroad

    OECD indicators : Algerian students abroad

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Oecd indicators algerian students abroad1

    OECD indicators : Algerian students abroad

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


    Summary of ost s needs

    Summary of OST’s needs

    ESTIME – Amman - April 2005


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