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Verbo To Be. Am. I You We They He She It. Are. IS. Interrogativas. Interrogativas. Verbo To be You are / were playing football. Are / Were you playing football? Auxiliares – do / does ( Presente ) She plays the piano very well. Does she play the piano very well?

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Verbo To Be


Am

I

You

We

They

He

She

It

Are

IS


Interrogativas


Interrogativas

  • Verbo Tobe

    You are / were playing football.

    Are / Were you playing football?

  • Auxiliares – do/does (Presente)

    She plays the piano very well.

    Does she play the piano very well?

  • Auxiliares – did (Passado)

    She played the piano very well.

    Did she play the piano very well?


Presente


Presente

I

You

We

They

He

She

It

Work

Works


Diagram of Frequency

Always

Often

Rarely

Never

100%

0%

Usually

Seldom

Frequently

Sometimes


Presente Contínuo


Presente Contínuo

Presente do verbo to be+ verbo + ing

I am

You are

He is

She is

It is

We are

You are

They are

+to be+Working

I amworkingnow.


You are not wearing

He is walking

You are not doing

You are sitting

They are not eating


Passado


Passado

I

You

He, She, It

We

You

They

Worked / drove

(Regular) (Irregular)


Usos

  • Ações definidas no passado com expressões que indicam passado (yesterday, ago, lastnight, etc)

    Jack swan in the gym lastnight.

    Kate saw a ghost two months ago.


Passado Contínuo


Passado Contínuo

  • Passado do verbo to be + verbo + ing

    I

    You

    He, She, It

    We

    You

    They

+ passado do ToBe+Working/driving

I wasworking yesterday.


Usos

  • Ação que estava acontecendo no passado

    Theyweretalkingwith me yesterday.

  • Ação que estava acontecendo e começou outra

    Shewasplayingguitarwhenthebellrang.


met

was shopping

waswalking

began

wasworking

hurted

wasstaying

went

did

forgot

were living

was

wasworking

saw

wastalking

went


Futuros


Futuro Simples

  • Afirmativa – will + verbo no infinitivo sem o “to”

    I willsing next week.

    It willrain next week.


Futuro Contínuo

  • Will + be + verbo + ing

    At this time next week, I willbetravelling to Paris.

  • Dizer que algo estará em andamento em um certo instante no futuro

    Iwill beliving in London next year.


Futuro com “going to”

  • Verbo tobe + goingto+ verbo no infinitivo sem “to” (geralmente com advérbiodetempo)

    Iamgoing towatch a movietomorrow.

  • Expressar intenções, planos ou decisões

    Sheisgoingtoeat pasta.


Leave/room

KATE

JOHN

PAULO

MARY


Presente Perfeito


Presente Perfeito

  • Have / has + 3ª coluna

    They haveseen a blue bird.

  • Ação indefinita no passado

    We havefinished our homework.

  • Com since (= desde) e for (= há, faz)

    She haslived in London since 1983.


Passado vs. Presente Perfeito

  • Passado – especifica o tempo

    Paul lost his keys yesterday.

  • PresentePerfeito – não especifíca o tempo

    Paul haslost his keys.


Present Perfect vs. Simple Past

  • Peter _______ football yesterday.

  • The girls _______________ their lunch yet.

  • Last year we ______ to Italy.

  • _____ you _____ the game of chess?

played

have not eaten

went

Have

won


Passado Perfeito


Passado Perfeito

  • Had + 3ª coluna

    After I hadfinished lunch, I watched TV.

  • Ação que ocorreu no passado antes de outra ação também no passado

    He didn’tgo to the cinema because he had already seen the movie.


had spent

wanted

had phoned

left

had washed

turned on

arrived

had

started


Adjetivos e Pronomes Possessivos


Adjetivos Possessivos


Adjetivos Demonstrativos


Pronomes Relativos e Reflexivos


Pronomes Relativos


Pronomes Relativos

  • Who = quem – usado antes de verbo e pessoa

    The lady wholeft the room is my cousin.

  • Whom = quem – usado apenas antes de pessoa

    The lady whomI talked to is my cousin.


Pronomes Relativos

  • Which = que, o (a) qual – usado quando o antecedente for coisa

    Thebakerywhich is onthe corner is verycheap.

  • That = que – usado quando o antecedente for pessoaou coisa

  • Whose = cujo (a) – usado quando o antecedente for pessoaou coisa, indicando posse

    Jane is thewomanwhosecarhecrashedinto.


Pronomes Relativos

  • Where = onde – indica lugar

    The factory where I work is far from here.

  • When = quando - indica tempo

    Is there a timewhen we can meet?

  • Why = por que – indica razão

    The reason why I’m crying is to invite you to the party.


who

which

whose

whose

who


Pronomes Reflexivos


Usos

  • Pronome Reflexivo – após o verbo da oração, concordando com o sujeito

    She combsherself before living.

