Tourette’s Syndrome. By: Kathryn Wrightsman. Overview of Tourette Syndrome. Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome ( Tourette Syndrome or TS) is a neurological disorder that becomes noticeable in early childhood.
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Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome (Tourette Syndrome or TS) is a neurological disorder that becomes noticeable in early childhood.
Tourette Syndrome is characterized by persistent motor and vocal tics lasting over one year. Tics are involuntary movements of the face, arms, and legs. Vocal tics usually occur with the motor tics and include, grunting, barking, and shouting.
TS cases range from severe to mild, but most cases fall into the mild category.
Signs- Verbal and Motor tics that persist for more than a year. Verbal tics are screaming, barking, moaning, grunting, and sniffing. Though heftily portrayed in the media, the use of profane language is rare.
Syptoms- Tourette’s Syndrome has few side effects that are only known to the patient. The patient is aware that they are having a tic, contrary to some beliefs. (Tourette’s Syndrome Association)
There is no cure for Tourette’s and no universal medication that works for all individuals who have TS.
The most successful classes of medication for TS are typical and atypical neuroleptics, antihypertensive agents, and some stimulants. Tics are most commonly treated with antpsychotics which work by blocking dopamine receptors.
Behavioral treatments include Habit Reversal Training, relaxation, and hypnosis and are considered more positive approaches to TS treatment.
Procedures involving Nicotine and Deep Brain Stimulation have been tried, but are still considered experimental in the treatment of TS.
Tourette Syndrome Association. (2010). What is Tourette Syndrome? Web. Retrieved May 2010, from http://www.tsa-usa.org/Medical/whatists.htmlMayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2010). Diagnosis. Web. Retrieved May 2010, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/tourette-syndrome/diagnosis.htmlMedicineNet. (2010). Tourette Syndrome. Web. Retrieved May 2010, from http://www.medicinenet.com/tourette_syndrome/page3.htmHealth Grades Inc. (2010). Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome. Wed. Retrieved May 2010, from http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/t/tourette_syndrome/symptoms.htm#symptom_list