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Verbo To Be. Am. I You We They He She It. Are. IS. Interrogativas. Interrogativas. Verbo To be You are / were playing football. Are / Were you playing football? Auxiliares – do / does ( Presente ) She plays the piano very well. Does she play the piano very well?

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Am

I

You

We

They

He

She

It

Are

IS

interrogativas1
Interrogativas
  • Verbo Tobe

You are / were playing football.

Are / Were you playing football?

  • Auxiliares – do/does (Presente)

She plays the piano very well.

Does she play the piano very well?

  • Auxiliares – did (Passado)

She played the piano very well.

Did she play the piano very well?

presente1
Presente

I

You

We

They

He

She

It

Work

Works

diagram of frequency
Diagram of Frequency

Always

Often

Rarely

Never

100%

0%

Usually

Seldom

Frequently

Sometimes

presente cont nuo1
Presente Contínuo

Presente do verbo to be+ verbo + ing

I am

You are

He is

She is

It is

We are

You are

They are

+to be+Working

I amworkingnow.

slide10

You are not wearing

He is walking

You are not doing

You are sitting

They are not eating

passado1
Passado

I

You

He, She, It

We

You

They

Worked / drove

(Regular) (Irregular)

slide13
Usos
  • Ações definidas no passado com expressões que indicam passado (yesterday, ago, lastnight, etc)

Jack swan in the gym lastnight.

Kate saw a ghost two months ago.

passado cont nuo1
Passado Contínuo
  • Passado do verbo to be + verbo + ing

I

You

He, She, It

We

You

They

+ passado do ToBe+Working/driving

I wasworking yesterday.

slide16
Usos
  • Ação que estava acontecendo no passado

Theyweretalkingwith me yesterday.

  • Ação que estava acontecendo e começou outra

Shewasplayingguitarwhenthebellrang.

slide17

met

was shopping

waswalking

began

wasworking

hurted

wasstaying

went

did

forgot

were living

was

wasworking

saw

wastalking

went

futuro simples
Futuro Simples
  • Afirmativa – will + verbo no infinitivo sem o “to”

I willsing next week.

It willrain next week.

futuro cont nuo
Futuro Contínuo
  • Will + be + verbo + ing

At this time next week, I willbetravelling to Paris.

  • Dizer que algo estará em andamento em um certo instante no futuro

Iwill beliving in London next year.

futuro com going to
Futuro com “going to”
  • Verbo tobe + goingto+ verbo no infinitivo sem “to” (geralmente com advérbiodetempo)

Iamgoing towatch a movietomorrow.

  • Expressar intenções, planos ou decisões

Sheisgoingtoeat pasta.

slide22

Leave/room

KATE

JOHN

PAULO

MARY

presente perfeito1
Presente Perfeito
  • Have / has + 3ª coluna

They haveseen a blue bird.

  • Ação indefinita no passado

We havefinished our homework.

  • Com since (= desde) e for (= há, faz)

She haslived in London since 1983.

passado vs presente perfeito
Passado vs. Presente Perfeito
  • Passado – especifica o tempo

Paul lost his keys yesterday.

  • PresentePerfeito – não especifíca o tempo

Paul haslost his keys.

present perfect vs simple past
Present Perfect vs. Simple Past
  • Peter _______ football yesterday.
  • The girls _______________ their lunch yet.
  • Last year we ______ to Italy.
  • _____ you _____ the game of chess?

played

have not eaten

went

Have

won

passado perfeito1
Passado Perfeito
  • Had + 3ª coluna

After I hadfinished lunch, I watched TV.

  • Ação que ocorreu no passado antes de outra ação também no passado

He didn’tgo to the cinema because he had already seen the movie.

slide29

had spent

wanted

had phoned

left

had washed

turned on

arrived

had

started

pronomes relativos1
Pronomes Relativos
  • Who = quem – usado antes de verbo e pessoa

The lady wholeft the room is my cousin.

  • Whom = quem – usado apenas antes de pessoa

The lady whomI talked to is my cousin.

pronomes relativos2
Pronomes Relativos
  • Which = que, o (a) qual – usado quando o antecedente for coisa

Thebakerywhich is onthe corner is verycheap.

  • That = que – usado quando o antecedente for pessoaou coisa
  • Whose = cujo (a) – usado quando o antecedente for pessoaou coisa, indicando posse

Jane is thewomanwhosecarhecrashedinto.

pronomes relativos3
Pronomes Relativos
  • Where = onde – indica lugar

The factory where I work is far from here.

  • When = quando - indica tempo

Is there a timewhen we can meet?

  • Why = por que – indica razão

The reason why I’m crying is to invite you to the party.

slide38

who

which

whose

whose

who

slide40
Usos
  • Pronome Reflexivo – após o verbo da oração, concordando com o sujeito

She combsherself before living.

  • Pronome Recíproco – each other e one another

John and Mary love eachother.

slide41

himself

herself

ourselves

yourself

myself

himself

graus dos adjetivos2
Graus dos Adjetivos
  • Comparativo de Igualdade Positivo

As cold as = tão frio quanto

Winter is as cold as Autumn.

