Demography. Essential Questions What factors influence where people settle? Is the world’s population growing too fast?. History of Human Settlement. People lived nomadic lifestyles . Agriculture caused people to settle in areas near water.
What factors influence where people settle?
Is the world’s population growing too fast?
People tend to settle in temperate, fertile, non-mountainous areas, such as valleys and plains.
People settle near sources of fresh water.
People settle not too far from oceans.
Fewer people settle in dry, wet, cold or mountainous areas.
Political and Economic Centers: People move to areas of political or economic importance, such as capital cities.
Transportation Routes: People often settle along transportation routes, such as coastlines, rivers, canals, railroad lines, or roads.
Technology: Improvements in technology can expand areas of settlement.
Urbanization: Since the start of the Industrial Revolution, urbanization (people moving from the countryside to cities) has increased greatly.
Japan will have to cope with an aging population so health services for the elderly will be in demand. Iran’s population is very young. Iran’s life expectancy is very short.
1. Identify 2 ways you would expect Japan and Iran to have different needs because of the different ages of their populations.
3. Which of the following is the most likely effect of building a railroad to reach an area rich in natural resources?