Chapter 4 Policing: Purpose and Organization

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Learning Objectives. Explain the basic purposes of policing in democratic societiesList and describe the three major levels of public law enforcementIdentify the three styles of policingDescribe community policingDescribe the nature of scientific police managementIdentify factors that infl
Chapter 4 Policing: Purpose and Organization

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1. Chapter 4 Policing: Purpose and Organization

2. Learning Objectives Explain the basic purposes of policing in democratic societies List and describe the three major levels of public law enforcement Identify the three styles of policing Describe community policing Describe the nature of scientific police management Identify factors that influence an individual police officer?s use of discretion

3. The Rights of the Accused Under Investigation Individual Rights: Common law, constitutional, statutory, and humanitarian rights of the accused: A right against unreasonable searches A right against unreasonable arrest A right against unreasonable seizures of property A right to fair questioning by authorities A right to protection from personal harm

4. The Rights of the Accused Under Investigation Public Order: Individual rights must be effectively balanced against these community concerns: The efficient apprehension of offenders The prevention of crimes

5. The Police Mission The basic purposes of policing in democratic societies are to: Library Extra 4-1 Web Extras 4-1, 4-2, and 4-3 Hear author discuss the chapter.

6. American Policing: From the Federal to the Local Level Three major legislative and judicial jurisdictions Federal State Local Little uniformity

7. Federal Agencies There are 11 United States government services Web Extra 4-4 Library 4-2 Federal Bureau of Investigation Began in 1908 Mission statement: ?The Mission of the FBI is to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats, to uphold and enforce the criminal laws of the United States, and to provide leadership and criminal justice services to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners.?

8. Federal Bureau of Investigation Organization 56 field offices and 400 satellite offices (resident offices) Legal attach? offices (Legats) Major FBI operations National Computer Crime Squad (NCCS) Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) Laboratory Division: Web Extra 4-5 National Academy Program: Web Extra 4-6

9. State-Level Agencies American state policing

10. State-Level Agencies Centralized state policing model: Assist local law enforcement Operate identification bureaus Maintain a centralized criminal records repository Patrol the state?s highways Provide select training for municipal and county officers

11. State-Level Agencies Decentralized state policing model: Draws a clear distinction between traffic enforcement on state highways and other state-level law enforcement functions. Characterizes operations in the southern United States. Web Extra 4-7

12. Local Agencies The term ?local police? encompasses a wide variety of agencies.

13. Local Agencies 13,580 municipal police departments 3,100 sheriff?s departments The majority of local agencies employ fewer than ten full-time officers. City police chiefs are typically appointed. Sheriffs are elected officials of a county law enforcement agency.

14. Policing Styles A style of policing describes how a particular police agency sees its purpose and identifies the methods and techniques it uses to fulfill that purpose. Watchman style Legalistic style Service style

15. Police-Community Relations Police-community relations refers to: Team policing is:

16. Police-Community Relations Strategic policing is: Problem-solving policing is:

17. Police-Community Relations Community policing is: Elements of community policing: Community-based crime prevention Reorientation of patrol activities to emphasize the importance of non-emergency services Increased police accountability to the public Decentralization of command

18. Police-Community Relations

19. Police-Community Relations Chicago?s Alternative Policing Strategies (CAPS) Library Extras 4-5 and 4-6 Web Extra 4-9 Community Policing Consortium Web Extra 4-10

20. Critique of Community Policing Its complexity and evolving nature make its effectiveness difficult to measure. Citizen satisfaction with police performance is difficult to conceptualize and quantify. Conditions of life, rather than race, are most predictive of citizen dissatisfaction. There may not be a high degree of consensus in the community. Not all officers are willing to accept nontraditional images of police work.

21. Critique of Community Policing Police subculture refers to: Socialization into the police subculture commences with recruit training and continues thereafter. Committed to traditional view of police work. Library Extra 4-7

22. Scientific Police Management Scientific police management refers to: Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA) Exemplary Projects Program Kansas City Experiment

23. Discretion and the Individual Officer Police discretion refers to: Individual officers retain considerable discretion in what they do.

24. Factors That Influence Discretion

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