  • Comparativo de Inferioridade

Less cold than = menos frio que

Autumn is less cold than Winter.

graus dos adjetivos4
Graus dos Adjetivos
  • Comparativo de Superioridade
  • Palavras Pequenas – er

Tall – taller

I’m taller than you.

  • Comparativo de Superioridade
  • Palavras Grandes – more ... than

Careful – morecarefulthan

An adult is morecarefulthan a child.

graus dos adjetivos6
Graus dos Adjetivos
  • Superlativo de Inferioridade

Theleast cold = o menos frio

Summer is the least cold season.

graus dos adjetivos8
Graus dos Adjetivos
  • Superlativo de Superioridade
  • Palavras Grandes – the ... est

Tall – thetallest

I’m thetallest person in the class.

  • Superlativo de Superioridade
  • Palavras Pequenas – the most

Careful – themostcareful

Snakes are the mostcareful animal on Earth.

slide51

as fast as

not as tall as

not as low as

as bad as

as optimistic as

not as windy as

slide53

nicer

older

mostdifficult

mostinteresting

better

more boring

resumo
Resumo
  • Can, could, beableto, may, mightpermissão, possibilidade
  • Should, oughtto conselho
  • Must, haveto obrigação, dever
  • Wouldrather preferência
  • Besupposedto expectativa
  • Usedto/beusedto hábito passado/presente
can could
Can / Could

She Can/could/beableto/may/might play the piano.

You should/oughtto/had better study more.

You must stop at a stop sign.

I would rather stay home than go to the party.

Classes are supposed to begin at 7:00.

She used to/is used to spend her holidays at the seaside.

exerc cios
Exercícios

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1859#a

http://users.telenet.be/oldlark2002/GRAMMAR/MODAL-VERBS-1-MULTIPLE-CHOICE.htm

http://www.englishpage.com/grammar/Modal_Verbs/Exercises/

fala reportada1
Fala Reportada
  • Mudanças Verbais
fala reportada2
Fala Reportada
  • Mudanças Temporais
fala reportada3
Fala Reportada

FalaDireta

Sam: I amgoing to buy a bike tomorrow.

FalaReportada

Sam saidthathewasgoing to buy a bike thefollowingday.

genitive case
Genitive Case
  • Indicar posse
  • Regra geral  acrescentar ’s aos substantivos que não terminam em s.

Jane’s flat is big.

  • Se terminar em s, acrescenta-se apenas ’ (apóstrofe).

The birds’ wings.

genitive case1
Genitive Case

Peter’s

Smiths’

Children’s

John’s

Steve’s

Susan

Men’s

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=2452

infinitivo
Infinitivo
  • Forma normal do verbo
  • Utilizado com ou semto
  • Após adjetivos, advérbios e substantivos

It’s easyto play the piano.

gerundio
Gerundio
  • Forma ing do verbo
  • Após preposições (IMPORTANTE)

I’m afraid offalling down.

infinitivo gerundio
Infinitivo / Gerundio

to answer

to get

seeing

visiting

slide70
In
  • In – lugar como uma ÁREA

I\'ve been teaching at a college inlondon.

  • In – DENTRO de algo ou algum lugar

The bread is intheoven.

slide71
In
  • He\'s in the kitchen.
  • There is a shark in the water!
  • It was written in the newspaper.
  • Chile is a country in South America.
slide72
On
  • On – lugar como uma SUPERFÍCIE

I sat down onthesofa.

  • On – GRUDADO ou ENCOSTADO em algo

The man is onthetree.

slide73
On

The book is on the table.

There is a mirror on the wall.

There is a stain on his shirt.

He likes riding on his horse.

slide74
At
  • At – lugar como um PONTO

She waited atthebusstop for twenty minutes.

  • At – refere-se a POSIÇÃO ou LOCALIZAÇÃO

I’m atHogwarts.

slide75
At
  • He is at the restaurant.
  • They met at a party.
  • He is sitting at the corner.
  • He was standing at the window.
prepositions
Prepositions

http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.prep.i.htm

voz passiva1
Voz Passiva
  • SimplePresent

Washes – iswashed

  • SimplePast

Washed – waswashed

  • SimpleFuture

Willwash – willbewashed

  • PresentContinuous

Iswashing – isbeingwashed

  • PastContinuous

Waswashing – wasbeingwashed

  • Immediate Future

Isgoingtowash – isgoingtobewashed

voz passiva2
Voz Passiva
  • PresentPerfect

Haswashed – hasbeenwashed

  • PastPerfect

Hadwashed – hadbeenwashed

voz passiva3
Voz Passiva
  • Voz Ativa – Sujeito + verbo + objeto

Sheboughta book.

  • Voz Passiva – Sujeito + verbo to be+ verbo no particípio passado

A bookwasbought (byshe).

voz passiva4
Voz Passiva

Threecatswasrescued.

Thereportswerehanded in.

Thebluecarwascrashedinto.

Thepoemwaslearned.

The book hasbeenforgotten.

The DVD recorderhasnotbeenrepaired.

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