Cancer diabetes and other health threats
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PEAC1001 Lecture 10. Cancer, diabetes, and other health threats. Cancer. Tumors __________ tumors Likely not cancerous, a protective membrane keeps the growth to a minimum Slow growing ____________ tumors Also called carcinomas Uncontrolled growth  spreads Death to tissue

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Cancer diabetes and other health threats

PEAC1001Lecture 10

Cancer, diabetes, and other health threats



  • Tumors

    • __________ tumors

      • Likely not cancerous, a protective membrane keeps the growth to a minimum

      • Slow growing

    • ____________ tumors

      • Also called carcinomas

      • Uncontrolled growth  spreads

      • Death to tissue

      • Cancerous

Cancer death by site and sex

Cancer death by site and sex

Breast cancer

Breast cancer

  • Does affect both men and women

  • Symptoms

    • Lumps and/or thickening or swelling of the breasts

  • Mammograms

    • X-ray test to check for abnormalities that could be cancerous

  • Women over ___ years of age should have a mammogram each year

  • Treatment is advancing, but not very effective if detected later into disease progression

Colon rectal cancer

Colon-rectal cancer

  • Affects men and women

  • Highest among African Americans

  • Symptoms: cramping in lower abdomen, urge to have a bowel movement, blood in stool

  • Decrease risks by having a high fiber diet and physical activity

  • Screening tests: fecal blood test, sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy (most accurate)

Lung cancer

Lung cancer

  • _______ cause of cancer-related death for both men and women

  • Greatest risk is _______

  • Symptoms: persistent cough, chest pain, reoccurring pneumonia, spit streaked with blood

  • Detection via X-ray or sputum samples

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer

  • Most common form of cancer in men

  • All men have 17% chance of diagnosis in their lifetime

  • More African Americans are diagnosed than any other sub-group

  • Symptoms: urination problems, pain, blood in urine

  • Treatment is highly effective

Uterine and ovarian cancers

Uterine and ovarian cancers

  • Account for ____% of all deaths among women

  • Most important risk factor: human papillomavirus (HPV)

  • Other risk factors: sex at young age, too many sexual partners, and smoking

  • PAP test screens for this

  • Treatment is to remove affected area

Skin cancer

Skin cancer

  • Most _________ cancer

  • Curable, not usually included in cancer statistics

  • Melanoma: deadly if not detected early

    • 10 more frequent in whites

  • Risk factors include sun exposure

  • Treatment is to remove the cancerous areas

  • Always check new skin areas to ensure cancer-free skin

Cancer prevalence reported

Cancer prevalence (Reported)



**Blood sugar is abnormally high**

  • Normal glucose levels: 50-100mg per 100ml of blood

  • Pre-diabetes: glucose levels range from 101-125

  • _________: the hormone that regulates blood sugar, produced by the pancreas

Diabetic types

Diabetic types

  • Type I (5% before age 30)

    • Metabolic disease

    • Body does not produce enough insulin

    • _________________or taken orally

    • CONSTANT regulation

  • Type II (95%)

    • Metabolic disease

    • Non-insulin dependent

    • Can be controlled via lifestyle changes

    • Most common form

    • Risk factor is limited activity and obesity

Diabetes symptoms

Diabetes symptoms

Consequences of type ii

Consequences of Type II

  • 6th cause of death in the US

    • -behind #5, accidents/injuries

  • Shortened lifespan

  • Heart disease, high blood pressure

  • Kidney failure, requiring dialysis

  • ____________

  • Lower limb amputation

Age and diabetes

Age and diabetes

Health threats accidents injuries

Health threats: Accidents & injuries

  • Claim more lives than chronic and infectious diseases among people 40 years and younger

  • Have decreased within the last decade

    -occupational safety


    -advanced medical care

Cooper clinic s profiles for people who avoid checkups

Cooper Clinic’s Profiles for People Who Avoid Checkups

Gambler – don’t think of their health until a serious problem occurs

Queens of denial – they never think anything is ever wrong with them

Martyr – busy taking care of others and neglect their health

Busy bees – too busy to take the time and seek medical checkups

Shamans – buy into the latest health fad and avoid professional attention

Informers – these people argue with health professionals and then give up making appointments

Economist – cost of preventative exams is too high and do not go

Question 1

Question #1

Which type of diabetes is the most important to constantly monitor?

  • Type I

  • Type II

Question 2

Question #2

Colon-rectal cancer is most common in ________________________:

  • Hispanics

  • Caucasians

  • African Americans

  • Native Americans

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