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The Canterbury Tales. By Geoffrey Chaucer. Chaucer and The Canterbury Tales. Began writing around 1387 A.D. Uncompleted manuscript was published in 1400, the year he died Recognized as the first book of poetry written in the English language Italian and Latin were primary written languages.

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The canterbury tales

The Canterbury Tales

By Geoffrey Chaucer


Chaucer and the canterbury tales
Chaucer and The Canterbury Tales

  • Began writing around 1387 A.D.

  • Uncompleted manuscript was published in 1400, the year he died

  • Recognized as the first book of poetry written in the English language

  • Italian and Latin were primary written languages.


The canterbury tales facts
The Canterbury Tales Facts

  • Originally planned for 120 stories

  • Only 22 Completed

  • Ordering of Tales is unclear

  • Genre Complexity


Characters

Narrator

Knight

Squire

Yeoman

Prioress

Monk

Friar

Nun

Priest

Merchant

Cleric

Man of Law

Franklin

Haberdasher

Carpenter

Canon’s Yeoman

Weaver

Dyer

Tapestry-maker

Cook

Shipman

Physician

Wife of Bath

Parson

Plowman

Miller

Manciple

Reeve

Summoner

Pardoner

Host

Canon

Characters


Genres
Genres

  • Different genres give different views of the world, different vocabularies, and different images for truth.

  • Romance(Knight’s Tale)- human emotion and relationships

  • Fabliau(Miller’s Tale)- Basic human needs

  • Saint’s Life- operations of God in a holy person’s life

  • Moral Tales- morality(Pardoner’s Tale)

  • Sermons and Ethical Treasties(Parson’s Tale)


General prologue
General Prologue

  • Genre- Estates Satire

    analysis of society in terms of hierarchy. Each class or profession is described to show how it fails the idea.

  • Traditional Division of Medieval Society- Top to bottom

  • Individuals, not groups described, but individuals are representatives of different recognizable groups


Prologue
Prologue

  • Key Idea: the interplay of the social relations and individual identity in the tales

  • Chaucer- narrator

  • Human Nature


Class structure
Class Structure

  • Aristocracy

  • Middle Class

  • Lower Class


Aristocracy
Aristocracy

  • Knight

  • Squire

  • Yeoman

  • Prioress

  • Monk

  • Friar


Middle class
Middle Class

  • Merchant

  • Franklin

  • Cook

  • Shipman

  • Physician

  • Wife of Bath


Lower class
Lower Class

  • Parson

  • Plowman

  • Miller

  • Reeve

  • Summoner

  • Pardoner

  • Narrator

  • Host


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