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Verbo To Be. Am. I You We They He She It. Are. IS. Interrogativas. Interrogativas. Verbo To be You are / were playing football. Are / Were you playing football? Auxiliares – do / does ( Presente ) She plays the piano very well. Does she play the piano very well?

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Verbo to be

Verbo To Be


Verbo to be

Am

I

You

We

They

He

She

It

Are

IS


Interrogativas

Interrogativas


Interrogativas1

Interrogativas

  • Verbo Tobe

    You are / were playing football.

    Are / Were you playing football?

  • Auxiliares – do/does (Presente)

    She plays the piano very well.

    Does she play the piano very well?

  • Auxiliares – did (Passado)

    She played the piano very well.

    Did she play the piano very well?


Presente

Presente


Presente1

Presente

I

You

We

They

He

She

It

Work

Works


Diagram of frequency

Diagram of Frequency

Always

Often

Rarely

Never

100%

0%

Usually

Seldom

Frequently

Sometimes


Presente cont nuo

Presente Contínuo


Presente cont nuo1

Presente Contínuo

Presente do verbo to be+ verbo + ing

I am

You are

He is

She is

It is

We are

You are

They are

+to be+Working

I amworkingnow.


Verbo to be

You are not wearing

He is walking

You are not doing

You are sitting

They are not eating


Passado

Passado


Passado1

Passado

I

You

He, She, It

We

You

They

Worked / drove

(Regular) (Irregular)


Verbo to be

Usos

  • Ações definidas no passado com expressões que indicam passado (yesterday, ago, lastnight, etc)

    Jack swan in the gym lastnight.

    Kate saw a ghost two months ago.


Passado cont nuo

Passado Contínuo


Passado cont nuo1

Passado Contínuo

  • Passado do verbo to be + verbo + ing

    I

    You

    He, She, It

    We

    You

    They

+ passado do ToBe+Working/driving

I wasworking yesterday.


Verbo to be

Usos

  • Ação que estava acontecendo no passado

    Theyweretalkingwith me yesterday.

  • Ação que estava acontecendo e começou outra

    Shewasplayingguitarwhenthebellrang.


Verbo to be

met

was shopping

waswalking

began

wasworking

hurted

wasstaying

went

did

forgot

were living

was

wasworking

saw

wastalking

went


Futuros

Futuros


Futuro simples

Futuro Simples

  • Afirmativa – will + verbo no infinitivo sem o “to”

    I willsing next week.

    It willrain next week.


Futuro cont nuo

Futuro Contínuo

  • Will + be + verbo + ing

    At this time next week, I willbetravelling to Paris.

  • Dizer que algo estará em andamento em um certo instante no futuro

    Iwill beliving in London next year.


Futuro com going to

Futuro com “going to”

  • Verbo tobe + goingto+ verbo no infinitivo sem “to” (geralmente com advérbiodetempo)

    Iamgoing towatch a movietomorrow.

  • Expressar intenções, planos ou decisões

    Sheisgoingtoeat pasta.


Verbo to be

Leave/room

KATE

JOHN

PAULO

MARY


Presente perfeito

Presente Perfeito


Presente perfeito1

Presente Perfeito

  • Have / has + 3ª coluna

    They haveseen a blue bird.

  • Ação indefinita no passado

    We havefinished our homework.

  • Com since (= desde) e for (= há, faz)

    She haslived in London since 1983.


Passado vs presente perfeito

Passado vs. Presente Perfeito

  • Passado – especifica o tempo

    Paul lost his keys yesterday.

  • PresentePerfeito – não especifíca o tempo

    Paul haslost his keys.


Present perfect vs simple past

Present Perfect vs. Simple Past

  • Peter _______ football yesterday.

  • The girls _______________ their lunch yet.

  • Last year we ______ to Italy.

