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Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) in men






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Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) in men. Kamal Patel GPST2. Objectives. Define ‘LUTS’ Causes of LUTS Initial assessment and management Not covered Mx of acute retention Stress incontinence Prostate Ca.
Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) in men

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Slide 1

Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) in men

Kamal Patel GPST2

Slide 2

Objectives

  • Define ‘LUTS’

  • Causes of LUTS

  • Initial assessment and management

  • Not covered

    • Mx of acute retention

    • Stress incontinence

    • Prostate Ca

Slide 3

  • A 79 year-old man complains of LUTS. Which one of the following regarding BPH is incorrect?

    • Goserelin is licensed for refractory cases

    • Side effects of 5α-reductase inhibitors include ejaculation disorders and gynaecomastia

    • Possible presentation include recurrent UTI

    • 5α-reductase inhibitors typically decrease the PSA

    • More common in black men.

Slide 4

LUTS: definition

  • Storage (irritative) symptoms:

    • Urgency

    • Urinary frequency

    • Nocturia

    • Urinary incontinence

  • Voiding (obstructive) symptoms

    • Hesitancy, poor stream, terminal dribbling

Slide 5

Causes of LUTS

  • Obstructive

    • BPH

    • Prostate/bladder/rectal cancer

    • Bladder neck/urethral strictures

    • Antimuscarinic drugs

    • Autonomic neuropathy/neurogenic bladder

Slide 6

Causes of LUTS

  • Irritative

    • BPH

    • Bladder/prostate cancer

    • Infection

    • Bladder stones

    • Neurological

      • Dementia

      • Diabetes

      • Stroke

Slide 7

Assessment

  • History – type of LUTS, duration of Sx, how bothersome are they?

  • Examination – abdomen (distended bladder), external genitalia, DRE

  • International Prostate Symptom Score:

    • Used to assess severity of symptoms

    • Score of 0-5 for seven symptoms (total 35):

      • 0-7 – mildly symptomatic

      • 8-19 – moderately symptomatic

      • 20-35 – severely symptomatic

Slide 8

  • A 62 year-old man presents with nocturia, hesitancy and terminal dribbling. DRE reveals a moderately enlarged prostate with no irregular features. PSA1.3 What is the most appropriate mx?

    • Alpha antagonist

    • 5-alpha reductase inhibitor

    • Non-urgent referral for TURP

    • Empirical tx with cipro for 2 weeks

    • Urgent referral to urology.

Slide 9

  • A patient is started on finasteride for the management of BPH. How long should the patients be told that treatment may take to be effective?

    • Within 8hrs of taking the tablet

    • Within 3 days

    • Up to 7 days

    • Up to 4 weeks

    • Up to 6 months

Slide 10

Management

  • Urine dip +/- culture

  • U&E

    • Chronic retention

    • Recurrent UTI

    • Hx of renal stones

  • PSA

  • Urinary frequency-volume chart

    • Ask patient to note down when they drink fluid/pass water and to comment on type of fluid

    • Allows to differentiate between frequency of urine, polyuria and nocturia

Slide 11

  • Obstructive symptoms

    • Lifestyle changes.

    • Alpha blocker: e.g tamsulosin

    • 5α – reductase inhibitors

  • Irritative symptoms

    • Exclude/manage treatable causes

    • Urine containment devices

    • Supervised bladder retraining

    • Anticholinergics e.g oxybutinin

Slide 12

Thank You


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