  • Pronome Recíproco – each other e one another

    John and Mary love eachother.


himself

herself

ourselves

yourself

myself

himself


Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Comparativo de Igualdade Positivo

    As cold as = tão frio quanto

    Winter is as cold as Autumn.

  • Comparativo de Inferioridade

    Less cold than = menos frio que

    Autumn is less cold than Winter.


Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Comparativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Pequenas – er

    Tall – taller

    I’m taller than you.

  • Comparativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Grandes – more ... than

    Careful – morecarefulthan

    An adult is morecarefulthan a child.


Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Superlativo de Inferioridade

    Theleast cold = o menos frio

    Summer is the least cold season.


Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Superlativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Grandes – the ... est

    Tall – thetallest

    I’m thetallest person in the class.

  • Superlativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Pequenas – the most

    Careful – themostcareful

    Snakes are the mostcareful animal on Earth.


as fast as

not as tall as

not as low as

as bad as

as optimistic as

not as windy as


Graus dos Adjetivos Irregulares


nicer

older

mostdifficult

mostinteresting

better

more boring


Verbos Modais


Resumo

  • Can, could, beableto, may, mightpermissão, possibilidade

  • Should, oughtto conselho

  • Must, haveto obrigação, dever

  • Wouldrather preferência

  • Besupposedto expectativa

  • Usedto/beusedto hábito passado/presente


Can / Could

She Can/could/beableto/may/might play the piano.

You should/oughtto/had better study more.

You must stop at a stop sign.

I would rather stay home than go to the party.

Classes are supposed to begin at 7:00.

She used to/is used to spend her holidays at the seaside.


Exercícios

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1859#a

http://users.telenet.be/oldlark2002/GRAMMAR/MODAL-VERBS-1-MULTIPLE-CHOICE.htm

http://www.englishpage.com/grammar/Modal_Verbs/Exercises/


Fala Reportada


Fala Reportada

  • Mudanças Verbais


Fala Reportada

  • Mudanças Temporais


Fala Reportada

FalaDireta

Sam: I amgoing to buy a bike tomorrow.

FalaReportada

Sam saidthathewasgoing to buy a bike thefollowingday.


Caso Genitivo


Genitive Case

  • Indicar posse

  • Regra geral  acrescentar ’s aos substantivos que não terminam em s.

    Jane’s flat is big.

  • Se terminar em s, acrescenta-se apenas ’ (apóstrofe).

    The birds’ wings.


Genitive Case

Peter’s

Smiths’

Children’s

John’s

Steve’s

Susan

Men’s

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=2452


Infinitivo vs. Gerundio


Infinitivo

  • Forma normal do verbo

  • Utilizado com ou semto

  • Após adjetivos, advérbios e substantivos

    It’s easyto play the piano.


Gerundio

  • Forma ing do verbo

  • Após preposições (IMPORTANTE)

    I’m afraid offalling down.


Infinitivo / Gerundio

to answer

to get

seeing

visiting


Preposições


In

  • In – lugar como uma ÁREA

    I've been teaching at a college inlondon.

  • In – DENTRO de algo ou algum lugar

    The bread is intheoven.


In

  • He's in the kitchen.

  • There is a shark in the water!

  • It was written in the newspaper.

  • Chile is a country in South America.


On

  • On – lugar como uma SUPERFÍCIE

    I sat down onthesofa.

  • On – GRUDADO ou ENCOSTADO em algo

    The man is onthetree.


On

The book is on the table.

There is a mirror on the wall.

There is a stain on his shirt.

He likes riding on his horse.


At

  • At – lugar como um PONTO

    She waited atthebusstop for twenty minutes.

  • At – refere-se a POSIÇÃO ou LOCALIZAÇÃO

    I’m atHogwarts.


At

  • He is at the restaurant.

  • They met at a party.

  • He is sitting at the corner.

  • He was standing at the window.


Prepositions

http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.prep.i.htm


Voz Passiva


Voz Passiva

  • SimplePresent

    Washes – iswashed

  • SimplePast

    Washed – waswashed

  • SimpleFuture

    Willwash – willbewashed

  • PresentContinuous

    Iswashing – isbeingwashed

  • PastContinuous

    Waswashing – wasbeingwashed

  • Immediate Future

    Isgoingtowash – isgoingtobewashed


Voz Passiva

  • PresentPerfect

    Haswashed – hasbeenwashed

  • PastPerfect

    Hadwashed – hadbeenwashed


Voz Passiva

  • Voz Ativa – Sujeito + verbo + objeto

    Sheboughta book.

  • Voz Passiva – Sujeito + verbo to be+ verbo no particípio passado

    A bookwasbought (byshe).


Voz Passiva

Threecatswasrescued.

Thereportswerehanded in.

Thebluecarwascrashedinto.

Thepoemwaslearned.

The book hasbeenforgotten.

The DVD recorderhasnotbeenrepaired.


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