  • _____ you _____ the game of chess?

played

have not eaten

went

Have

won


Passado perfeito

Passado Perfeito


Passado perfeito1

Passado Perfeito

  • Had + 3ª coluna

    After I hadfinished lunch, I watched TV.

  • Ação que ocorreu no passado antes de outra ação também no passado

    He didn’tgo to the cinema because he had already seen the movie.


Verbo to be

had spent

wanted

had phoned

left

had washed

turned on

arrived

had

started


Adjetivos e pronomes possessivos

Adjetivos e Pronomes Possessivos


Adjetivos possessivos

Adjetivos Possessivos


Adjetivos demonstrativos

Adjetivos Demonstrativos


Pronomes relativos e reflexivos

Pronomes Relativos e Reflexivos


Pronomes relativos

Pronomes Relativos


Pronomes relativos1

Pronomes Relativos

  • Who = quem – usado antes de verbo e pessoa

    The lady wholeft the room is my cousin.

  • Whom = quem – usado apenas antes de pessoa

    The lady whomI talked to is my cousin.


Pronomes relativos2

Pronomes Relativos

  • Which = que, o (a) qual – usado quando o antecedente for coisa

    Thebakerywhich is onthe corner is verycheap.

  • That = que – usado quando o antecedente for pessoaou coisa

  • Whose = cujo (a) – usado quando o antecedente for pessoaou coisa, indicando posse

    Jane is thewomanwhosecarhecrashedinto.


Pronomes relativos3

Pronomes Relativos

  • Where = onde – indica lugar

    The factory where I work is far from here.

  • When = quando - indica tempo

    Is there a timewhen we can meet?

  • Why = por que – indica razão

    The reason why I’m crying is to invite you to the party.


Verbo to be

who

which

whose

whose

who


Pronomes reflexivos

Pronomes Reflexivos


Verbo to be

Usos

  • Pronome Reflexivo – após o verbo da oração, concordando com o sujeito

    She combsherself before living.

  • Pronome Recíproco – each other e one another

    John and Mary love eachother.


Verbo to be

himself

herself

ourselves

yourself

myself

himself


Graus dos adjetivos

Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos adjetivos1

Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos adjetivos2

Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Comparativo de Igualdade Positivo

    As cold as = tão frio quanto

    Winter is as cold as Autumn.

  • Comparativo de Inferioridade

    Less cold than = menos frio que

    Autumn is less cold than Winter.


Graus dos adjetivos3

Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos adjetivos4

Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Comparativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Pequenas – er

    Tall – taller

    I’m taller than you.

  • Comparativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Grandes – more ... than

    Careful – morecarefulthan

    An adult is morecarefulthan a child.


Graus dos adjetivos5

Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos adjetivos6

Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Superlativo de Inferioridade

    Theleast cold = o menos frio

    Summer is the least cold season.


Graus dos adjetivos7

Graus dos Adjetivos


Graus dos adjetivos8

Graus dos Adjetivos

  • Superlativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Grandes – the ... est

    Tall – thetallest

    I’m thetallest person in the class.

  • Superlativo de Superioridade

  • Palavras Pequenas – the most

    Careful – themostcareful

    Snakes are the mostcareful animal on Earth.


Verbo to be

as fast as

not as tall as

not as low as

as bad as

as optimistic as

not as windy as


Graus dos adjetivos irregulares

Graus dos Adjetivos Irregulares


Verbo to be

nicer

older

mostdifficult

mostinteresting

better

more boring


Verbos modais

Verbos Modais


Resumo

Resumo

  • Can, could, beableto, may, mightpermissão, possibilidade

  • Should, oughtto conselho

  • Must, haveto obrigação, dever

  • Wouldrather preferência

  • Besupposedto expectativa

  • Usedto/beusedto hábito passado/presente


Can could

Can / Could

She Can/could/beableto/may/might play the piano.

You should/oughtto/had better study more.

You must stop at a stop sign.

I would rather stay home than go to the party.

