Bullying prevention creating a safe and enriching school climate
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Bullying Prevention: Creating a Safe and Enriching School Climate. Adapted from Ft. Worth Independent School District. Presentation Overview. •Overview of Bullying – Traditional and Cyber •Impact on School – Environment – Legal •Safe Students and Staff

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Bullying Prevention: Creating a Safe and Enriching School Climate

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Bullying prevention creating a safe and enriching school climate

Bullying Prevention: Creating a Safe and Enriching School Climate

Adapted from Ft. Worth Independent School District


Presentation overview

Presentation Overview

•Overview of Bullying

–Traditional and Cyber

•Impact on School

–Environment

–Legal

•Safe Students and Staff

–Prevention and Intervention Strategies

–Boundaries


Definition

Definition

  • A student is bullied or victimized when he or she is exposed repeatedly, and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more students.


Imbalance of power

Imbalance of Power

  • Bullying is an imbalance of power between the bully and the victim where the bully uses his/her physical, intellectual, verbal, or social skills against the victim.


Bullying at school

Bullying at School

Visible:

  • Fighting

  • Weapons

  • Gangs

  • Overt Bullying

    Less Visible:

  • Put downs

  • Teasing/taunting

  • Exclusion

  • Rumors/Gossip

  • Cyber


Types of bullying

Types of Bullying

  • Physical/Gestures

  • Psychological

  • Harassment

  • Relational

  • Mobbing

  • Digital/Cyber


Bullying episode participants

Bullying Episode Participants

  • Victim

  • Bully

  • Bystanders

  • Bully/Victim

  • Homicidal Victim


Traditional vs cyber bullying

Traditional vs. Cyber Bullying

Traditional

Cyber

•60% of victims were also bullied in “traditional” ways

•55% of perpetrators bullied others in “traditional” ways

Source: Kowalski & Limber, 2008


Definition1

Definition

Cyber Bullying involves the use of electronic technologies to engage in repeated and/or extensively disseminated acts of cruelty towards others.


Youth online research

Youth Online Research

  • Young people face significantly greater risks from known peers-not online strangers

  • Most parents are not fully involved with their child’s online activities-fear strategies aren’t effective

  • The majority of teens are generally making good choices online


Online risks

Online Risks

  • Perception of invisibility-which can lead to a reduced fear of detection

  • Lack of tangible feedback that actions have caused harm to self or others

  • Materials in electronic form can be widely disseminated and permanently available


Forms of cyberbullying

Forms of Cyberbullying

  • Cyberstalking

  • Outing and Trickery

  • Flaming (text rage)

  • Exclusion/ Ostracism

  • Impersonation

  • Harassment (text wars)

  • Denigration (online slam books)

  • Happy Slapping


Cyberbullying can occur

Cyberbullying can occur…

  • Text Messages (flaming, text rage)

  • Chat Rooms (Bash Boards)

  • Websites (online slam books)

  • Social Networking

  • Sexting


Common social networking sites

Common Social Networking Sites

Teens use multiple social networking apps/tools!

  • Twitter

  • Instagram

  • Snapchat

  • YikYak

  • Ask.fm

  • Omegle

  • Whisper

  • Tumblr

  • Vine

  • Facebook

  • Kik Messenger

  • Wanelo

  • Ooovoo

  • WhatsApp

  • Google+

https://www.commonsensemedia.org/blog/15-sites-and-apps-kids-are-heading-to-beyond-facebook


Why does bullying continue

Why does bullying continue?

  • Adult beliefs

  • Adult excuses

  • Lack of enforcement

  • Lack of training

  • Ignorance


Students at greatest risk

Students At Greatest Risk

  • New to the area or school

  • Isolated /loners

  • Physically weaker or unique characteristic

  • Anxious, insecure, unhappy, and withdrawn

What actions can you take to support these students?


Impact of bullying

Impact of Bullying

  • Academic

  • Emotional

  • Criminal

  • Bullycide

  • Homicide

  • Lawsuits


School impact school climate and safety

School Impact: School Climate and Safety

  • Social Contagion

    –can weaken normal inhibitions against aggressions

  • Decreased sense of self-responsibility

  • Gradual changes in view of victim


Student free speech 393 u s 503 1969

Student Free Speech 393 U.S. 503 (1969)

  • Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District

    – School officials can impose discipline if speech has or forseeablycould cause violenceorother substantial disruption of school activities.


Prevention environmental

Prevention: Environmental

  • Create safe and caring environment

  • Clear rules and expectations

  • Greeting

  • Buddy System

  • When supervising-supervise

  • Be observant


Prevention curriculum

Prevention: Curriculum

  • Bullying

  • Relational Aggression

  • Cyber Safety


Prevention training

Prevention: Training

  • Student

    –Empathy

    –Cyber Safety

    –Legal Consequences

  • Staff

  • Parents


Prevention student training

Prevention: Student Training

  • Help them stay safe

    –Understand the risks

    –Know how to prevent themselves from risk and effectively respond-ask for help

    –Encourage resiliency and responsibility

  • Encourage them to do the right thing

    –Make wise choices online

    –Respect rights and privacy of others

    –Do not harm others

  • Encourage them to be responsible

    –Promote digital civility

    –Report concerns to an adult and help others online


Prevention staff training

Prevention: Staff Training

  • Understand who is at greatest risk

  • Know the signs/symptoms of bullying

  • Be approachable

  • Be observant

  • Supervise

  • Be relationship minded; engage students

  • Set up newcomer program

  • Other


Prevention parent training

Prevention: Parent Training

  • Signs/symptoms of bullying

  • Develop relationship with school

  • Supervise both on and offline

  • Be observant

  • Communicate and be open minded

  • Help their child develop empathy and strong social skills

  • Other


Intervention environmental

Intervention: Environmental

  • Create environment that encourages reporting

  • Recognize signs and behaviors

  • Intervene quickly

  • Name the behavior

  • Consistent consequences

  • Report/document

    – Discipline Report

    – Bus Incident Report


Intervention staff training

Intervention: Staff Training

  • Do not reply to emails, taunts or lies

  • Save all interactions for evidence

  • Do not forward sexting photos

  • In the case of email harassment, contact the harasser's Internet Service Provider and make a complaint.

  • Report incidences to your administrator along with copies of the materials that you have collected.


Staff student interactions

Staff / Student Interactions

As an educator, it is your responsibility to maintain a classroom atmosphere which is comfortable and conducive to learning for all students.

Key Point: How do you remain friendly, respectful, and professional with students without violating the boundaries of professionalism?


What are boundaries

What are boundaries?

  • mutually understood, unspoken physical and emotional limits of the relationship between the individuals

  • limits that allow a connection based on your student’s needs

  • defines the space which clarifies “you” & “me.”

  • preserves your purpose and mission


Things to think about

Things to think about…

  • Over familiarity can often take place through:

    – School Computer

    • Connecticut v. Julie Amero (1/07 convicted, 6/07 thrown out, 11/08 pled guilty)

      – Texting

      – Social Networking Sites

      – Other

Are you staying safe?


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