Confined Space Rescue. Most confined space fatalities are poorly trained rescuers…. OSHA’s 3 levels of protection for confined space entrants:. 1) Permitting procedure identifies hazards and addresses protective measures 2) Retrieval equipment for external rescue
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-Exists or has the potential to exist
-Water, sludge, grain, etc....…
-Hoppers, converging pipe, etc.......
-Fall, heat, trip, varmints, etc........
Attendant recognizes that the Entrant has a problem.
Attendant contacts the Rescue Service.
Rescue Service arrives at the scene.
Size-up and strategy determination.
Rescue equipment set-up.
Reaching, treating, packaging, and evacuation of the victim.
Possible only if rescuers are rigged and ready while the entry is taking place. This is defined as Rescue Stand-by.
Appropriate (and Approximate!) Goals: Respond To Confined Space Scene / 10 Minutes
Reach The Victim(s) / 5-10 Minutes Later
Case law update….10 minute response held to be not timely in a Nov. 1997 case!
Regardless of whether the employer thinks it is unreasonable to call the service for every entry - the employer must comply!
Decision: Stand-by Vs. Available
Cat I - Available rescuers…
-Hazard (Potential) is not IDLH
-Supplied breathing air is not required
-No anticipated difficulty for entrant to self-rescue
Cat II – Stand-by
-Hazard (Potential) is IDLH
-Supplied breathing air is required
-Anticipated difficulty for entrant to self-rescueCategorizing PRCS
- Document intent to make a “timely rescue”
- Establishes training goal & evaluation criteria
- PPE utilized outside the space
- Equipment maintenance
- Individual skills
- Identify the number of types
- Design a training matrix for the year
- Practice worst case scenarios