Classes are supposed to begin at 7:00.

She used to/is used to spend her holidays at the seaside.


Exerc cios

Exercícios

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=1859#a

http://users.telenet.be/oldlark2002/GRAMMAR/MODAL-VERBS-1-MULTIPLE-CHOICE.htm

http://www.englishpage.com/grammar/Modal_Verbs/Exercises/


Fala reportada

Fala Reportada


Fala reportada1

Fala Reportada

  • Mudanças Verbais


Fala reportada2

Fala Reportada

  • Mudanças Temporais


Fala reportada3

Fala Reportada

FalaDireta

Sam: I amgoing to buy a bike tomorrow.

FalaReportada

Sam saidthathewasgoing to buy a bike thefollowingday.


Caso genitivo

Caso Genitivo


Genitive case

Genitive Case

  • Indicar posse

  • Regra geral  acrescentar ’s aos substantivos que não terminam em s.

    Jane’s flat is big.

  • Se terminar em s, acrescenta-se apenas ’ (apóstrofe).

    The birds’ wings.


Genitive case1

Genitive Case

Peter’s

Smiths’

Children’s

John’s

Steve’s

Susan

Men’s

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=2452


Infinitivo vs gerundio

Infinitivo vs. Gerundio


Infinitivo

Infinitivo

  • Forma normal do verbo

  • Utilizado com ou semto

  • Após adjetivos, advérbios e substantivos

    It’s easyto play the piano.


Gerundio

Gerundio

  • Forma ing do verbo

  • Após preposições (IMPORTANTE)

    I’m afraid offalling down.


Infinitivo gerundio

Infinitivo / Gerundio

to answer

to get

seeing

visiting


Preposi es

Preposições


Verbo to be

In

  • In – lugar como uma ÁREA

    I've been teaching at a college inlondon.

  • In – DENTRO de algo ou algum lugar

    The bread is intheoven.


Verbo to be

In

  • He's in the kitchen.

  • There is a shark in the water!

  • It was written in the newspaper.

  • Chile is a country in South America.


Verbo to be

On

  • On – lugar como uma SUPERFÍCIE

    I sat down onthesofa.

  • On – GRUDADO ou ENCOSTADO em algo

    The man is onthetree.


Verbo to be

On

The book is on the table.

There is a mirror on the wall.

There is a stain on his shirt.

He likes riding on his horse.


Verbo to be

At

  • At – lugar como um PONTO

    She waited atthebusstop for twenty minutes.

  • At – refere-se a POSIÇÃO ou LOCALIZAÇÃO

    I’m atHogwarts.


Verbo to be

At

  • He is at the restaurant.

  • They met at a party.

  • He is sitting at the corner.

  • He was standing at the window.


Prepositions

Prepositions

http://www.autoenglish.org/gr.prep.i.htm


Voz passiva

Voz Passiva


Voz passiva1

Voz Passiva

  • SimplePresent

    Washes – iswashed

  • SimplePast

    Washed – waswashed

  • SimpleFuture

    Willwash – willbewashed

  • PresentContinuous

    Iswashing – isbeingwashed

  • PastContinuous

    Waswashing – wasbeingwashed

  • Immediate Future

    Isgoingtowash – isgoingtobewashed


Voz passiva2

Voz Passiva

  • PresentPerfect

    Haswashed – hasbeenwashed

  • PastPerfect

    Hadwashed – hadbeenwashed


Voz passiva3

Voz Passiva

  • Voz Ativa – Sujeito + verbo + objeto

    Sheboughta book.

  • Voz Passiva – Sujeito + verbo to be+ verbo no particípio passado

    A bookwasbought (byshe).


Voz passiva4

Voz Passiva

Threecatswasrescued.

Thereportswerehanded in.

Thebluecarwascrashedinto.

Thepoemwaslearned.

The book hasbeenforgotten.

The DVD recorderhasnotbeenrepaired.


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