Development Mechanism
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Development Mechanism. យន្តការបញ្ឈរ. Government NGOs. Donor. Note: ១. អង្គការសង្គម (Social Organization) ២ . លក្ខខ័ណ្ឌចាំបាច់ (Essential Conditions) ៣ . អង្គការស្ថាប័ន (Institutional Organization) ៤ . បច្ចេកវិទ្យា (Technology). យន្តការផ្នែកផ្តេក. Community. Farmers. d. NGOs.

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Development Mechanism

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Development mechanism

Development Mechanism


Development mechanism

យន្តការបញ្ឈរ

Government

NGOs

Donor

  • Note:

  • ១. អង្គការសង្គម (Social Organization)

  • ២. លក្ខខ័ណ្ឌចាំបាច់ (Essential Conditions)

  • ៣. អង្គការស្ថាប័ន (Institutional Organization)

  • ៤. បច្ចេកវិទ្យា (Technology)

យន្តការផ្នែកផ្តេក

Community

Farmers

d

NGOs

Community

Farmers

Community

Farmers

a

c

Community

b

4

2

1

3

យន្តការអភិវឌ្ឍ៖ផ្នែកបញ្ឈរ​ និងផ្នែកផ្តេក

គ្រប់សមាសធាតុទាំងអស់មានភាពត្រូវគ្នា និងជួយគ្នាទៅវិញទៅមក

They are compatibly matched and stimulated each others


Development mechanism

  • ស្ថាប័ន គឺជាសញ្ញាណទូទៅនៃអកប្បកិរិយា វិន័យ ក្តីរំពឹង បទដ្ឋាន (norm) បែបផែននៃការរស់នៅ (folkways) ប្រពៃណី ទំនៀមទំលាប់ ការសន្មត បែបបទ (etiquette) និងច្បាប់។ ដូចជា សាសនា សិល្បៈ ប្រព័ន្ធខ្សែស្រឡាយ និងច្បាប់។ មានអ្នកស្រាវជ្រាវខ្លះហៅថា របៀបរៀបចំសង្គម (social fabric) ឫ មូលនិធិសង្គម

  • អង្គការសង្គម គឺជាក្រុមមនុស្ស

  • លក្ខខ័ណ្ឌចាំបាច់ គឺជាលក្ខខ័ណ្ឌអេកូឡូស៊ី ប្រជាសាស្រ្ត និងលក្ខខ័ណ្ឌផ្សេងទៀត

  • បចេ្ចកវិទ្យា គឺជាបច្ចេកទេស ឫចំណេះដឹងដែលប្រជាជនបានបង្កើតឡើង ឫខ្ចី ឫត្រូវបានដាក់ឲ្យពួកគេ


Ngos in cambodia

NGOs in Cambodia

  • At present, there are 522 local NGOs registered with the Ministry of the Interior, 183 local NGOs registered with the Council of Ministers, 554 local Associations registered at Ministry of the Interior, and 267 international NGOs registered at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.[1]

  • [1] There are 20 Japanese NGOs operating in Cambodia. See Gotaro (2001) for information.


Development mechanism

Community

  • សហគមន៍ គឺជាទំនាក់ទំនងសង្គមដែលស្តែងចេញតាមរយៈភាពជិតដិតជាបុគ្គល ជំរៅនៃការជាប់ចិត្ត (ភាពខ្នក់ក្នុងចិត្ត) ភាពស្អិតជាប់នៃសង្គម និងបន្តពីមុន។

  • សហគមន៍អាចជា​ត្រូវបានបង្កើតឡើង ឫកើតឡើងដោយឯកឯង។ អាចជាលក្ខណៈប្រពៃណី ទំនើប និងចំរុះ (vernacular types)

  • មិនបានដឹងពីចំនួនពិតប្រាកដនៃសហគមន៍ទេ


Name of donors giving assistance to cambodia

Donors

Name of donors giving assistance to Cambodia

  • Australia, Belgium, Canada, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, the Republic of Korea, Thailand, the Russian Federation, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

  • Multilateral donors are: UN agencies (such as UNDP), the Bretton-Woods institutions (World Bank and International Monetary Fund or IMF), the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the European Union (EU).


Royal government of cambodia and development policy

Royal Government of Cambodia and Development Policy

A number of important plans for the development of Cambodia:

  • Socio-Economic Development Plan-I (SEDP-I: 1996-2000) (supported by ADB and first draft was in English);

  • An interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (I-PRSP was passed by the Council of Ministers in Oct 2000);

  • Building on I-PRSP, Socio-Economic Development Plan II (SEDP-II 2001-2005) has been prepared;

  • Process for formulating a plan that meets World Bank requirement for full PRSP has finished (Oct 2002);

  • Full PRSP is called as National Poverty Reduction Strategy (NPRS).


Four puzzle pieces of ideal elements in society

3

3

1

2

1

4

4

2

Four Puzzle Pieces of Ideal Elements in Society

Theory of Effective Community

  • Social Organization (here it is the community)

  • Essential Conditions

  • Institutional Organization

  • Technology

They are compatibly matched and stimulated each others


Vertical and horizontal aspects support ida and or development

Vertical Mechanisms support to IDA or/and Development

Government

NGOs

Donor

  • Note:

  • Social Organization

  • Essential Conditions

  • Institutional Organization

  • Technology

Horizontal Mechanisms support to IDA or/and Development

Community

Farmers

d

NGOs

Community

Farmers

Community

Farmers

a

c

Community

b

4

2

1

3

Vertical and Horizontal Aspects Support IDA and/or Development

Theory of Effective Community

They are compatibly matched and stimulated each others


Development mechanism

How thing is going on in development (assistance)

New community

Hard infra

I’m sure

they need these!

New tech

These three components have to be reshaped otherwise people are suffered from the changed in essential condition, the reshape is made by the outsider & in fragmental basis (especially the modern technology & modern social organization)

Human tries to develop & modify the other three elements simultaneously to cope with change

Essential condition is changed: ex. Rain, flood, more thunderstorms

3

2

Human in the society are rather passive in trying to cope with change

4

People in the society are active

1

9

9

1

4

  • Factors of making society change:

  • Internal: Change in essential condition; change in others components (one or two or three among four);

  • - External: trader; religious missionary; war (invasion war); traveling out & in and Development and Globalization (telecommunication)

Theory of Effective Community

  • Note:

  • Social Organization

  • Essential Condition

  • Institutional Organization

  • Technology


Development mechanism

Thank you very much


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