Statement of cash flows
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Statement of Cash Flows. “Joan and Joe: A Tale of Woe” Joe added up profits and went to see Joan, Assured of obtaining a much-needed loan. When Joe arrived, he announced with good cheer: “My firm has had an outstanding year, And now I need a loan from your bank.”

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Statement of Cash Flows

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Statement of cash flows

Statement of Cash Flows

“Joan and Joe: A Tale of Woe”

Joe added up profits and went to see Joan,

Assured of obtaining a much-needed loan.

When Joe arrived, he announced with good cheer:

“My firm has had an outstanding year,

And now I need a loan from your bank.”

Eyeing the statements, Joan’s heart sank.

“Your profits are fine,” Joan said to Joe.

“but where, oh where, is your company’s cash flow?

I’m sorry to say: the answer is ‘no’.”

--L. Fraser

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows1

Statement of Cash Flows

  • Provides information about cash inflows and outflows during an accounting period

  • Is developed from Balance Sheet and Income Statement data

  • Important as an analytical tool

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Why is it important

Why is it important???

  • Accrual-based accounting requires reporting revenues when earned and expenses when incurred – not when cash is exchanged.

  • A company cannot pay employees, creditors and others with accrual-based net income.

  • Valuation models used in financial analysis are often based on projections of future cash flows.

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Objectives of the chapter

Objectives of the Chapter

To remind you the prep. of statement of cash flows

To interpret the information presented in the statement

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Preparing a statement of cash flows cont

Preparing a Statement of Cash Flows (cont.)

  • Cash (cash and cash equivalents)

  • Operating activities

  • Investing activities

  • Financing activities

Four parts of a statement of cash flows:

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Preparing a statement of cash flows cont1

Preparing a Statement of Cash Flows(cont.)

  • Delivering or producing goods for sale and providing services

  • The cash effects of transactions and other events that enter into the determination of income

Operating Activities include

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Preparing a statement of cash flows cont2

Preparing a Statement of Cash Flows (cont.)

  • Acquiring/disposing of securities that are not cash equivalents

  • Acquiring/disposing of productive assets

  • Lending money/collecting on loans

Investing Activities include

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Preparing a statement of cash flows cont3

Preparing a Statement of Cash Flows (cont.)

  • Borrowing from creditors/repaying the principal

  • Obtaining resources from owners

  • Providing owners with a return on investment

Financing Activities include

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Calculating cash flow from operating activities

Calculating Cash Flow from Operating Activities

Firms may use one of two methods

prescribed by the IASB-FASB:

Direct Method

Indirect Method

The two methods yield identical figures for net cashflow from operating activities because theunderlying accounting concepts are the same

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Calculating cash flow from operating activities cont

Calculating Cash Flow from Operating Activities (cont.)

The Direct Method

Shows

  • cash collections from customers

  • interest and dividends collected

  • other operating cash receipts

  • cash paid to suppliers and employees

  • interest paid

  • taxes paid

  • other operating cash payments

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Calculating cash flow from operating activities cont1

Calculating Cash Flow from Operating Activities (cont.)

The Indirect Method

Starts with net income and adjusts for

  • deferrals

  • accruals

  • noncash items, such as depreciation and amortization

  • nonoperating items, such as gains and losses on asset sales

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Calculating cash flow from operating activities cont2

Calculating Cash Flow from Operating Activities (cont.)

The Indirect Method

593 firms out of 600 (99%) used the indirect method in 2003 according to Accounting Trends and Techniques

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Analyzing the statement of cash flows

Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows

  • Is an important analytical tool for creditors, investors and other users of financial statement data

    • Firm’s ability to generate cash flows in the future

    • Firm’s capacity to meet cash obligations

    • Firm’s future external financing needs

    • Firm’s success in productively managing investing activities

    • Firm’s effectiveness in implementing financing and investing strategies

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Analysis of the statement of cash flows

Analysis of the Statement of Cash Flows

  • Cash flow from operating activities

  • Cash inflows

  • Cash outflows

Should, at a minimum cover the following

areas:

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Analysis of the statement of cash flows cont

Analysis of the Statement of Cash Flows (cont.)

  • The success or failure of the firm in generating cash from operations

  • The underlying causes of the positive or negative operating cash flow

  • The magnitude of positive or negative operating cash flow

  • Fluctuations in cash flow from operations over time

Analyst Concerns:

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Analysis of cash inflows

Analysis of Cash Inflows

  • Capital expenditures and expansion

  • Repayment of debt

  • Payment of dividends

Generating cash from operations is the preferred method for obtaining excess cash to finance:

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Analysis of cash outflows

Analysis of Cash Outflows

When analyzing the cash outflows, the analyst should consider the necessity of the outflow and how the outflow was financed

Generally, it is best to finance short-term assets with short-term debt and long-term assets with long-term debt or issuance of stock

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Common size cash flow statement

Common Size Cash Flow Statement

  • Summarize all significant cash inflows, take the total and compute their proportion to total cash inflows

  • Summarize all significant cash outflows, take the total and compute their proportion to total cash inflows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


Statement of cash flows

(C) 2007 Prentice Hall, Inc.


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